CAT Decision Making Questions with Answers

Decision Making

Decision making is an integral part of XAT, often touted as its make or break section. Contrary to popular perception, the decision-making section can be mastered by adopting a structured approach. Go through our decision-making sets and the detailed explanations that come with them to understand how to approach DM questions.

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Instructions

Since two years, Balu is working in a software company, Axis Software Pvt. Ltd., as a Software Engineer. Due to the recent death of his father, he is the sole earning member of his family. He is awaiting his promotion to a Senior Software Engineer as the improved pay would make the financial position of his family better. Balu reports to his manager Amit, who is off late under pressure as his performance review is due and his team has been unable to meet the targets set for this year.


During his time at Axis Software, Balu in his free time has developed a software which would efficiently streamline the leave processes of all the employees in the company. One day Balu has shared the details of this software, in person, to his manager Amit hoping it would make his way clear for a promotion. Amit, after testing the software has found it to be very good and now is thinking of presenting it as his own, in his performance review so as to make it benefit him. He thinks he can easily convince Balu with this plan by giving him a promotion and also a salary raise of 30%.

Question 1

What should the company do to avoid situations like this?

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions which follow.
Mahesh is a director of KS associates, a business consulting firm. During one of the meetings with the HR managers of the company, Sanjay who has been with the company for 15 years tells him about the declining performance of Sujoy who was one of the best performing employees of the company in the past. Mahesh had known Sujoy and was well aware that he was one of the most hard working employees of the firm. He calls Sujoy to his office to understand the reason behind his poor performance and counsel him.

Question 2

Mahesh comes to know that Sujoy lacked motivation to work hard because of the policies of the company which do not reward good performers.
What should be Mahesh’s course of action?

Instructions

Ajay was thinking deeply about a problem that his organization, a business consulting company, faced.

Globalization had affected his company like many other companies. Despite the downturn, the current revenues remained healthy. However, Ajay knew it was inevitable that the company could not do business the same way. The complexity of managing the business had increased with time. Consultants were under pressure to deliver good and innovative solutions. The organization had consultants from different age groups having a good mix of domain and industry expertise. It was a flat organization with three levels.

The biggest challenge for Ajay was to have consultants with latest knowledge who would also earn revenues. Getting additional business was a challenge as all the consultants were busy and it was very difficult to hire new consultants.

Question 3

Some of the consultants were adept at applying old solutions to new problems. Ajay was not very sure if this would work for long. Some of the clients had complained about the performance of old and reputed consultants. Ajay was mulling over the following five solutions to tackle this problem.

1) Decrease time spent on client interaction and increase time spent for generating solutions.
2) Increase support staff to help consultants to remain updated.
3) Decrease the number of simultaneous projects handled by consultants.
4) Make it compulsory for consultants to work on inter-industry and inter-domain problems.
5) Recruit more consultants.

Which of the following would be the best sequence of decisions taken by Ajay (starting from immediate to distant)?

Instructions

In a valid lottery ticket six unique numbers are present such that they follow the conditions given below.
Condition 1: Each of the six numbers in a valid lottery ticket is greater than 1000.
Condition 2: The GCD of any two numbers in a valid lottery ticket is greater than 5.
Condition 3: Atleast one digit is common between any two consecutive numbers in a valid lottery ticket.
Condition 4: Not more than 3 numbers start with the same digit in a valid lottery ticket.
Condition 5: Atleast 4 consecutive numbers are in ascending order.

Question 4

If the first three numbers of a valid lottery ticket are 1302, 1922 and 2604 while the last two numbers are 3875 and 4495 which of the following can be the fourth number on the ticket.

Instructions

Answer the given questions based on the passage given below:
Xomi mobiles is an Indian subsidiary of the Japanese mobile manufacturer, Spiz mobiles. In 2015, due to increased competition the sales and profits of Xomi mobiles decreased. To attract more value conscious Indian customers, Spiz mobiles plans to release its new mobile variant, X55. In order to boost its sales the company announced the launch of the mobile 3 months before schedule. But due to the prolonged strikes in one of its manufacturing plant in India, the company was unable to launch the product on time in India. Thus, the company launched the mobile in Japan only where the mobile received overwhelming response. X 55 was able to capture 20% of the market which was much more than expected. The Indian customers who were awaiting the launch of X55 in India became increasing unhappy due to the non-availability of the phone in India. Xomi’s dealers are worried about the loss of business from the customers who might switch to other brands.

Question 5

Unhappy customers will not only leave the company, but also spread negative publicity about the company. The best way, among the options below, to deal with customers is:

Instructions

Indian textile industry is facing stiff completion from Sri Lankan textile Industry as Sri Lanka is taking advantage of the unilateral tariff preference scheme called GSP granted to developing countries by the UN. India, which was also a beneficiary of the scheme has been graduated out of the GSP from 01.01.2015 for textiles and some other products. The graduation out of countries is done by the UN based on the criterion of trade share. Because of this change, locally produced cotton clothes by Indian farmers which constituted majority of the Indian textile Industry is being replaced by clothes made of Alpaca fibre which is usually grown only in Sri Lanka. The Indian cotton industry still uses outdated technologies for production which has resulted in pushing the prices of cotton fibre still higher.

Question 6

Mr. Rajan is the President of the Textile Industry Association of India. Fearing the widespread shutdown of the cotton mills in India due to foreign competition, Mr. Rajan plans to take up the plight of the cotton farmers and mill owners to Government of India. Mr. Rajan highlighted the following facts to highlight the problems facing the Indian Cotton textile Industry:
1. Textile import dependency has gone up from 25 percent in the last decade to about 80 percent currently
2. India is currently the highest importer of Alpaca in the world
3. In the past 5 years, the Indian cotton fibre output has just increased by 20% whereas the import of Alpaca has increased by 20 times
4. Increased imports of the Alpaca fibre clothes have decreased the prices of cotton fibre discouraging cotton farmers from expading
For a government which aims to increase the foreign currency resources which of the above facts would result in positive response from the government?

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Animesh wanted to set up a fast-food joint in Bhopal. One day, while browsing the internet, he came across an advertisement from Mahajunk, a popular food chain, which called for interest from potential franchisees. Mahajunk required its franchisee to invest at least 50 lacs in the project and own a minimum area of 2000 square feet.
Animesh shortlisted three areas for his project- MP Nagar, Arera Hills, and Awadhpuri. MP Nagar was the commercial centre of the city with many malls and retail outlets. Due to presence of many coaching centres, it was also the education hub of the city. Due to the presence of high end brands’ outlets, mostly upper middle class customers shopped there. But the real estate prices were very high in this area. Awadhpuri was a growing lower middle class hub of the city which seemed to be the fastest growing market in Bhopal. Also there were few brand outlets which were opening in this area. Arera Hills was predominantly a residential area.
Animesh wanted to choose MP Nagar as it was the place from where he usually shopped but he had reservations about it as the property prices were very high. He was not in favour of Awadhpuri due to its low image. He expected to target the youth in MP Nagar. This created confusion in Animesh’s mind.

Question 7

Which of the following is the driving factor in such situation?

Instructions

Answer the given questions based on the passage given below:
Xomi mobiles is an Indian subsidiary of the Japanese mobile manufacturer, Spiz mobiles. In 2015, due to increased competition the sales and profits of Xomi mobiles decreased. To attract more value conscious Indian customers, Spiz mobiles plans to release its new mobile variant, X55. In order to boost its sales the company announced the launch of the mobile 3 months before schedule. But due to the prolonged strikes in one of its manufacturing plant in India, the company was unable to launch the product on time in India. Thus, the company launched the mobile in Japan only where the mobile received overwhelming response. X 55 was able to capture 20% of the market which was much more than expected. The Indian customers who were awaiting the launch of X55 in India became increasing unhappy due to the non-availability of the phone in India. Xomi’s dealers are worried about the loss of business from the customers who might switch to other brands.

Question 8

Statement I: In the Japenese market, Kyoex 400, and Zin 250, are competing models in X55's target market. Due to increase in sales of X55 by 300%, Kyoex 400 and Zin 250 saw their market share decline by 10%.
Statement II: Kyoex 400 and Zin 250 were not desired by the customers due to their new features.
Which of the following conclusions can be most justifiably made?

Instructions

Avanti Co. is operating in four southern states of India. The organization has a great recognition for event management, wherein clients approach them just with the type of event to be organized and the amount they can invest, and the rest of the work would be taken care of the management of Avanti Co. Every employee gets salary proportional to the number of hours they have worked for a particular event. A new general manager joined the company recently, and proposed top management to include two more parameters in determining the salaries of the employees. The two parameters he proposed are the quality of relationship with the client and the nature of work.

Question 9

The top management of Avanti Co. refused to implement the General Manager’s proposal from the beginning of the next month, which of the following might be the reason?

Instructions

In a valid lottery ticket six unique numbers are present such that they follow the conditions given below.
Condition 1: Each of the six numbers in a valid lottery ticket is greater than 1000.
Condition 2: The GCD of any two numbers in a valid lottery ticket is greater than 5.
Condition 3: Atleast one digit is common between any two consecutive numbers in a valid lottery ticket.
Condition 4: Not more than 3 numbers start with the same digit in a valid lottery ticket.
Condition 5: Atleast 4 consecutive numbers are in ascending order.

Question 10

Which of the following is a valid lottery ticket?

Instructions

Avanti Co. is operating in four southern states of India. The organization has a great recognition for event management, wherein clients approach them just with the type of event to be organized and the amount they can invest, and the rest of the work would be taken care of the management of Avanti Co. Every employee gets salary proportional to the number of hours they have worked for a particular event. A new general manager joined the company recently, and proposed top management to include two more parameters in determining the salaries of the employees. The two parameters he proposed are the quality of relationship with the client and the nature of work.

Question 11

Kiran, the highest paid employee, opposes the General Manager’s proposal. Which of the following could most likely be the reason for him to oppose the proposal?

Instructions

Anil started his career as a software developer in a product based IT firm. After working for three years, he started an e-commerce website freetm. He recruited Tarun as his assistant. Tarun is very hardworking in nature and showed a great interest towards learning different technologies. Soon he became well versed with all the technologies the company freetm use. Anil impressed with Tarun’s hardworking nature and raised his position from assistant to assistant technology officer.
Since freetm is an e-commerce company, it mainly relies on the technologies they use. The man behind the successful technological operations was the chief technology officer, Karthik. Freetm emerged quickly in the market by expanding its subscriber base from 1 million to 10 million in just one year and it also introduced freetm wallet, which became India’s largest payment service platform. As government announced demonetization, there was a surge in the usage digital services. So, freetm experienced a fourfold increase in number of transactions. Things were moving satisfactorily until Karthik resigned because of some health problems. This happened when Anil was busy introducing another important feature to the website. In order to make things going, Anil appointed Tarun as chief technological officer with a salary appraisal.

Question 12

Which of the following might be the Anil’s reason for appointing Tarun as chief technological officer rather than recruiting other candidates?

Instructions

Mr. Prasad, HR Manager of service based e-commerce company, has received two complaints on Mr. Saurav citing his inefficiency at work. So, Mr. Prasad decided to talk to Saurav regarding his performance and invited saurav to his cabin. In their meeting Mr. Prasad reminded Saurav that he is very important to the organization and have to perform well to reach the expectations of his colleagues and his manager. And he also mentioned that he will continue to monitor Saurav’s performance and would like to terminate him if he continues to perform dismally.

Question 13

Saurav has offer from other job at hand, if he wants to join the new job; he needs to accept the offer in four days. However, Saurav needs job to support his family. Which of the following would be the best decision in this situation?

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Ayush Gangwar, a project manager at an FMCG company, was wondering how he should approach the issue of ‘Kide’ commercials. Kide had been doing well in the market, but not a week went by without a customer writing to complain about the commercial.
It featured a woman saying, “Muddy shirt! Muddy shirt!” in a condescending voice to a man whose shirt was soiled with dirt. The man looked at his wife, who was very embarrassed at the entire situation. Later the commercial shows her washing the shirt after rubbing Kide into it, and the other woman saying, “So bright and tidy!”
The complaining letters, almost exclusively from women, expressed objections to the commercial because it was misogynistic and otherwise offensive as well. Many of these unsatisfied customers said that they would not buy the brand because of the offensive commercial and because it was demeaning to women. On the one hand, the brand was doing well; it was the brand leader in a growing market, though a much larger competing company was quite capable of beating Kide.
Ayush was a believer in the profit motive, but not at the cost of condoning unethical behaviour. He had been asked to make a recommendation for the commercial. After reviewing the sales data and reading the letters of complaint, Ayush was contemplating his next move. He analysed data which showed that the primary decision makers and purchasers of the product were women. Part of the reason for Kide’s success was believed to be the advertising message, which not only had a high level of recall but a high level of association with the brand. Ayush wondered if, in spite of its apparent success, it was ethical to continue with the advertising message if it was misogynistic.

