CAT Logical Reasoning Questions with Answers

Logical Reasoning

Logical reasoning covers topics such as Einstein puzzles, linear and circular seating arrangements, ranking problems, truth-lie concept, scheduling, games and tournaments, weighing, and coin picking problems. The LR sets given below come with detailed explanations and video solutions.

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Instructions

Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it: Amit, Bhushan, Chetan, Dinesh, Emran and Farah meet at a startup fair. The organizers of the fair decide to form a team of 5 members from this group by allocating to each member one of the five responsibilities - Marketing, Technology, Content Development, Public Relations and Human Resources.

The team formed must satisfy the following conditions:

A) Chetan and Dinesh do not get along and cannot be in the team together

B) If Emran is there in the team the Amit and Farah must also be in the team

C) If Bhushan gets either Marketing or Public relations then Chetan must get the other responsibility and vice versa

D) Amit can either take the responsibility for Content development or Human Resources

E) Dinesh can take the role of either Technology or Content Development

F) Farah can do either of Technology, Marketing or Public Relations role

Question 1

If Dinesh takes the Technology role and Emran is responsible for Public relations, which of the following cannot be a possible person-role combination?

Question 2

If Emran is responsible for Human Resources and Bhushan for marketing, which of the following options represent the other role allocations?

Question 3

If Amit is responsible for HR and Chetan is responsible for Public Relations, who is responsible for Content Development?

Instructions

Study the information given below and answer the following: 

A group of three or four has to be selected from seven persons. Among the seven are two women: Anna and Maria, and five men: Roger, Rafa, Novak, Andy and Gales. Roger would not like to be in the group if Rafa is selected. Rafa and Gales want to be selected together in the group. Maria would like to be in the group only if Novak is also there. Novak, if selected, would not like Andy in the group. Roger would like to be in the group only if Andy is also there. Novak insists that Anna be selected in case he is selected.

Question 4

Which of the following statements is true?

Instructions

Study the information given below carefully and answer the given questions:

Four cars Honda, Fiat, Ford and Chevrolet were bought in successive years in that order by four friends Anil, Dilip, Sushil and Kumar.

  1. Anil bought his car in the year between the years in which Dilip and Kumar bought their cars
  2. Sushil does not drive the Honda
  3. The Ford is worth more than the Honda
  4. Kumar’s car is more expensive than Anil’s but less expensive than Dilip’s car
  5. One of the car costs Rs 120,000
  6. Sushil’s car does not cost Rs 180,000
  7. The difference in the prices of Sushil and Kumar’s cars is Rs 60,000
  8. Dilip bought his car in the year between the years when the Rs 30,000 car and the Rs 60,000 car were bought

Question 5

Which is the most expensive car?

Instructions

Study the information given below and answer the following: 

A group of three or four has to be selected from seven persons. Among the seven are two women: Anna and Maria, and five men: Roger, Rafa, Novak, Andy and Gales. Roger would not like to be in the group if Rafa is selected. Rafa and Gales want to be selected together in the group. Maria would like to be in the group only if Novak is also there. Novak, if selected, would not like Andy in the group. Roger would like to be in the group only if Andy is also there. Novak insists that Anna be selected in case he is selected.

Question 6

Which of the following is a feasible group of four?

Instructions

Eight friends - Abhi, Bablu, Chintu, Dillu, Ekra, Fazia, Guru and Hari - go to a restaurant that offers many cuisines. Each of the friends order a different cuisine - Italian, Thai, French, Indian, Japanese, Lebanese, Mexican and Spanish. The table that they sat on is in the shape of a square. Four of the friends sat at the corners of the table and the remaining four sat on the sides of the table. Further:
(1) Chintu sits to the opposite of the person who ordered Indian food.
(2) Bablu sits at one of the sides of the table and he sits to the immediate right of Abhi.
(3) Guru ordered Japanese food and is sitting between Chintu and Hari.
(4) The person who ordered Thai food sits two places away from the person, who is adjacent to Hari.
(5) Chintu is not at the corners of the table and Guru sits to the immediate right of Chintu.
(6) Fazia sits adjacent to the person who ordered Indian food and three places away from Hari.
(7) Dillu did not order Thai food and sits opposite to the person who ordered Spanish food.
(8) Bablu is not sitting opposite to Hari, who ordered Lebanese food, but sits opposite to the person who ordered Mexican food.
(9) Ekra did not order Italian and is sitting next to Fazia.

Question 7

Which of the following cuisine food was ordered by a person who was sitting in one of the four corners of the table.

Question 8

Which of the following pairs is different from the others?

Instructions

Study the information given below carefully and answer the given questions:

Four cars Honda, Fiat, Ford and Chevrolet were bought in successive years in that order by four friends Anil, Dilip, Sushil and Kumar.

  1. Anil bought his car in the year between the years in which Dilip and Kumar bought their cars
  2. Sushil does not drive the Honda
  3. The Ford is worth more than the Honda
  4. Kumar’s car is more expensive than Anil’s but less expensive than Dilip’s car
  5. One of the car costs Rs 120,000
  6. Sushil’s car does not cost Rs 180,000
  7. The difference in the prices of Sushil and Kumar’s cars is Rs 60,000
  8. Dilip bought his car in the year between the years when the Rs 30,000 car and the Rs 60,000 car were bought

Question 9

How much is the Fiat worth?