Question 14

How should Ayush approach the situation?

Instructions

Intercontinental Business Manufacturing (IBM) was doing a roaring business. Demand of the products was high and supply of raw-material was abundant. IBM was manufacturing three different products. Some customers bought two types of products and some bought only one. The three products were "quickie quick", "run-of-the-mill", and "maxi-max". Customers were not complaining loudly.

Ram, the product manager, was confused! Demand for "quickie-quick" was increasing. Raw material suppliers wanted to supply lower quality at cheaper price. It was profitable for the company to increase production. Quality department was not happy with the product. Ram met Rahim, the CEO, who, as always, wanted higher profits. He said that IBM will set up a committee for improving the quality.

Question 15

Rahim set up a "brand" committee comprising of a few selected managers, headed by Robert. The committee proposed that IBM should continue to manufacture the three differently branded products. It also proposed to recruit a new brand manager for improving brand image of the products. It agreed with Rahim that the company should increase the price. Rocket Singh, head of sales, was confused because he realized that customers were miffed with "run-of-the-mill" and "maxi-max". What should Rocket Singh do?

Instructions

Since two years, Balu is working in a software company, Axis Software Pvt. Ltd., as a Software Engineer. Due to the recent death of his father, he is the sole earning member of his family. He is awaiting his promotion to a Senior Software Engineer as the improved pay would make the financial position of his family better. Balu reports to his manager Amit, who is off late under pressure as his performance review is due and his team has been unable to meet the targets set for this year.


During his time at Axis Software, Balu in his free time has developed a software which would efficiently streamline the leave processes of all the employees in the company. One day Balu has shared the details of this software, in person, to his manager Amit hoping it would make his way clear for a promotion. Amit, after testing the software has found it to be very good and now is thinking of presenting it as his own, in his performance review so as to make it benefit him. He thinks he can easily convince Balu with this plan by giving him a promotion and also a salary raise of 30%.

Question 16

Which of the following is the main reason for Amit’s proposal to Balu?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

Marathe is a vice President in a construction equipment company in the city of Mumbai. One day, his subordinate Bhonsle requested that Kale, a project manager, be transferred to the Chennai office from the Mumbai office. In Chennai, Kale would work alone as a researcher. Bhonsle gave the following reasons for his request: “Kale is known to frequently fight with his colleagues. Kale is conscientious and dedicated only when working alone. He is friendly with seniors, but refuses to work with colleagues, in a team. He cannot accept criticism and feels hostile and rejected. He is over-bearing and is generally a bad influence on the team.” Marathe called upon Gore, another project manager, and sought further information on Kale. Gore recalled that colleague, Lakhote (who was also Kale’s former boss) had made a few remarks on his appraisal report about Kale was not fit for further promotion as he was emotionally unstable to work in groups though he had seven years of work experience. Lakhote had described Kale as too authoritative to work under anyone Lakhote Had further told Gore that Kale had an ailing wife, and an old mother, who does not want to stay with his wife

Question 17

Which of the following statements, if true would weaken the decision to sack Kale the most?

Instructions

Read the information given below carefully and answer the questions which follow.
The pollution level in the city of Delhi is at an all time high. Environmentalists are terming it to be at highly dangerous levels. The chief minister of Delhi appoints a committee to assess the gravity of the situation and present its report. After several meetings the committee arrives at a few possible measures to bring down the pollution levels in the city. One of them is to decrease the use of private vehicles in the city. Another is to have a body which will monitor the pollution caused due to factories and will impose appropriate penalty on factories which are not using standard measures to reduce pollution. One more recommendation by the committee is to stop the waste disposal into rivers. Another recommendation of the committee is to increase the land under forest cover to improve the air quality in the city. The committee submits its report to the chief minister and its up to the chief minister to decide how to implement these recommendations.

Question 18

One of the chief minister’s relatives wanted to start a new manufacturing plant for his company. He contacted him to allot 100 acres of government land which was lying useless. The chief minister had earlier planned to plant trees in this land. What should be the chief ministers course of action.

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Cheque kiting was on the rise, which according to many experts was due to bad economy in the past year. Customers were taking advantage of the bank’s policy of not waiting until deposited cheques had cleared before allowing the customers to money in cash. A cheque kiter deposited a bad cheque of another bank in Vipul’s bank. Then he/she wrote a cheque from Vipul’s bank to cover the cheque from the other bank, and so on. In short, cheque kiters were able to withdraw money that they didn’t have and cover it up with a series of bad cheques. However, Kiting wasn’t that easy--it required a steady stream of precisely timed cheques--and it was easy to spot the frequent identical deposits and withdrawals when you looked at the statements.
Vipul recognized the name on the cheque as that of his close personal friend. He certainly hadn’t thought she was dishonest, it didn’t surprise him that she might be having financial difficulties, as she always did. It was tough when a friend put you in this situation. What made it tougher, though, was that she was involved in an off again, on-again personal relationship with Vipul’s boss, and Vipul wasn’t sure whether they were involved or not at the moment. She was also a senior manager of the bank on which she was writing cheques, which precisely explains how she was able to time her cheques so well. In a situation of cheque kiting, Vipul normally documented the case and gave the information to his boss. Then Vipul closed the account at his bank, intimated the customer, and notified the other bank that the bad cheque was being returned. Whoever caught the kiter first was able to pass the losses on to someone else. Cheque kiting was illegal, but no so much for the local Police. Whenever Vipul reported such issue, they had always told him they weren’t interested.

Question 19

Vipul informs his boss about the matter. His boss, who at the moment was involved with his friend, asks him in a stern voice to ignore the matter. Vipul is scared that if he doesn’t follow his orders, he might lose his job. Also not reporting the matter is good for Vipul’s relationship with his friend. Vipul is contemplating his next course of action. He desperately need this job while maintaining a good repo with his friend and his boss. He also doesn’t want to get involved in a crime.
What should one do if he/she is in Vipul’s shoes?

Instructions

Pikea is an e-commerce marketplace for furniture, home and office products. They manufacture and sell different types of products and the main raw material they use to manufacture many of these products is wood. Different suppliers supply the necessary raw materials. Pikea penetrated into market very well, just in two years, its market share grew from 2% to 4%. Demand for wooden products was increasing and suppliers wanted to supply low quality wood at cheaper price. It was profitable for the company to increase the production. The head of the quality department Gautham was not happy with this and requested Rohan, the CEO to set up a meeting for quality improvement.

Question 20

Though they decided to maintain the good quality of the product, after an increase in the production level of wooden products, the quality department has been receiving numerous complaints about the quality of the product. Mr Rohan, who was busy solving some important problems concerning shipping department felt uncomfortable with all these complaints regarding quality of the product.
If you were in Rohan’s position, what decision would you take?

Instructions

Mr. Prasad, HR Manager of service based e-commerce company, has received two complaints on Mr. Saurav citing his inefficiency at work. So, Mr. Prasad decided to talk to Saurav regarding his performance and invited saurav to his cabin. In their meeting Mr. Prasad reminded Saurav that he is very important to the organization and have to perform well to reach the expectations of his colleagues and his manager. And he also mentioned that he will continue to monitor Saurav’s performance and would like to terminate him if he continues to perform dismally.

Question 21

Saurav, after the meeting with MR. Prasad continued to focus on his work instead of getting demoralized. Which of the following might best explain his decision to do so?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

Marathe is a vice President in a construction equipment company in the city of Mumbai. One day, his subordinate Bhonsle requested that Kale, a project manager, be transferred to the Chennai office from the Mumbai office. In Chennai, Kale would work alone as a researcher. Bhonsle gave the following reasons for his request: “Kale is known to frequently fight with his colleagues. Kale is conscientious and dedicated only when working alone. He is friendly with seniors, but refuses to work with colleagues, in a team. He cannot accept criticism and feels hostile and rejected. He is over-bearing and is generally a bad influence on the team.” Marathe called upon Gore, another project manager, and sought further information on Kale. Gore recalled that colleague, Lakhote (who was also Kale’s former boss) had made a few remarks on his appraisal report about Kale was not fit for further promotion as he was emotionally unstable to work in groups though he had seven years of work experience. Lakhote had described Kale as too authoritative to work under anyone Lakhote Had further told Gore that Kale had an ailing wife, and an old mother, who does not want to stay with his wife

Question 22

Consider the following solutions to the problem mentioned above:

(1)  Marathe should transfer Kale to Chennai office
(2)  Marathe should try and verify the facts from other sources as well
(3)  Kale should be sacked
(4)  Kale should be demoted
(5)  Marathe should suggest Kale to visit a family counselor

Which of the following would be the most appropriate sequence of decisions in terms of immediacy: starting from immediate to a longer term solution

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Ayush Gangwar, a project manager at an FMCG company, was wondering how he should approach the issue of ‘Kide’ commercials. Kide had been doing well in the market, but not a week went by without a customer writing to complain about the commercial.
It featured a woman saying, “Muddy shirt! Muddy shirt!” in a condescending voice to a man whose shirt was soiled with dirt. The man looked at his wife, who was very embarrassed at the entire situation. Later the commercial shows her washing the shirt after rubbing Kide into it, and the other woman saying, “So bright and tidy!”
The complaining letters, almost exclusively from women, expressed objections to the commercial because it was misogynistic and otherwise offensive as well. Many of these unsatisfied customers said that they would not buy the brand because of the offensive commercial and because it was demeaning to women. On the one hand, the brand was doing well; it was the brand leader in a growing market, though a much larger competing company was quite capable of beating Kide.
Ayush was a believer in the profit motive, but not at the cost of condoning unethical behaviour. He had been asked to make a recommendation for the commercial. After reviewing the sales data and reading the letters of complaint, Ayush was contemplating his next move. He analysed data which showed that the primary decision makers and purchasers of the product were women. Part of the reason for Kide’s success was believed to be the advertising message, which not only had a high level of recall but a high level of association with the brand. Ayush wondered if, in spite of its apparent success, it was ethical to continue with the advertising message if it was misogynistic.

Question 23

Ayush reported to Neha Singh, the marketing head, and would provide recommendations to her. Neha was a capable, promising executive who did not like the Kide commercial. She proclaimed that she would never buy the brand because the message was offensive and asked Ayush to change the message. But Ayush was not strongly in favour of the idea. He was worried about how the new message might affect Kide’s standing in the market.
What is the best course of action for Ayush?

Instructions

Read the information given below carefully and answer the questions which follow.
The pollution level in the city of Delhi is at an all time high. Environmentalists are terming it to be at highly dangerous levels. The chief minister of Delhi appoints a committee to assess the gravity of the situation and present its report. After several meetings the committee arrives at a few possible measures to bring down the pollution levels in the city. One of them is to decrease the use of private vehicles in the city. Another is to have a body which will monitor the pollution caused due to factories and will impose appropriate penalty on factories which are not using standard measures to reduce pollution. One more recommendation by the committee is to stop the waste disposal into rivers. Another recommendation of the committee is to increase the land under forest cover to improve the air quality in the city. The committee submits its report to the chief minister and its up to the chief minister to decide how to implement these recommendations.

Question 24

The committee which monitors the pollution by factories comes to know about a factory whose emission of harmful pollutants is way above the permitted levels. They give a warning to the factory to bring it down. However, in another inspection after 1 month, the level did not come down. The committee writes to the chief minister to cancel the license of the factory. The owner of the factory is a renowned industrialist who funds the chief ministers political party in elections. What should the chief minister of Delhi do?

Question 25

The chief minister hires a NcKenzie, a private consulting firm, to suggest ways to reduce the number of private vehicles in the city. The firm presents its report to the chief minister. It suggested 5 different ways for reducing the number of possible vehicles. Elections are due in Delhi after 6 months. Which of the following measures suggested by NcKenzie should the Chief Minister of Delhi opt for?

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Mr. Bhairav, a businessman specializing in malls, resorts and amusement park is planning to build a new amusement park, Fun City, which is 35 km away from Ahmedabad. Mr. Bhairav has already invested in such projects earlier but none of them was able to attract kids. Therefore, to attract kids, he plans to build the amusement park with facilities and events such as- Go Kart, Aqua Loop, Balloon Ride etc. which are very popular among kids.

Question 26

Fun City reported good number of visitors in the first two months. But after that the number of visitors suddenly dropped to almost zero.
Which of the following is most likely the reason behind this fall?

Instructions

Abhishek , a lead supervisor in the manufacturing department has just received word of a squabble between one of his junior supervisors, Ashok, a recent hard working college graduate, and Rajeev, a veteran machine operator. Ashok’s group had been working on an order for a major customer. Ashok had set up a work schedule and job assignments which Rajeev, through experience, knew would not get the order out on time. Rajeev suggested a different sequence which Ashok dismissed without discussion. The group began the order using Ashok’s setup, but Rajeev switched everyone over the minute Ashok left the area.
The order was finished, on time, without further incident. Ashok later discovered the “mutiny,” however, and had a loud confrontation with Rajeev in front of the entire group. Abhishek has reviewed the two work schedules and, indeed, Ashok’s assignments would not have gotten the order out on time. Since the customer uses a Just-in-Time inventory system, such a slip-up would probably have cost Abhishek’s company any future business with the customer. On the other hand, Abhishek knows that a failure to support Ashok will cause an immediate loss of credibility throughout the entire department.

Question 27

What should Abhshik do in the short term regarding the altercation between Ashok and Rajeev?

Instructions

Since two years, Balu is working in a software company, Axis Software Pvt. Ltd., as a Software Engineer. Due to the recent death of his father, he is the sole earning member of his family. He is awaiting his promotion to a Senior Software Engineer as the improved pay would make the financial position of his family better. Balu reports to his manager Amit, who is off late under pressure as his performance review is due and his team has been unable to meet the targets set for this year.


During his time at Axis Software, Balu in his free time has developed a software which would efficiently streamline the leave processes of all the employees in the company. One day Balu has shared the details of this software, in person, to his manager Amit hoping it would make his way clear for a promotion. Amit, after testing the software has found it to be very good and now is thinking of presenting it as his own, in his performance review so as to make it benefit him. He thinks he can easily convince Balu with this plan by giving him a promotion and also a salary raise of 30%.

Question 28

Amit has now informed Balu that he will present Balu’s software as his own and in return will grant Balu a raise and promotion. What should Balu do now?

Question 29

Which of the following actions is the most helpful for Amit?

Instructions

Answer the given questions based on the passage given below:
Xomi mobiles is an Indian subsidiary of the Japanese mobile manufacturer, Spiz mobiles. In 2015, due to increased competition the sales and profits of Xomi mobiles decreased. To attract more value conscious Indian customers, Spiz mobiles plans to release its new mobile variant, X55. In order to boost its sales the company announced the launch of the mobile 3 months before schedule. But due to the prolonged strikes in one of its manufacturing plant in India, the company was unable to launch the product on time in India. Thus, the company launched the mobile in Japan only where the mobile received overwhelming response. X 55 was able to capture 20% of the market which was much more than expected. The Indian customers who were awaiting the launch of X55 in India became increasing unhappy due to the non-availability of the phone in India. Xomi’s dealers are worried about the loss of business from the customers who might switch to other brands.

Question 30

Mr. Abhishek who was an wholesale mobile dealer from Calcutta experienced the advanced features and amazing design of X55 during his visit to Japan. Since the phone are locked he could not buy the X55 mobiles for use in India. He was willing to deposit an approximate price of the X55 to buy the first thousand available units from Mr. Roshan, another wholesale dealer who had the exclusive rights to sell Xiomi mobiles in Calcutta. Xiomi mobiles is yet to announce the actual price of the mobiles. In order to maximize his cash flow, Mr.Roshan should

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions which follow.
David was recently promoted to the position of Joint secretary in the operations department of a NSRO, a space research organization. Bob, who is the secretary and Joe’s supervisor, calls him to his office for a meeting. He tells him that the director of the organization has received a complaint from some employee that the new system that was bought at a huge price is not working as it was claimed by the seller and it’s performance is nowhere close to expectations. David has been aware that the system’s actual performance is really as described in the complaint letter. David had informed Bob about this issue before. However, despite David’s opinion, Bob continued to support the new systems and provided positive reviews to the director. The director has asked Bob for a clarification on the complaint. Bob asks David to draft a reply which should say that the system is performing as projected and that all savings portrayed in the original justification documents are being achieved. He also says the documentation provided with his reply should support those statements. ` David is not happy with this directive. He feels that upper management is being misinformed in the interest of protecting a questionable decision. He approaches Bob with his concern. However, Bob is dismissive of his concerns and says that if he does not provide the reply as requested, he will have serious doubts about his ability to perform the functions of the vice president of the department. David has worked hard to achieve this position and is very worried about his statement.

Question 31

David gets to know that Bob actually had an agreement with the providers of new system where the company paid him 10% of the cost on every system bought by NSRO.
What should David do in this case?

Instructions

Read the information given below and answer the questions which follow.
The disciplinary committee of a college is meeting in a case of ragging. The prime accused in the case is Kundan who is in police custody and his request for bail has been rejected. Atul, a close friend of Kundan is claiming that Kundan is innocent and alleged charges have been leveled because of personal animosity between the two. Atul is a very popular personality in college and he is a very close friend of Kundan. The media is blaming him of influencing the witnesses to protect his friend. Harsh criticism of the incident in the media is tarnishing the college’s image. However, most of the college students feel that Kundan is innocent given that he has never been involved in any wrongdoing. So any harsh decision may instigate protests from the students which will severely damage the college’s reputation.

Question 32

Which of the following actions would have the most adverse effect on both the College and Atul?

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions which follow.
David was recently promoted to the position of Joint secretary in the operations department of a NSRO, a space research organization. Bob, who is the secretary and Joe’s supervisor, calls him to his office for a meeting. He tells him that the director of the organization has received a complaint from some employee that the new system that was bought at a huge price is not working as it was claimed by the seller and it’s performance is nowhere close to expectations. David has been aware that the system’s actual performance is really as described in the complaint letter. David had informed Bob about this issue before. However, despite David’s opinion, Bob continued to support the new systems and provided positive reviews to the director. The director has asked Bob for a clarification on the complaint. Bob asks David to draft a reply which should say that the system is performing as projected and that all savings portrayed in the original justification documents are being achieved. He also says the documentation provided with his reply should support those statements. ` David is not happy with this directive. He feels that upper management is being misinformed in the interest of protecting a questionable decision. He approaches Bob with his concern. However, Bob is dismissive of his concerns and says that if he does not provide the reply as requested, he will have serious doubts about his ability to perform the functions of the vice president of the department. David has worked hard to achieve this position and is very worried about his statement.

Question 33

Which of the following is the best course of action for David?

Instructions

Read the information given below and answer the questions which follow.
Zaytm is an online recharge company. Recently, it introduced a feature of online wallet where you can store your money. The company has expanded manifold in the past few months and had tied up with several businesses which started accepting payments from zaytm wallet. The company spent large amounts to acquire customers by running various discounts and cash back offers. Now the company has done away with the discount offers. Another company, karorecharge, whose business model is similar to that of Zaytm has entered the market. It is running massive offers to acquire customers. Because of karorecharge’s offers, Zaytm has started to lose a lot of its customers.

Question 34

Which of the following would be the best course of action for Zaytm?

Instructions

Read the information given below and answer the questions which follow.
Malibaba is a Japanese e-commerce company. In the annual meeting of the board of directors, it is decided that company will expand its business overseas. They want to invest in at least 1 Asian country. The company forms a committee to analyze the market situation in various Asian countries. The committee studies the market conditions in developing Asian countries and boiled down its search to 3 different countries. The pros and cons for each of the countries are listed in a report which the committee submits to the board of directors. India is one of the prospective countries where Malibaba plans to invest. However, the country has restrictions on FDI in retail market. Moreover, there are already existing players like klipkart and napdeal in the Indian market. Another prospective country is Sri Lanka where there is no existing competitor but the market reach is low. In comparison to India’s 1.2 billion, the population of Sri Lanka is merely 20 million. The third prospective country is Pakistan. This country has a reasonably good market and there’s no competition . However, the country is not well developed and thus the purchasing power of the people is low. Moreover, because of being called a terrorist hub, there are also security concerns in Pakistan.

Question 35

Sri Lankan government is providing incentives for the foreign companies investing in the country. Malibaba wants to invest in only one country. Most of the board members are in favour of investing in India while some of them want to invest in Sri Lanka. Which of the following reasons will convince the other members to invest in India?

Instructions

In a valid lottery ticket six unique numbers are present such that they follow the conditions given below.
Condition 1: Each of the six numbers in a valid lottery ticket is greater than 1000.
Condition 2: The GCD of any two numbers in a valid lottery ticket is greater than 5.
Condition 3: Atleast one digit is common between any two consecutive numbers in a valid lottery ticket.
Condition 4: Not more than 3 numbers start with the same digit in a valid lottery ticket.
Condition 5: Atleast 4 consecutive numbers are in ascending order.

Question 36

Which of the following is not a valid lottery ticket?

Instructions

For the following questions answer them individually

Question 37

Rohit, a senior auditor at E&Z;, is working with a team which is auditing Specific Motors, which is one of the major clients of the firm. During the audit, Rohit finds a cut-off error which causes Specific Motors’ revenues to be significantly misstated. Rohit is aware that the E&Z;’s policy clearly states that an auditor must report any potential adjustment in the work papers. The final determination of materiality is then made by the partner in charge of the audit.
Rohit also knows that Specific Motors is reluctant to make the adjustment. Vikal, the audit manager, tells Rohit “We will not mention this adjustment in the work papers. Since Specific Motors is closely held and there are no tax implications. The partner has decided not to force an adjustment. Specific Motors is our largest client.” Rohit is concerned. Failure to document such a material amount just does not seem right to him.

How should he approach this ethical dilemma?

Instructions

Ajay was thinking deeply about a problem that his organization, a business consulting company, faced.

Globalization had affected his company like many other companies. Despite the downturn, the current revenues remained healthy. However, Ajay knew it was inevitable that the company could not do business the same way. The complexity of managing the business had increased with time. Consultants were under pressure to deliver good and innovative solutions. The organization had consultants from different age groups having a good mix of domain and industry expertise. It was a flat organization with three levels.

The biggest challenge for Ajay was to have consultants with latest knowledge who would also earn revenues. Getting additional business was a challenge as all the consultants were busy and it was very difficult to hire new consultants.

Question 38

Ajay was to retire in five years and he wanted to leave behind a legacy. Order the following activities, from the most important to the least important, that Ajay should undertake, in next five year:

1) Do nothing.

2) Set a future direction for the organization in these challenging times.

3) Benchmark performance with respect to the best consulting company in industry.

4) Empower senior consultants and at the same time seek opinion of all others for handling future challenges.

5) Infuse fresh thinking by hiring outsiders. Choose the best option from the following sequences

Instructions

Mr. Prasad, HR Manager of service based e-commerce company, has received two complaints on Mr. Saurav citing his inefficiency at work. So, Mr. Prasad decided to talk to Saurav regarding his performance and invited saurav to his cabin. In their meeting Mr. Prasad reminded Saurav that he is very important to the organization and have to perform well to reach the expectations of his colleagues and his manager. And he also mentioned that he will continue to monitor Saurav’s performance and would like to terminate him if he continues to perform dismally.

Question 39

In the next two weeks after their meeting, Saurav performed exceptionally well. And Mr. Prasad gave a positive remark that he was impressed by Saurav’s performance and re-affirmed Saurav that he is valuable to the organization. But, by that time Saurav already accepted a job offer from ABC Company, which he is going to join after two months.
Which among the following options is the best move by Saurav?

Instructions

Anil started his career as a software developer in a product based IT firm. After working for three years, he started an e-commerce website freetm. He recruited Tarun as his assistant. Tarun is very hardworking in nature and showed a great interest towards learning different technologies. Soon he became well versed with all the technologies the company freetm use. Anil impressed with Tarun’s hardworking nature and raised his position from assistant to assistant technology officer.
Since freetm is an e-commerce company, it mainly relies on the technologies they use. The man behind the successful technological operations was the chief technology officer, Karthik. Freetm emerged quickly in the market by expanding its subscriber base from 1 million to 10 million in just one year and it also introduced freetm wallet, which became India’s largest payment service platform. As government announced demonetization, there was a surge in the usage digital services. So, freetm experienced a fourfold increase in number of transactions. Things were moving satisfactorily until Karthik resigned because of some health problems. This happened when Anil was busy introducing another important feature to the website. In order to make things going, Anil appointed Tarun as chief technological officer with a salary appraisal.

Question 40

Tarun few months after the promotion became lax and delaying so many important tasks. Tarun wasn’t focusing on his sub ordinates’ working efficiency anymore. When Anil asked him about his inefficiency, he explained that he was busy solving some personal problems and asked Anil for two months leave to solve his problems.
If you were in Anil’s place, what would be your decision?

Instructions

Ajay was thinking deeply about a problem that his organization, a business consulting company, faced.

Globalization had affected his company like many other companies. Despite the downturn, the current revenues remained healthy. However, Ajay knew it was inevitable that the company could not do business the same way. The complexity of managing the business had increased with time. Consultants were under pressure to deliver good and innovative solutions. The organization had consultants from different age groups having a good mix of domain and industry expertise. It was a flat organization with three levels.

The biggest challenge for Ajay was to have consultants with latest knowledge who would also earn revenues. Getting additional business was a challenge as all the consultants were busy and it was very difficult to hire new consultants.