Question 10

Who drives the Ford?

Instructions

Study the information given below and answer the following: 

A group of three or four has to be selected from seven persons. Among the seven are two women: Anna and Maria, and five men: Roger, Rafa, Novak, Andy and Gales. Roger would not like to be in the group if Rafa is selected. Rafa and Gales want to be selected together in the group. Maria would like to be in the group only if Novak is also there. Novak, if selected, would not like Andy in the group. Roger would like to be in the group only if Andy is also there. Novak insists that Anna be selected in case he is selected.

Question 11

Which of the following is a feasible group of three?

Instructions

Five athletes - Ajay, Bhima, Chandu, Dheeru and Ekra - participate in a 100m hurdles. Each of these players are from a different country - India, Maldives, Singapore, Malaysia and Nepal. Each of these players wore a shirt of different colours - Red, Blue, Yellow, Green and Indigo. Each of these players secured a different position in the race - 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th. Further:
(1) Chandu is not from Nepal and the athlete in blue shirt is not from Maldives.
(2) The athlete from Malaysia wore an yellow shirt but he is not Bhima.
(3) Red shirt athlete is not from India.
(4) Ekra reached the finish line just before the athlete from Maldives.
(5) Only one person secured a position between the athletes in blue shirt and green shirt and he is from Singapore.
(6) The athlete in Red shirt secured a better position than the athlete in Blue shirt.
(7) Ekra is not wearing red shirt.
(8) Ajay is not wearing Indigo shirt and Chandu secured a better position than Ajay.
(9) Dheeru finished the race after the Singapore athlete and he is not from Nepal.
(10) The Indian athlete secured the second position and he is Ajay.

Question 12

The athlete who wore a Blue shirt is from which country?

Instructions

Eight friends - Abhi, Bablu, Chintu, Dillu, Ekra, Fazia, Guru and Hari - go to a restaurant that offers many cuisines. Each of the friends order a different cuisine - Italian, Thai, French, Indian, Japanese, Lebanese, Mexican and Spanish. The table that they sat on is in the shape of a square. Four of the friends sat at the corners of the table and the remaining four sat on the sides of the table. Further:
(1) Chintu sits to the opposite of the person who ordered Indian food.
(2) Bablu sits at one of the sides of the table and he sits to the immediate right of Abhi.
(3) Guru ordered Japanese food and is sitting between Chintu and Hari.
(4) The person who ordered Thai food sits two places away from the person, who is adjacent to Hari.
(5) Chintu is not at the corners of the table and Guru sits to the immediate right of Chintu.
(6) Fazia sits adjacent to the person who ordered Indian food and three places away from Hari.
(7) Dillu did not order Thai food and sits opposite to the person who ordered Spanish food.
(8) Bablu is not sitting opposite to Hari, who ordered Lebanese food, but sits opposite to the person who ordered Mexican food.
(9) Ekra did not order Italian and is sitting next to Fazia.

Question 13

Which cuisine food did the the person sitting to the immediate right of Hari order?

Question 14

Which cuisine food did Ekra order?

Instructions

Based on the information given below, answer the questions which follow.
Mukesh, Nitesh, Praveen, Quraishi and Rajesh are participating in a game. They are required to name the champions of the last 5 cricket world cups. None of them are cricket enthusiasts, so they do not have any idea. The host decided to give them a hint and said that the last 5 editions have been won by Australia, India, Pakistan, West Indies and Sri Lanka, not necessarily in the same order. He also told them that in the last five editions, no team has won the world cup twice. Each one them wanted to try his luck, so they gave the answers as follows.

The rules of the game say that if someone gets the winners of all the five editions correct than he will get prize money of 20,000. If somebody gets k answers correct but not all five then he will get 2(k+1) thousand rupees. It is known that each one of them won a different amount of money.

Question 15

How many friends got the 2003 prediction correct?

Question 16

Who won the tournament in 2007?

Question 17

Who won the least amount of money?

Question 18

Who won the tournament in 2011?

Instructions

Five athletes - Ajay, Bhima, Chandu, Dheeru and Ekra - participate in a 100m hurdles. Each of these players are from a different country - India, Maldives, Singapore, Malaysia and Nepal. Each of these players wore a shirt of different colours - Red, Blue, Yellow, Green and Indigo. Each of these players secured a different position in the race - 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th. Further:
(1) Chandu is not from Nepal and the athlete in blue shirt is not from Maldives.
(2) The athlete from Malaysia wore an yellow shirt but he is not Bhima.
(3) Red shirt athlete is not from India.
(4) Ekra reached the finish line just before the athlete from Maldives.
(5) Only one person secured a position between the athletes in blue shirt and green shirt and he is from Singapore.
(6) The athlete in Red shirt secured a better position than the athlete in Blue shirt.
(7) Ekra is not wearing red shirt.
(8) Ajay is not wearing Indigo shirt and Chandu secured a better position than Ajay.
(9) Dheeru finished the race after the Singapore athlete and he is not from Nepal.
(10) The Indian athlete secured the second position and he is Ajay.

Question 19

The athlete who secured the first position wore a shirt of which colour?

Question 20

Who secured the last position?

Question 21

Which of the following is true?

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