Question 41

After Ajay implemented some of the steps mentioned above, consultants wanted to renegotiate their contract with the organization. It seems that the organization had never mentioned that consultants have to work across industries and domains. Some of the old consultants were reluctant to change their ways, while many of the younger consultants were willing to follow Ajay's advice. Which of the following decision can be taken by Ajay to handle this situation?

Instructions

Read the information given below and answer the questions which follow.
Zaytm is an online recharge company. Recently, it introduced a feature of online wallet where you can store your money. The company has expanded manifold in the past few months and had tied up with several businesses which started accepting payments from zaytm wallet. The company spent large amounts to acquire customers by running various discounts and cash back offers. Now the company has done away with the discount offers. Another company, karorecharge, whose business model is similar to that of Zaytm has entered the market. It is running massive offers to acquire customers. Because of karorecharge’s offers, Zaytm has started to lose a lot of its customers.

Question 42

Zaytm wants to buy Karorecharge, so the founder of the Zaytm approaches the founder of Karorecharge. The founder of karorecharge is willing to sell his company, however he has to convince his investors for that. Which of the following reasons is likely to convince the investors to sell the company?

Instructions

Abhishek , a lead supervisor in the manufacturing department has just received word of a squabble between one of his junior supervisors, Ashok, a recent hard working college graduate, and Rajeev, a veteran machine operator. Ashok’s group had been working on an order for a major customer. Ashok had set up a work schedule and job assignments which Rajeev, through experience, knew would not get the order out on time. Rajeev suggested a different sequence which Ashok dismissed without discussion. The group began the order using Ashok’s setup, but Rajeev switched everyone over the minute Ashok left the area.
The order was finished, on time, without further incident. Ashok later discovered the “mutiny,” however, and had a loud confrontation with Rajeev in front of the entire group. Abhishek has reviewed the two work schedules and, indeed, Ashok’s assignments would not have gotten the order out on time. Since the customer uses a Just-in-Time inventory system, such a slip-up would probably have cost Abhishek’s company any future business with the customer. On the other hand, Abhishek knows that a failure to support Ashok will cause an immediate loss of credibility throughout the entire department.

Question 43

Abhishek decided to admonish Ashok and make him apologize to Rajeev. Ashok was initially not satisfied with Abhishek’s decision but after some time he let go of his emotions and decided to focus on the project at hand. Which of the following would be the reason that he decided to do so?

Instructions

Read the information given below and answer the questions which follow.
Malibaba is a Japanese e-commerce company. In the annual meeting of the board of directors, it is decided that company will expand its business overseas. They want to invest in at least 1 Asian country. The company forms a committee to analyze the market situation in various Asian countries. The committee studies the market conditions in developing Asian countries and boiled down its search to 3 different countries. The pros and cons for each of the countries are listed in a report which the committee submits to the board of directors. India is one of the prospective countries where Malibaba plans to invest. However, the country has restrictions on FDI in retail market. Moreover, there are already existing players like klipkart and napdeal in the Indian market. Another prospective country is Sri Lanka where there is no existing competitor but the market reach is low. In comparison to India’s 1.2 billion, the population of Sri Lanka is merely 20 million. The third prospective country is Pakistan. This country has a reasonably good market and there’s no competition . However, the country is not well developed and thus the purchasing power of the people is low. Moreover, because of being called a terrorist hub, there are also security concerns in Pakistan.

Question 44

The company has finally decided to invest in India. However, the FDI restriction laws prevent the company from entering the Indian market in its current form. Which of the following would be the best option for the company in such a scenario?

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Cheque kiting was on the rise, which according to many experts was due to bad economy in the past year. Customers were taking advantage of the bank’s policy of not waiting until deposited cheques had cleared before allowing the customers to money in cash. A cheque kiter deposited a bad cheque of another bank in Vipul’s bank. Then he/she wrote a cheque from Vipul’s bank to cover the cheque from the other bank, and so on. In short, cheque kiters were able to withdraw money that they didn’t have and cover it up with a series of bad cheques. However, Kiting wasn’t that easy--it required a steady stream of precisely timed cheques--and it was easy to spot the frequent identical deposits and withdrawals when you looked at the statements.
Vipul recognized the name on the cheque as that of his close personal friend. He certainly hadn’t thought she was dishonest, it didn’t surprise him that she might be having financial difficulties, as she always did. It was tough when a friend put you in this situation. What made it tougher, though, was that she was involved in an off again, on-again personal relationship with Vipul’s boss, and Vipul wasn’t sure whether they were involved or not at the moment. She was also a senior manager of the bank on which she was writing cheques, which precisely explains how she was able to time her cheques so well. In a situation of cheque kiting, Vipul normally documented the case and gave the information to his boss. Then Vipul closed the account at his bank, intimated the customer, and notified the other bank that the bad cheque was being returned. Whoever caught the kiter first was able to pass the losses on to someone else. Cheque kiting was illegal, but no so much for the local Police. Whenever Vipul reported such issue, they had always told him they weren’t interested.

Question 45

What should Vipul do in such a situation?

Instructions

Indian textile industry is facing stiff completion from Sri Lankan textile Industry as Sri Lanka is taking advantage of the unilateral tariff preference scheme called GSP granted to developing countries by the UN. India, which was also a beneficiary of the scheme has been graduated out of the GSP from 01.01.2015 for textiles and some other products. The graduation out of countries is done by the UN based on the criterion of trade share. Because of this change, locally produced cotton clothes by Indian farmers which constituted majority of the Indian textile Industry is being replaced by clothes made of Alpaca fibre which is usually grown only in Sri Lanka. The Indian cotton industry still uses outdated technologies for production which has resulted in pushing the prices of cotton fibre still higher.

Question 46

To stem the fall in foreign currency reserves due to the import of Alpaca fibre clothes and to encourage domestic cotton farmers, the government is considering some measures.
1. Negotiate with UN to allow India to be a part of the GSP scheme again.
2. Give high subsidy to farmers growing Alpaca fibre
3. Provide subsidies to businesses to start new cotton textile plants
4. Provide subsidies on diesel, machinery tools and establish call centre for providing support or information to farmers who want to grow cotton fibre
Which of the following would help in improving the situation?

Instructions

Krishna Reddy was the head of a pharmaceutical company that was trying to develop a new product.

Reddy, along with his friend Prabhakar Rao, assessed that such products had mixed success. Reddy and Rao realized that if a new product (a drug) was a success, it may result in sales of 100 crores but if it is unsuccessful, the sales may be only 20 crores. They further assessed that a new drug was likely to be successful 50% of times.

Cost of launching the new drug was likely to be 50 crores.

Question 47

How much profit can the company expect to earn if it launches the new drug (suppose there are no additional costs)?

Instructions

Sri Ramaiya College is a private engineering college with a national reputation for quality and innovation in curriculum and learning design. Recent rumors hint at serious emerging financial problems, in sharp contrast with the institution’s century of stable financial history. Srinivasa Reddy , Ramaiya’s controller, has scheduled a news conference for noon today. His objective is to get the financial problem rumors stopped by providing the news media with the necessary data and information. Mr. Srninivas’s aide, Prajith Kumar, discovers an interesting situation while preparing for the news conference: there are significant differences between the board-approved budget and the budget currently being used. In fact, the current budget includes approximately Rs 10 lakhs in additional expenditures that do not appear in the budget formally approved by the governing board. “I don’t want anyone else to get hold of this information, Prajith,” directs Mr. Srinivas. “Get a copy of our actual operating budget, and substitute it for the one attached to the board minutes giving approval. No one will know. The board members can’t remember details of the budget they approved. The public’s perception is more important than those details, and I’ve got to deal with a perception problem at that news conference today.” Prajith hesitatingly starts to speak but is cut short by Mr. Taylor’s directive: “OK, let’s get to it!”

Question 48

In this given situation what is the best course of action by Prajith?

Instructions

Four professors - Mukherjee, Banerjee, Bhatnagar and Iyengar - take classes on the first five days of a week. Each day, there is one class in the morning and one class in the evening. The following conditions have to be met:

Prof. Banerjee takes classes on exactly 3 mornings. If Prof. Banerjee takes a class on Monday, he does not take a class on Tuesday. Prof. Mukherjee takes evening classes on exactly two consecutive days, but not on Thursday. Prof. Bhatnagar takes classes on exactly one morning and three afternoons. Prof. Iyengar takes classes on exactly one morning. On Friday, neither Prof. Mukherjee nor Prof. Banerjee takes classes.

Question 49

Which of the following must be a day on which Prof. Mukherjee takes a class?

Instructions

Rajinder Singh was 32 years old from the small town of Bhathinda, Punjab. Most of the families living there had middle class incomes, with about 10% of the population living below the poverty level. The population consisted of 10 percent small traders, 30 percent farmers, besides others. Rajinder liked growing up in Bhathinda, where people knew and cared about each other. Even as a youngster it was clear that Rajinder was smart and ambitious. Neighbors would often say, "Someday you're going to make us proud!" He always had a job growing up at Singh's General Store - Uncle Balwant's store. Balwant was a well intentioned person. Rajinder loved being at the store and not just because Balwant paid him well. He liked helping customers, most of who were known by the nicknames. Setting up displays and changing the merchandise for different seasons and holidays was always exciting. Uncle Balwant had one child and off late, his interest in business had declined. But he had taught Rajinder 'the ins and outs of retailing'. He had taught Rajinder everything, including ordering merchandise, putting on a sale, customer relations, and keeping the books. The best part about working at the store was Balwant himself. Balwant loved the store as much as Rajinder did. Balwant had set up the store with a mission to make sure his neighbors got everything they needed at a fair price. He carried a wide variety of goods, based on the needs of the community. If you needed a snow shovel or piece of jewelry for your wife, it was no problem - Singh's had it all. Rajinder was impressed by Balwant's way of handling and caring for customers. If somebody was going through "hard times", Balwant somehow knew it. When they came into the store, Balwant would make them feel comfortable, and say something like, "you know Jaswant, let's put everything on credit today". This kind of generosity made it easy to understand why Balwant was loved and respected throughout the community.

Rajinder grew up and went to school and college in Bhathinda. Later on, he made it to an MBA program in Delhi. Rajinder did well in the MBA course and was goal oriented. After first year of his MBA, the career advisor and Balwant advised Rajinder for an internship at Bigmart. That summer, Rajinder was amazed by the breadth and comprehensiveness of the internship experience. Rajinder got inspired by the life story of the founder of Bigmart, and the values the founder held. Bigmart was one of the best companies in the world.

The people that Rajinder worked for at Bigmart during the internship noticed Rajinder's work ethic, knowledge, and enthusiasm for the business. Before the summer ended, Rajinder had been offered a job as a Management Trainee by Bigmart, to start upon graduation. Balwant was happy to see Rajinder succeed.

Even for Rajinder, this was a dream job - holding the opportunity to move up the ranks in a big company. Rajinder did indeed move up the ranks quickly, from management trainee, to assistant store manager, to store manager, to supervising manager of three stores, to the present position - Real Estate Manager, North India. This job involved locating new sites within targeted locations and community relations. One day Rajinder was eagerly looking forward to the next assignment. When he received email for the same, his world came crashing down. He was asked to identify next site in Bhathinda. It was not that Rajinder didn't believe in Bigmart's expansion. What was printed in the popular press, especially the business press, only reinforced Rajinder's belief in Bigmart. An executive viewed as one of the wisest business persons in the world was quoted as saying, "Bigmart had been a major force in improving the quality of life for the average consumer around the world, offering great prices on goods, giving them one stop solution for almost everything." Many big farmers also benefitted as Bigmart's supply chain facilities helped reducing the waste. Consumers also benefitted through low prices, as middlemen were removed. At the same time, Rajinder knew that opening a new Bigmart could disrupt small businesses in Bhathinda. Some local stores in small towns often went out of business within a year of the Bigmart's opening. In Bhathinda, one of those local stores was Singh's, now run by Balwant's son, although Balwant still came in every day to "straighten out the merchandise." As Rajinder thought about this assignment, depression set in, and nightmares followed. Rajinder was frozen in time and space. Rajinder's nightmares involved Balwant screaming something - although Rajinder could not make out what Balwant was saying. This especially troubled Rajinder, since Balwant never raised his voice. Rajinder didn't know what to do - who might be helpful? Rajinder's spouse, who was a housewife? Maybe talking it through could lead to some positive course of action. Rajinder's boss? Would Bigmart understand? Could Rajinder really disclose the conflict without fear? Uncle Balwant? Should Rajinder disclose the situation and ask for advice? He wanted a solution that would make all stakeholders happy.

Question 50

Who is the best person for Rajinder to talk to?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

It was the end of the performance review cycle for the year 2012 when you asked your subordinates about any problems they were facing. Natrajan told you that an important member of his team, Vardarajan, who had also won the best performance award for the year 2011, was not taking interest in work. Despite Natrajan’s counseling, no change was noticed in Vardarajan, rather his attitude deteriorated. You had also received such information from other employees. You had not interfered hoping that Natrajan, an experienced hand, would be able to solve the problem. But now that Natrajan himself brought this to your notice, you decided to call Vardarajan and counsel him.

Question 51

You overheard a conversation between Vardarajan and his colleague over an official dinner. He expressed his unhappiness about the fact that good performers were not given their due credit while poor performers were promoted faster. If Vardarajan is right, which of the following steps would help in creating better organization?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

Island of growth was witnessing a rapid increase in GDP. Its citizens had become wealthier in recent times, and there had been a considerable improvement in the standard of living. However, this rapid growth had increased nepotism on the Island. In the recent times, a fear had gripped the population that corruption would destroy the inclusive nature of the society and hinder economic progress. However, most citizens had kept quiet because: a. They had benefited from the corruption indirectly, if not directly. b. They did not have time and energy to protest. c. They did not have courage to rise against the established power centers.

There was a need to remove corruption but no one was willing to stick his neck out. Many politicians, bureaucrats and private organisations were corrupt. Media and intellectuals kept quiet as they benefited indirectly from corruption. The common man was scared of the state’s retribution and the youngsters feared an insecure future.

Against this background, an old, unmarried and illiterate of high moral and ethical authority, Shambhu, decided to take on the issue of corruption. He sat on a hunger strike in the heart of the capital city of the Island. Shambhu demanded that the Government should constitute new laws to punish the corrupt across all walks of life. Media and the citizens of the island gave massive support to Shambhu. Buckling under the pressure, the Government promised to accept Shambhu’s demands. He ended the hunger strike immediately following the Government’s announcement. Shambhu became the darling of the media. He used this opportunity as a platform to spread the message that only citizens with an unblemished character should be allowed to hold a public office. A few months later, it was found that the government had not fulfilled any of its promises made to Shambhu. Infuriated, he was thinking of launching another island-wide protest. However, this time, he sensed that not many people and media person were willing to support him.

Question 52

Read the following statements:

1) People’s latent anger against corruption
2) Shambhu’s moral courage
3) Hungry media looking to raise issues
4) Rising income level

In your opinion, which combination of the above statements is the most unlikely reason for Shambhu’s initial success?

Instructions

Sridhar, an NRI who just returned back to India from USA, is an aspiring businessman who lives in Vijayawada. Vijayawada has a population of 10 lakhs with one of the highest per capita income among India cities. Sridhar is an avid cricket enthusiast. One day he wondered if he could mix his passion with business. Some days later, he came across an advertisement from Sports Today, which called for expression of interest from potential franchisees. Vijayawada did not have a single good cricket academy where young children can be moulded to become future cricket players.

Sports Today wanted the potential franchisees to own minimum 12000 square yards space and invest Rs.50 lakhs. While Sridhar was excited about working with a renowned brand, he was worried if Rs. 50 lakhs was too high an amount to shell out. He did not have the entire amount with him and was thinking of borrowing from the bank. He made enquiries with other Sports Today franchisees located in towns like Nagpur and Trichy, as he expected similar interest among people in a cricket academy. A franchisee in Nagpur had sales revenue varying from 1-2 lakhs rupees per month with profit margin in the range of 20- 25%. Satisfied, Sridhar decided to proceed.

Soon, he was on a look out for the space. Vijayawada had three main areas – Auto Nagar, Krishna Lanka and Machavaram. All areas were inter-connected by good roads. Auto Nagar was a business area where most of High end retail formats were located. Most upper middle class and higher class people were living there. It was also the education hub of the city. On the other hand, Krishna Lanka was a growing Lower middle class business area and Machavaram had mostly residential population.

Sridhar was in favour of choosing Auto Nagar as it was the place which seemed to be the best option. However, he soon stumbled across problems. Not only it was difficult to obtain space in Auto Nagar but property Rentals touched 3-4 rupees per square yard per month. Rentals at Krishna Lanka and Machavaram were in the Range of 1-2 rupees per square yard per month. Also, Sridhar’s friend, who stayed in Krishna Lanka, told him that there was a growing interest in cricket in Krishna Lanka and it seemed to be the fastest growing market in Vijayawada, with highest ratio of teenagers. But, Sridhar was not in favour of Krishna Lanka due to its low image. He expected to target school and college going crowd in Auto Nagar.

High real estate prices in Auto Nagar and his low assessment of Krishna Lanka market created confusion in Sridhar’s mind.

Question 53

What is the best way for Sridhar to resolve his confusion?

Instructions

Two years ago, the Tamil Nadu Ranji cricket team saw differences between few players and the captain due to disagreement on small issue. The team manager complained to the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association (TNCA) that these differences have arisen due to poor management of the players by the Captain. To deal with issue, TNCA has started a training program for the Captain and Vice-Captain of Tamil Nadu Ranji cricket team. The coach Kamal Hassan was responsible for this program. The aim of this program was to train the captain and vice-captain of the team, with emphasis on soft skills on how to handle the other players of the team. One day Kamal Hassan received an e-mail from Rajni Kanth, the team manager.

Dear Kamal,
As you know, there was an issue with Vijayakanth, the vice-captain, in the last team meeting. He had a heated argument with Dhanush, one of the newer players. In front of the entire team, Vijayakanth has asked for an apology from Dhanush. So, in light of Vijayakanth’s outburst in the team meeting, it looks like the captain and vice-captain are not getting much benefit from your training program. So the board is scrap the program. If you want to save your training program, you need to improve it and make it effective.
From,
Rajni Kanth,
Team Manager.

Question 54

In the wake of the Vijayakanth incident, it can be said that Kamal Hassan is not capable of managing the training program.
The above conclusion is?

Instructions

Rajinder Singh was 32 years old from the small town of Bhathinda, Punjab. Most of the families living there had middle class incomes, with about 10% of the population living below the poverty level. The population consisted of 10 percent small traders, 30 percent farmers, besides others. Rajinder liked growing up in Bhathinda, where people knew and cared about each other. Even as a youngster it was clear that Rajinder was smart and ambitious. Neighbors would often say, "Someday you're going to make us proud!" He always had a job growing up at Singh's General Store - Uncle Balwant's store. Balwant was a well intentioned person. Rajinder loved being at the store and not just because Balwant paid him well. He liked helping customers, most of who were known by the nicknames. Setting up displays and changing the merchandise for different seasons and holidays was always exciting. Uncle Balwant had one child and off late, his interest in business had declined. But he had taught Rajinder 'the ins and outs of retailing'. He had taught Rajinder everything, including ordering merchandise, putting on a sale, customer relations, and keeping the books. The best part about working at the store was Balwant himself. Balwant loved the store as much as Rajinder did. Balwant had set up the store with a mission to make sure his neighbors got everything they needed at a fair price. He carried a wide variety of goods, based on the needs of the community. If you needed a snow shovel or piece of jewelry for your wife, it was no problem - Singh's had it all. Rajinder was impressed by Balwant's way of handling and caring for customers. If somebody was going through "hard times", Balwant somehow knew it. When they came into the store, Balwant would make them feel comfortable, and say something like, "you know Jaswant, let's put everything on credit today". This kind of generosity made it easy to understand why Balwant was loved and respected throughout the community.

Rajinder grew up and went to school and college in Bhathinda. Later on, he made it to an MBA program in Delhi. Rajinder did well in the MBA course and was goal oriented. After first year of his MBA, the career advisor and Balwant advised Rajinder for an internship at Bigmart. That summer, Rajinder was amazed by the breadth and comprehensiveness of the internship experience. Rajinder got inspired by the life story of the founder of Bigmart, and the values the founder held. Bigmart was one of the best companies in the world.

The people that Rajinder worked for at Bigmart during the internship noticed Rajinder's work ethic, knowledge, and enthusiasm for the business. Before the summer ended, Rajinder had been offered a job as a Management Trainee by Bigmart, to start upon graduation. Balwant was happy to see Rajinder succeed.

Even for Rajinder, this was a dream job - holding the opportunity to move up the ranks in a big company. Rajinder did indeed move up the ranks quickly, from management trainee, to assistant store manager, to store manager, to supervising manager of three stores, to the present position - Real Estate Manager, North India. This job involved locating new sites within targeted locations and community relations. One day Rajinder was eagerly looking forward to the next assignment. When he received email for the same, his world came crashing down. He was asked to identify next site in Bhathinda. It was not that Rajinder didn't believe in Bigmart's expansion. What was printed in the popular press, especially the business press, only reinforced Rajinder's belief in Bigmart. An executive viewed as one of the wisest business persons in the world was quoted as saying, "Bigmart had been a major force in improving the quality of life for the average consumer around the world, offering great prices on goods, giving them one stop solution for almost everything." Many big farmers also benefitted as Bigmart's supply chain facilities helped reducing the waste. Consumers also benefitted through low prices, as middlemen were removed. At the same time, Rajinder knew that opening a new Bigmart could disrupt small businesses in Bhathinda. Some local stores in small towns often went out of business within a year of the Bigmart's opening. In Bhathinda, one of those local stores was Singh's, now run by Balwant's son, although Balwant still came in every day to "straighten out the merchandise." As Rajinder thought about this assignment, depression set in, and nightmares followed. Rajinder was frozen in time and space. Rajinder's nightmares involved Balwant screaming something - although Rajinder could not make out what Balwant was saying. This especially troubled Rajinder, since Balwant never raised his voice. Rajinder didn't know what to do - who might be helpful? Rajinder's spouse, who was a housewife? Maybe talking it through could lead to some positive course of action. Rajinder's boss? Would Bigmart understand? Could Rajinder really disclose the conflict without fear? Uncle Balwant? Should Rajinder disclose the situation and ask for advice? He wanted a solution that would make all stakeholders happy.

Question 55

After deliberation with many people and a lot of research, Rajinder came across a study published in leading journal, which stated that most local farmers benefited because Bigmart bought agricultural produce directly from the farmers. Which of the following actions would you prefer Rajinder to take, after he got this fresh information?

Instructions

Intercontinental Business Manufacturing (IBM) was doing a roaring business. Demand of the products was high and supply of raw-material was abundant. IBM was manufacturing three different products. Some customers bought two types of products and some bought only one. The three products were "quickie quick", "run-of-the-mill", and "maxi-max". Customers were not complaining loudly.

Ram, the product manager, was confused! Demand for "quickie-quick" was increasing. Raw material suppliers wanted to supply lower quality at cheaper price. It was profitable for the company to increase production. Quality department was not happy with the product. Ram met Rahim, the CEO, who, as always, wanted higher profits. He said that IBM will set up a committee for improving the quality.

Question 56

Some of the managers in production department were discussing the problems faced in shipping products in time. They complained that they had to undertake responsibility of creating financial and marketing plans in addition to responsibility of production planning. At the same time, finance and marketing managers were to be involved in preparing production plans. It was expected that this will reduce customer complaints. It was rumored that these changes were initiated by the managers educated in the U.S. Which of the following is the best possible course of action available to the affected managers?

Instructions

Krishna Reddy was the head of a pharmaceutical company that was trying to develop a new product.

Reddy, along with his friend Prabhakar Rao, assessed that such products had mixed success. Reddy and Rao realized that if a new product (a drug) was a success, it may result in sales of 100 crores but if it is unsuccessful, the sales may be only 20 crores. They further assessed that a new drug was likely to be successful 50% of times.

Cost of launching the new drug was likely to be 50 crores.

Question 57

Now, Reddy and Rao were in a quandary whether the company should go ahead and market the drug. They contacted Raj Adduri, a common friend for advice. Adduri was of the opinion that given the risky nature of launch, it may -be a better idea to test the market. Rao and Reddy realized test marketing would cost 10 crores. Adduri told them the previous test marketing results have been favorable 70% of times and success rate of products favorably tested was 80%. Further, when test marketing results were unfavorable; the products have been successful 30% of the times. How much profit can the company expect to make if the product is launched after favorable test marketing results (assume there are no additional costs)? If Rao and Reddy decides to launch the product despite unfavorable test marketing, how much profit can the company expect to earn?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative:

Prof. Vijya, the chairperson of the Faculty Academic Committee (FAC), was trying to understand the implications of decisions taken by the Student Placement Committee (SPC) on placement issues.

It was alleged that Biswajit, a final year student, inflated his grades in his bio-data that was sent to the recruiters. The President of SPC requested the FAC to debar Biswajit from the campus recruitment process. When the matter was brought up for discussion in FAC, Ione of the professors remarked that Biswajit too should be allowed to defend himself. When Biswajit arrived for the meeting the situation became even more challenging.

Biswajit raised the issue that many other students who had misrepresented grades to get coveted jobs had gone scot-free. He alleged that these students were close to the President of SPC and therefore, no action was taken against them. He stated that somebody has deliberately manipulated his grades in the bio-data.

This allegation confused the members and it was decided to adjourn` the meeting. Vijya Was to decide on the next course of action.

Question 58

As a potential entrant you are having an informal Facebook chat with one of the college seniors. You wanted to know about the pay packages of the graduating students. The senior replied that one will be able to understand this only after joining the college. He did not reveal any information but suggested that it is not very difficult to get a high salary job as you have already started networking. He also cautioned that you should not believe any rumors and you should directly contact the student body for any further information. What will be your most appropriate choice for seeking further information about placements?

Question 59

It was found that a large section of the students have been indulging in such practices. Unfortunately, the HR manager of a much coveted campus recruiter, who is an alumnus of the college came to know about this. Considering yourself in the position of that HR manager, what would be your reaction?

Instructions

Four professors - Mukherjee, Banerjee, Bhatnagar and Iyengar - take classes on the first five days of a week. Each day, there is one class in the morning and one class in the evening. The following conditions have to be met:

Prof. Banerjee takes classes on exactly 3 mornings. If Prof. Banerjee takes a class on Monday, he does not take a class on Tuesday. Prof. Mukherjee takes evening classes on exactly two consecutive days, but not on Thursday. Prof. Bhatnagar takes classes on exactly one morning and three afternoons. Prof. Iyengar takes classes on exactly one morning. On Friday, neither Prof. Mukherjee nor Prof. Banerjee takes classes.

Question 60

If Prof. Banerjee takes a class on Tuesday, in which sessions would Prof. Bhatnagar take classes?

Instructions

For the following questions answer them individually

Question 61

If the relationship between the four statements A, B, C and D is given below, which of the four options is true:

i. If A is true, B is always false

ii. If B is false, C is always true

iii. If C is true, D is always false

Instructions

Five candidates who went for interviews with XYZ Corporation were asked to fill their slot preferences. There were a total of five slots in the day; the 1st slot from 10-12, the 2nd slot from 12-2, the 3rd slot from 2-4, the 4th slot from 4-6 and the 5th slot from 6-8. The candidates were asked to give preferences for a minimum of 3 slots and a maximum of 5. If a candidate did not give any preference for a particular slot, he/she was not allotted that slot in any case.

The management tried to accommodate the slots to candidates in such a way that each candidate got a slot as per his/her best preference or close to that.

The preferences of the 5 candidates were as follows:

Question 62

If ranks are allotted to the candidates based on their slots and preferences - for example, if candidate D got a slot which was his/her 3rd preference, his/her rank would be 3. The management decided to allot slots in such a way that the total ranking of all candidates is minimized. What is the total ranking of all the candidates put together?

Instructions

Buzuki automobiles is popular worldwide for the motorcycles they manufacture. The company has a good track record of producing good motorcycles for the last two decades. The company has obtained permission to manufacture motorcycles in India by setting up a plant.

Vivek is a fresh graduate from a top MBA college in India, who has been recruited by Buzuki as an Operations Manager of the plant they are going to set up in India. He has been given an assurance of getting a chance to work on the new plant. To equip him with the needed skills the company may also give him a training opportunity abroad. So he is happy with the work, money and learning opportunities he would be getting at Buzuki.

Vivek joined the company by signing a three year bond. After two weeks, as the plant is not yet started, he is being asked to work in the servicing department where he would be required to clean and service old Buzuki motorcycles. This work is not what he was recruited for and this work does not help build his skill set also. One day he met another person, Ranjith, who was also recruited by Buzuki as a Manager. Ranjith had a better pay as he was from an Executive MBA course for professionals with considerable work experience. He later got to know that Ranjith had resigned from his job as he found the work profile unsuitable and unsatisfactory. Vivek is now worried about what he must do now.

Question 63

Vivek is a competent person for the role of Operations Manager in Buzuki.
The above conclusion is

Question 64

After a month passes by, Vivek got to know from his manager that, he would be deployed in the plant as an Operations Manager after 3 months. In the meanwhile if Vivek chooses to resign, he can do so but he will need to break the bond. Which of the following is the best option for Vivek now?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative:

Prof. Vijya, the chairperson of the Faculty Academic Committee (FAC), was trying to understand the implications of decisions taken by the Student Placement Committee (SPC) on placement issues.

It was alleged that Biswajit, a final year student, inflated his grades in his bio-data that was sent to the recruiters. The President of SPC requested the FAC to debar Biswajit from the campus recruitment process. When the matter was brought up for discussion in FAC, Ione of the professors remarked that Biswajit too should be allowed to defend himself. When Biswajit arrived for the meeting the situation became even more challenging.

Biswajit raised the issue that many other students who had misrepresented grades to get coveted jobs had gone scot-free. He alleged that these students were close to the President of SPC and therefore, no action was taken against them. He stated that somebody has deliberately manipulated his grades in the bio-data.

This allegation confused the members and it was decided to adjourn` the meeting. Vijya Was to decide on the next course of action.

Question 65

If you were what in your opinion would be the most appropriate action?

Instructions

Pikea is an e-commerce marketplace for furniture, home and office products. They manufacture and sell different types of products and the main raw material they use to manufacture many of these products is wood. Different suppliers supply the necessary raw materials. Pikea penetrated into market very well, just in two years, its market share grew from 2% to 4%. Demand for wooden products was increasing and suppliers wanted to supply low quality wood at cheaper price. It was profitable for the company to increase the production. The head of the quality department Gautham was not happy with this and requested Rohan, the CEO to set up a meeting for quality improvement.

Question 66

Which of the following is the best decision to take?

Instructions

For the following questions answer them individually

Question 67

Mohan runs an electronic store in one of the posh locations of the city. There was no competing shop in the vicinity, so he used to get decent amount of sales. Recently, a new electronic store has started operating near his shop. The new shop is offering high discounts to attract customers. Due to his Mohan’s sales have declined. Which of the following would be the best option for him?

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Samrat is an experienced HR manager at a reputed IT firm where he manages a team of 10 people in Banagalore. His duties include overseeing the recruitment process, looking after the training and induction course, guiding and mentoring the members of his team, and other tasks associated with the HR domain.

Question 68

For the past two years, the firm for which Samrat recruits is experiencing higher attrition rate than it has experienced ever before. In the current batch of 300 recruits, which were hired from only the top 10 institutes of the country, 50 have left the firm just after 2 months of their recruitment. The higher management is really unhappy with this outcome. As a result Samrat is asked to lead a team of 4 HR professionals and devise and design a recruitment plan that focuses on retaining the talent that they recruit for at least 2.5 years.
Which of the following should Samrat propose so that the attrition is in control without having any adverse effect on the company’s operation and reputation?
1) Broaden the company’s shortlist of 10 institutes to 20 as the candidates from top 10 institutes receive more job offers.
2) Designing a shortlisting process which focuses on identifying candidates whose ideology match with that of the firm and are likely to stay at the firm for a longer term.
3) Increasing the salary of its employees to match the salaries their rivals are offering.
4) Clearly stating that the company prefers candidates who are ready to stay with the firm for at least 2.5 years during the pre-placement talk in the college.
5) Run an advertisement campaign which conveys that the firm is the best employer for people who are in for a longer term.

Question 69

Samrat and his team has recently recruited 10 people that will be allocated to Nilesh’s team. Nilesh is a team lead who manages 30 associates who work under him. Nilesh has requested Samrat to put these 10 recruits through the 20 day induction program. However, the schedule for the induction program has already been booked by the Statistics Department and there are no slots available for the next 20 days.
Samrat asks the Director, to which Nilesh reports to, about his opinion on the urgency of training of these new recruits. The Director claims that they do not require advanced training but would have to go through the induction program before being put on any project.
Which of the following suggestions should Virat follow so as to resolve the matter in the most efficient way?

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Mr. Bhairav, a businessman specializing in malls, resorts and amusement park is planning to build a new amusement park, Fun City, which is 35 km away from Ahmedabad. Mr. Bhairav has already invested in such projects earlier but none of them was able to attract kids. Therefore, to attract kids, he plans to build the amusement park with facilities and events such as- Go Kart, Aqua Loop, Balloon Ride etc. which are very popular among kids.

Question 70

Mr. Bhairav wants Fun City to be full on public holidays. Which of the following, if taken, is most likely to help him to achieve this target?

Instructions

Read the information given below and answer the questions which follow.
Zaytm is an online recharge company. Recently, it introduced a feature of online wallet where you can store your money. The company has expanded manifold in the past few months and had tied up with several businesses which started accepting payments from zaytm wallet. The company spent large amounts to acquire customers by running various discounts and cash back offers. Now the company has done away with the discount offers. Another company, karorecharge, whose business model is similar to that of Zaytm has entered the market. It is running massive offers to acquire customers. Because of karorecharge’s offers, Zaytm has started to lose a lot of its customers.

Question 71

Zaytm wants to re-introduce the discounts to protect its customers from switching to karo-recharge. So the founder requests the investors for more funding. The investors, however, are reluctant to put more money in the company without seeing any profits. Which of the following reason is likely to convince the investors to invest more money in Zaytm?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

Head of a nation in the Nordic region was struggling with the slowing economy on one hand and restless citizens on the other. In addition, his opponents were doing everything possible to discredit his government. As a famous saying goes, “There is no smoke without a lire”, it cannot be said that the incumbent government was doing all the right things. There were reports of acts of omission and commission coming out every other day.

Distribution of public resources for private businesses and for private consumption had created a lot of problems for the government, it was being alleged that the government has given the right to exploit these public resources at throw-away prices to some private companies. Some of the citizens were questioning the government policies in the Supreme Court of the country as well as in the media. In the midst of all this, the head of the nation called his cabinet colleagues for a meeting on the recent happenings in the country.

He asked his minister of water resources about the bidding process for allocation of rights to setup mini- hydel power plants. To this, the minister replied that his ministry had followed the laid out policies of the government. Water resources were allocated to those private companies that bid the highest and were technically competent. The minister continued that later on some new companies had shown interest and they were allowed to enter the sector as per the guidelines of the Government. This, the minister added, would facilitate proper utilization of water resources and provide better services to the citizens. The new companies were allocated the rights at the price set by the highest bidders in the previous round of bidding. After hearing this, the head of the nation replied that one would expect the later allocations to be done after a fresh round of bidding. The minister of water resources replied that his ministry had taken permissions from the concerned ministries before allocating the resources to the new companies.

Question 72

Media reports suggested that the minister of water resources had deliberately allocated the water resources at old prices to the new companies, and in return some received kickbacks. However, the minister denied these charges. His counter argument was that he followed the stated policies of the Government and it is very difficult to price a scarce resource. He also said that the loss that the media is talking about is notional and in reality the Government and the citizens have gained by the entry of new players. Which of the following is the most appropriate inference?

Instructions

For the following questions answer them individually

Question 73

In a country that has 20% rich people, 30% poor people and 50% middle class people, a car manufacturing company manufactures luxury cars targeted at the rich class. The cars are very popular among the general public and many people from the other two classes also aspire to buy them but are unable to do so because of the high prices. Of late, the sales have been stagnating for the company. Which of the following would be an ideal strategy to maximize profits in the long term?

Question 74

You are interviewing a candidate for the role of Media Communications Manager. You find that the candidate has excellent communication skills and is fluent in English and 3 other languages, but not Hindi. Half of all the media communication is done in Hindi in your company. What would you do about the candidate?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

Island of growth was witnessing a rapid increase in GDP. Its citizens had become wealthier in recent times, and there had been a considerable improvement in the standard of living. However, this rapid growth had increased nepotism on the Island. In the recent times, a fear had gripped the population that corruption would destroy the inclusive nature of the society and hinder economic progress. However, most citizens had kept quiet because: a. They had benefited from the corruption indirectly, if not directly. b. They did not have time and energy to protest. c. They did not have courage to rise against the established power centers.

There was a need to remove corruption but no one was willing to stick his neck out. Many politicians, bureaucrats and private organisations were corrupt. Media and intellectuals kept quiet as they benefited indirectly from corruption. The common man was scared of the state’s retribution and the youngsters feared an insecure future.

Against this background, an old, unmarried and illiterate of high moral and ethical authority, Shambhu, decided to take on the issue of corruption. He sat on a hunger strike in the heart of the capital city of the Island. Shambhu demanded that the Government should constitute new laws to punish the corrupt across all walks of life. Media and the citizens of the island gave massive support to Shambhu. Buckling under the pressure, the Government promised to accept Shambhu’s demands. He ended the hunger strike immediately following the Government’s announcement. Shambhu became the darling of the media. He used this opportunity as a platform to spread the message that only citizens with an unblemished character should be allowed to hold a public office. A few months later, it was found that the government had not fulfilled any of its promises made to Shambhu. Infuriated, he was thinking of launching another island-wide protest. However, this time, he sensed that not many people and media person were willing to support him.

Question 75

Which of the following could be the most likely reason for decline in public support for Shambhu?

Instructions

Five candidates who went for interviews with XYZ Corporation were asked to fill their slot preferences. There were a total of five slots in the day; the 1st slot from 10-12, the 2nd slot from 12-2, the 3rd slot from 2-4, the 4th slot from 4-6 and the 5th slot from 6-8. The candidates were asked to give preferences for a minimum of 3 slots and a maximum of 5. If a candidate did not give any preference for a particular slot, he/she was not allotted that slot in any case.

The management tried to accommodate the slots to candidates in such a way that each candidate got a slot as per his/her best preference or close to that.

The preferences of the 5 candidates were as follows:

Question 76

Candidate B changed his preferences due to some reason. His new preference order was : 1st preference : slot 1, 2nd preference : slot 2, 3rd preference : slot 3, 4th preference : slot 4. What is the sum of the ranking of all the candidates put together in this case, if the management allotted slots in such a way that the total ranking of the candidates is minimized?

Instructions

Four professors - Mukherjee, Banerjee, Bhatnagar and Iyengar - take classes on the first five days of a week. Each day, there is one class in the morning and one class in the evening. The following conditions have to be met:

Prof. Banerjee takes classes on exactly 3 mornings. If Prof. Banerjee takes a class on Monday, he does not take a class on Tuesday. Prof. Mukherjee takes evening classes on exactly two consecutive days, but not on Thursday. Prof. Bhatnagar takes classes on exactly one morning and three afternoons. Prof. Iyengar takes classes on exactly one morning. On Friday, neither Prof. Mukherjee nor Prof. Banerjee takes classes.

Question 77

Which of the following could be true on Wednesdays?

Question 78

Which of the following statements is necessarily true?

Instructions

The selectors of Chess Federation Of India (CFI) have to select 3 player teams to represent India in 4 different international competitions – Asian Games, Subcontinent Tri-series, European Champion and Olympics. Each player in the 20-player pool played an equal number of tournaments in the national competition. The table below gives the FIDE ratings of the players and the number of titles they won at the national level.

The reputation of the competitions in descending order is Olympics, European Championship, Asian Games and Subcontinent Tri-series. After some calculations, the selectors have come to the conclusion that the probability of India winning the Olympics is 0.01, the European Championship is 0.4, Asian Games is 0.5 and Subcontinent Tri-series is 0.9.

Based on this information, the selectors have to select teams for each of the four competitions.

Ratings Table

Question 79

Which of the following players should be part of the team going for Olympics?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

Marathe is a vice President in a construction equipment company in the city of Mumbai. One day, his subordinate Bhonsle requested that Kale, a project manager, be transferred to the Chennai office from the Mumbai office. In Chennai, Kale would work alone as a researcher. Bhonsle gave the following reasons for his request: “Kale is known to frequently fight with his colleagues. Kale is conscientious and dedicated only when working alone. He is friendly with seniors, but refuses to work with colleagues, in a team. He cannot accept criticism and feels hostile and rejected. He is over-bearing and is generally a bad influence on the team.” Marathe called upon Gore, another project manager, and sought further information on Kale. Gore recalled that colleague, Lakhote (who was also Kale’s former boss) had made a few remarks on his appraisal report about Kale was not fit for further promotion as he was emotionally unstable to work in groups though he had seven years of work experience. Lakhote had described Kale as too authoritative to work under anyone Lakhote Had further told Gore that Kale had an ailing wife, and an old mother, who does not want to stay with his wife

Question 80

Marathe sought an appointment with Lakhote to find out ways to help Kale. Lakhote is of the opinion that the company’s responsibility is restricted to the workplace and it should not try to address the personal employees. If Marathe has to agree to Lakhote’s opinion, which of the solutions presented in the previous question would be weakened:

Instructions

For the following questions answer them individually

Question 81

Volcano, a new company in mobile handset manufacturing, found that there are defects in the latest model that they launched. But due to the attractive price that they are offering to make a mark in the market, almost a million pieces have already been sold. The company realizes that the defects can significantly affect its customers. On the other hand it fears losing it credibility if it informs the customers about it.
What is the most ethical course of action that the company should take?

Question 82

Shaun is a senior associate working for the investment bank, Golden Chaas. Since his boss was out of station, he was assigned with the task of finalizing a 5 billion dollar asset acquisition. Just minutes before closing the deal he received some information which would sabotage the entire deal.
Which of the following would be the most appropriate action for Shaun in response to the information he received?
i) Keep quiet about the information received and allow the deal to be finalized
ii) Pass on the information to his boss and let the boss take the final decision
iii) Tell both the clients about the deal even though the chances of the deal not pulling through is very high
iv) Reveal the information to the clients as soon as the deal is signed

Question 83

Mr. Shivakumar is Social science teacher and a self taught engineer who works in Sri. Vidya Government school in Mankulur district of Karnataka. Even though he has no prior experience in building, he proposed the construction of two huge dams that would help to overcome the irrigation problems of the district. The people of the district was enthusiastic about the plan and took Shivakumar’s plan to the district collector.
What is the best course of action by that should be taken by the collector?

Instructions

Read the information given below and answer the questions which follow.
Ramesh is an owner of a successful construction company. A lot of credit for his success goes to his senior politician friend Anil who helped him secure important contracts. However, after some time Anil comes to know how Ramesh has been using sub standard material in his constructions which has endangered the lives of several hundred people. Anil decided to urge the government to blacklist Ramesh’s company from any further participation in government’s work.

Question 84

Anil asks Ramesh to make his son, the director of his company. However, the company only appoints civil engineers for senior roles. Anil’s son is an economics graduate who does not know anything about the civil engineering. Which of the following would be the best course of action for Ramesh in this situation?

Instructions

A new reform which is set to be introduced by the Government requires companies to disclose the gap between the pay of top Executives and the average employees. This initiative is undertaken by the government to reduce the wage disparity between the top executives and average workers in a company. Over the last 20 years, the C level employees pay has gone up 150 times compared to the average worker pay. Thus, the pay of top executives is very high compared to that of an average worker in the company. The top executives and businesses fear that this new reform would cause unrest between the employees and top- executives. So the top executives and businesses have opposed this new initiative by the government.

Question 85

If the bill is introduced, what would be the best response from companies that pay extremely high salaries to the CEO compared to the average employee?

Instructions

For the following questions answer them individually

Question 86

A,B,C,D, E and F are the male members in a family, spread over three generations.

i. A is related to C and D in the same way B is related to E.

ii. A is related to B in the same way C is related to D

iii. F is related to A in the same way B is related to E

Who is the oldest of all the members?

Instructions

The selectors of Chess Federation Of India (CFI) have to select 3 player teams to represent India in 4 different international competitions – Asian Games, Subcontinent Tri-series, European Champion and Olympics. Each player in the 20-player pool played an equal number of tournaments in the national competition. The table below gives the FIDE ratings of the players and the number of titles they won at the national level.

The reputation of the competitions in descending order is Olympics, European Championship, Asian Games and Subcontinent Tri-series. After some calculations, the selectors have come to the conclusion that the probability of India winning the Olympics is 0.01, the European Championship is 0.4, Asian Games is 0.5 and Subcontinent Tri-series is 0.9.

Based on this information, the selectors have to select teams for each of the four competitions.

Ratings Table

Question 87

Which of the following players should be in the team representing India for the Subcontinent Tri-series?

Question 88

The selectors have to select a team for Olympics and a team for the European Championships. Which of the following players would not be in the same team?

Instructions

In a monthly review meeting, the manager of HR of a company was informed by one of the team-leads that a member of his team, who was awarded the best employee of the month in the previous month was not taking interest in work and was planning to leave the company. The team-lead further informed the HR manager that despite the team-lead’s best efforts, the employee’s attitude and interest had in fact deteriorated. The HR manager decided to talk to the employee about the situation.

Question 89

Which of the following would be the most unlikely reason for the employee’s deteriorating interest in work at the company?

Question 90

In the meeting between the HR manager and the employee, the HR manager found that the employee was not finding his work challenging enough. There are a few steps to redress the situation:

1) Transfer the employee to a different and more challenging project.
2) Ask the employee to take a paid vacation for a couple of weeks.
3) Increase the salary of the employee.
4) Transfer the employee to Training division.
5) Send the employee for training in the course “decision making under stress”

Which combination of steps would the HR manager choose?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

A teacher wanted to administer a multiple choice (each question having six choices) based quiz of high difficulty levels to a class of sixty students. The quiz had sixty questions. The probability of selecting the correct answer for a good students and a brilliant student was 0.2 and 0.25 respectively. The poor students had no learning advantage. The teacher did not want students to cheat but does not have time and resources to monitor. All students were seated serially in 10 rows and 6 columns.

Question 91

Is it possible for teacher to detect cheating without monitoring? Choose the statement that best describe your opinion:

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

It was the end of the performance review cycle for the year 2012 when you asked your subordinates about any problems they were facing. Natrajan told you that an important member of his team, Vardarajan, who had also won the best performance award for the year 2011, was not taking interest in work. Despite Natrajan’s counseling, no change was noticed in Vardarajan, rather his attitude deteriorated. You had also received such information from other employees. You had not interfered hoping that Natrajan, an experienced hand, would be able to solve the problem. But now that Natrajan himself brought this to your notice, you decided to call Vardarajan and counsel him.

Question 92

Which of the following could be the most unlikely reason for Vardarajan’s declining involvement in workplace?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative:

Prof. Vijya, the chairperson of the Faculty Academic Committee (FAC), was trying to understand the implications of decisions taken by the Student Placement Committee (SPC) on placement issues.

It was alleged that Biswajit, a final year student, inflated his grades in his bio-data that was sent to the recruiters. The President of SPC requested the FAC to debar Biswajit from the campus recruitment process. When the matter was brought up for discussion in FAC, Ione of the professors remarked that Biswajit too should be allowed to defend himself. When Biswajit arrived for the meeting the situation became even more challenging.

Biswajit raised the issue that many other students who had misrepresented grades to get coveted jobs had gone scot-free. He alleged that these students were close to the President of SPC and therefore, no action was taken against them. He stated that somebody has deliberately manipulated his grades in the bio-data.

This allegation confused the members and it was decided to adjourn` the meeting. Vijya Was to decide on the next course of action.

Question 93

Vijya found that there were many such cases of grade inflation. She was giving final touches to the report when her attention was diverted by a phone call on her personal cell phone. It was from an unlisted number. The caller conveyed to her that it will be in her interest as well as in the interest of the college if the report is not presented to the Director. The caller also told her these findings will change nothing only result in bad publicity for the college. The caller identified himself as a well-wisher of the college before hanging up. Consider yourself in Vijya’s position and choose an appropriate decision from the following choices.

Instructions

Krishna Reddy was the head of a pharmaceutical company that was trying to develop a new product.

Reddy, along with his friend Prabhakar Rao, assessed that such products had mixed success. Reddy and Rao realized that if a new product (a drug) was a success, it may result in sales of 100 crores but if it is unsuccessful, the sales may be only 20 crores. They further assessed that a new drug was likely to be successful 50% of times.

Cost of launching the new drug was likely to be 50 crores.

Question 94

Now, Reddy and Rao were in a quandary whether the company should go ahead and market the drug. They contacted Raj Adduri, a common friend for advice. Adduri was of the opinion that given the risky nature of launch, it may -be a better idea to test the market. Rao and Reddy realized test marketing would cost 10 crores. Adduri told them the previous test marketing results have been favorable 70% of times and success rate of products favorably tested was 80%. Further, when test marketing results were unfavorable; the products have been successful 30% of the times. How much profit can the company expect to make if the product is launched after favorable test marketing results (assume there are no additional costs)?

Instructions

Rajinder Singh was 32 years old from the small town of Bhathinda, Punjab. Most of the families living there had middle class incomes, with about 10% of the population living below the poverty level. The population consisted of 10 percent small traders, 30 percent farmers, besides others. Rajinder liked growing up in Bhathinda, where people knew and cared about each other. Even as a youngster it was clear that Rajinder was smart and ambitious. Neighbors would often say, "Someday you're going to make us proud!" He always had a job growing up at Singh's General Store - Uncle Balwant's store. Balwant was a well intentioned person. Rajinder loved being at the store and not just because Balwant paid him well. He liked helping customers, most of who were known by the nicknames. Setting up displays and changing the merchandise for different seasons and holidays was always exciting. Uncle Balwant had one child and off late, his interest in business had declined. But he had taught Rajinder 'the ins and outs of retailing'. He had taught Rajinder everything, including ordering merchandise, putting on a sale, customer relations, and keeping the books. The best part about working at the store was Balwant himself. Balwant loved the store as much as Rajinder did. Balwant had set up the store with a mission to make sure his neighbors got everything they needed at a fair price. He carried a wide variety of goods, based on the needs of the community. If you needed a snow shovel or piece of jewelry for your wife, it was no problem - Singh's had it all. Rajinder was impressed by Balwant's way of handling and caring for customers. If somebody was going through "hard times", Balwant somehow knew it. When they came into the store, Balwant would make them feel comfortable, and say something like, "you know Jaswant, let's put everything on credit today". This kind of generosity made it easy to understand why Balwant was loved and respected throughout the community.

Rajinder grew up and went to school and college in Bhathinda. Later on, he made it to an MBA program in Delhi. Rajinder did well in the MBA course and was goal oriented. After first year of his MBA, the career advisor and Balwant advised Rajinder for an internship at Bigmart. That summer, Rajinder was amazed by the breadth and comprehensiveness of the internship experience. Rajinder got inspired by the life story of the founder of Bigmart, and the values the founder held. Bigmart was one of the best companies in the world.

The people that Rajinder worked for at Bigmart during the internship noticed Rajinder's work ethic, knowledge, and enthusiasm for the business. Before the summer ended, Rajinder had been offered a job as a Management Trainee by Bigmart, to start upon graduation. Balwant was happy to see Rajinder succeed.

Even for Rajinder, this was a dream job - holding the opportunity to move up the ranks in a big company. Rajinder did indeed move up the ranks quickly, from management trainee, to assistant store manager, to store manager, to supervising manager of three stores, to the present position - Real Estate Manager, North India. This job involved locating new sites within targeted locations and community relations. One day Rajinder was eagerly looking forward to the next assignment. When he received email for the same, his world came crashing down. He was asked to identify next site in Bhathinda. It was not that Rajinder didn't believe in Bigmart's expansion. What was printed in the popular press, especially the business press, only reinforced Rajinder's belief in Bigmart. An executive viewed as one of the wisest business persons in the world was quoted as saying, "Bigmart had been a major force in improving the quality of life for the average consumer around the world, offering great prices on goods, giving them one stop solution for almost everything." Many big farmers also benefitted as Bigmart's supply chain facilities helped reducing the waste. Consumers also benefitted through low prices, as middlemen were removed. At the same time, Rajinder knew that opening a new Bigmart could disrupt small businesses in Bhathinda. Some local stores in small towns often went out of business within a year of the Bigmart's opening. In Bhathinda, one of those local stores was Singh's, now run by Balwant's son, although Balwant still came in every day to "straighten out the merchandise." As Rajinder thought about this assignment, depression set in, and nightmares followed. Rajinder was frozen in time and space. Rajinder's nightmares involved Balwant screaming something - although Rajinder could not make out what Balwant was saying. This especially troubled Rajinder, since Balwant never raised his voice. Rajinder didn't know what to do - who might be helpful? Rajinder's spouse, who was a housewife? Maybe talking it through could lead to some positive course of action. Rajinder's boss? Would Bigmart understand? Could Rajinder really disclose the conflict without fear? Uncle Balwant? Should Rajinder disclose the situation and ask for advice? He wanted a solution that would make all stakeholders happy.

Question 95

Which is the right ascending order, in terms of proportion of population, benefitting from Bigmart, in and around Bhathinda?

Instructions

Read the given passage and answer the following questions:
Deals.com is an e-commerce marketplace which connects millions of subscribers with local merchants by offering activities, travel, goods etc. In order to sign up new merchants to their company they engage thousand of sales employees. The salaries of the employees are purely dependent on the sales they achieve each month. Rafeeq is the new General Manager of the Company. He was highly dissatisfied by the policy of the company to depend only on the sales of the employee. He wanted to introduce more parameters along with sales to a factor in deciding the salary of the company such as customer relationship and collection of information.

Question 96

Mr. Santhosh is one of the top earning employees in Deals.com. He strongly opposes the GM’s proposal of introducing new parameters for the determination of salary. Which of the following would be the most likely reason for him to oppose the proposal?

Instructions

Please read the three reports (newspaper articles) on ranking of different players and products in smart phones industry and answer the questions that follow.

Report 1: (Feb, 2013):

Apple nabs crown as current top US mobile phone vendor Apple's reign may not be long, as Samsung is poised to overtake Apple in April, 2013. For the first time since Apple entered the mobile phone market in 2007, it has been ranked the top mobile phone vendor in the US. For the latter quarter of 2012, sales of its iPhone accounted for 34 percent of all mobile phone sales in the US - including feature phones - according to the latest data from Strategy Analytics.

While the iPhone has consistently been ranked the top smartphone sold in the US, market research firm NPD noted that feature phone sales have fallen off a cliff recently, to the point where 8 out of every 10 mobile phones sold in the US are now smartphones. That ratio is up considerably from the end of 2011, when smartphones had just cracked the 50 percent mark. Given this fact, it's no surprise that Apple, which only sells smartphones, has been able to reach the top of the overall mobile phone market domestically. For the fourth quarter of 2012, Apple ranked number one with 34 percent of the US mobile market, up from 25.6 percent year over year. Samsung grew similarly, up to 32.3 percent from 26.9 percent - but not enough to keep from slipping to second place. LG dropped to 9 percent from 13.7 percent, holding its third place spot. It should be noted that Samsung and LG both sell a variety of feature phones in addition to smartphones. Looking only at smartphones, the ranking is a little different according to NPD. Apple holds the top spot with 39 percent of the US smartphone market, while Samsung again sits at number two with 30 percent. Motorola manages to rank third with 7 percent, while HTC dropped to fourth with 6 percent. In the US smartphone market, LG is fifth with 6 percent. Note how the percentages aren't all that different from overall mobile phone market share - for all intents and purposes, the smartphone market is the mobile phone market in the US going forward. Still, Samsung was the top mobile phone vendor overall for 2012, and Strategy Analytics expects Samsung to be back on top soon. "Samsung had been the number one mobile phone vendor in the US since 2008, and it will surely be keen to recapture that title in 2013 by launching improved new models such as the rumored Galaxy S4." And while Apple is the top vendor overall among smartphones, its iOS platform is still second to the Android platform overall. Samsung is the largest vendor selling Android-based smartphones, but Motorola, HTC, LG, and others also sell Android devices, giving the platform a clear advantage over iOS both domestically and globally.

Report2: Reader's Response (2013, Feb) I don't actually believe the numbers for Samsung. Ever since the debacle in early 2011, when Lenovo called into question the numbers Samsung was touting for tablet shipments, stating that Samsung had only sold 20,000 of the 1.5 million tablets they shipped into the US the last quarter of 2010, Samsung (who had no response to Lenovo) has refused to supply quarterly sales numbers for smartphones or tablets. That's an indication that their sales aren't what analysts are saying. We can look to several things to help understand why. In the lawsuit between Apple and Samsung here last year, both were required to supply real sales numbers for devices under contention. The phones listed turned out to have sales between one third and one half of what had been guessed by IDC and others. Tablet sales were even worse. Of the 1.5 million tablets supposedly shipped to the US during that time, only 38,000 were sold.

Then we have the usage numbers. Samsung tablets have only a 1.5% usage rate, where the iPad has over 90%. Not as much a difference with the phones but it's still overwhelmingly in favor of the iPhone.

The problem is that with Apple's sales, we have actual numbers to go by. The companies who estimate can calibrate what they do after those numbers come out. But with Samsung and many others, they can't ever calibrate their methods, as there are no confirming numbers released from the firms. A few quarters ago, as a result, we saw iSupply estimate Samsung's smartphone sales for the quarter at 32 million, with estimates from others all over the place up to 50 million. Each time some other company reported a higher number for that same quarter, the press dutifully used that higher number as THE ONE. But none of them was the one. Without accurate self-reporting of actual sales to the end users, none of these market share charts are worth a damn!

Report3: Contradictory Survey (Feb, 2013)

iPhone5 Ranks Fifth In U.S. Customer Satisfaction Survey inShare

The iPhone5 ranks fifth in customer satisfaction according to the results of a recent survey from OnDevice Research, a mobile device research group. In the poll, they asked 320,000 smartphone and tablet users from six different countries, how, satisfied they were with their devices,. According to 93,825 people from the US, Motorola Atrix HD is the most satisfying and Motorola's Droid Razr took second spot. HTC Corp? (TPK:2498)'s Rezound 4G and Samsung Galaxy Note 2 took third and fourth spots, while Apple's iPhone5 landed in fifth spot. It appears that Apple may be lagging m consumer interest. GnDeviee Research, Sarah Quinn explained, "Although Apple created one of the most revolutionary devices of the past decade, other manufactures have caught up, with some Android powered devices now commanding higher levels of user satisfaction."

Despite the lower rankings, things aren't looking too bad for Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) elsewhere. In the United Kingdom, they ranked second place, right after HTC One X. Interesting enough, Apple did take top spot for overall satisfaction of mobile device, whereas Google Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOG) ranked second.. Motorola Mobility Holdings Inc. (NYSE:MMI), HTC Corp (TPE:2498), and Nokia Corporation (NYSE:NOK) took third, fourth, and fifth places respectively, while Sony Ericsson trailed behind at sixth place. The survey sampled mobile device users in the following countries: United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Japan, and Indonesia. Although OnDevice didn't share the full list of devices mentioned in the survey* it does show some insight to what customers want. Unfortunately, there were still many questions regarding the survey that were left unanswered. Everyone wants to know why Google Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOG) was on the list when they are not an actual smartphone maker and why was Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (LON:BC94) on the bottom of the satisfaction list when the brand is leading elsewhere.

Fortunately, those questions were answered by On Device Research's representative. He explained that the survey was conducted on mobile web where the survey software could detect the taker's device and since users rate their satisfaction levels on a 1 to 10 scale, thanks to the Nexus device, Google was included.

Question 97

If report 1 and report3 are both correct, which of the following can be a reason for seemingly divergent ranks reported for different companies and their products?

Instructions

Sridhar, an NRI who just returned back to India from USA, is an aspiring businessman who lives in Vijayawada. Vijayawada has a population of 10 lakhs with one of the highest per capita income among India cities. Sridhar is an avid cricket enthusiast. One day he wondered if he could mix his passion with business. Some days later, he came across an advertisement from Sports Today, which called for expression of interest from potential franchisees. Vijayawada did not have a single good cricket academy where young children can be moulded to become future cricket players.

Sports Today wanted the potential franchisees to own minimum 12000 square yards space and invest Rs.50 lakhs. While Sridhar was excited about working with a renowned brand, he was worried if Rs. 50 lakhs was too high an amount to shell out. He did not have the entire amount with him and was thinking of borrowing from the bank. He made enquiries with other Sports Today franchisees located in towns like Nagpur and Trichy, as he expected similar interest among people in a cricket academy. A franchisee in Nagpur had sales revenue varying from 1-2 lakhs rupees per month with profit margin in the range of 20- 25%. Satisfied, Sridhar decided to proceed.

Soon, he was on a look out for the space. Vijayawada had three main areas – Auto Nagar, Krishna Lanka and Machavaram. All areas were inter-connected by good roads. Auto Nagar was a business area where most of High end retail formats were located. Most upper middle class and higher class people were living there. It was also the education hub of the city. On the other hand, Krishna Lanka was a growing Lower middle class business area and Machavaram had mostly residential population.

Sridhar was in favour of choosing Auto Nagar as it was the place which seemed to be the best option. However, he soon stumbled across problems. Not only it was difficult to obtain space in Auto Nagar but property Rentals touched 3-4 rupees per square yard per month. Rentals at Krishna Lanka and Machavaram were in the Range of 1-2 rupees per square yard per month. Also, Sridhar’s friend, who stayed in Krishna Lanka, told him that there was a growing interest in cricket in Krishna Lanka and it seemed to be the fastest growing market in Vijayawada, with highest ratio of teenagers. But, Sridhar was not in favour of Krishna Lanka due to its low image. He expected to target school and college going crowd in Auto Nagar.

High real estate prices in Auto Nagar and his low assessment of Krishna Lanka market created confusion in Sridhar’s mind.

Question 98

Which one of the following is the most important decision criterion is such a business Situation?

Question 99

Assuming the sales in Nagpur and Auto Nagar to be similar, how many years will it take Sridhar to recoup hi investment?

Instructions

Marle, is a popular biscuit manufacturer in India which has a market share of 25%. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has set a permissible limit on lead in food products intended for consumption by people of all ages. Recently a private agency for Food Standards, Maxi, has found out in its testing that Marle biscuits have lead, over 20 times the permissible limit set by FSSAI. Children of age group 5-12 are the predominant market of Marle biscuits, and as a result of the report by the private agency, parents are now worried about the risk that their children are facing due to the lead in those biscuits.

Question 100

What should Shiva, the CEO of Marle biscuits do immediately?

Question 101

Rajesh is a local supermarket owner who has stocked up a lot of Marle biscuits. What should he do now?

Question 102

The lead content in Marle biscuits is not above permissible limits.
The above conclusion is

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Animesh wanted to set up a fast-food joint in Bhopal. One day, while browsing the internet, he came across an advertisement from Mahajunk, a popular food chain, which called for interest from potential franchisees. Mahajunk required its franchisee to invest at least 50 lacs in the project and own a minimum area of 2000 square feet.
Animesh shortlisted three areas for his project- MP Nagar, Arera Hills, and Awadhpuri. MP Nagar was the commercial centre of the city with many malls and retail outlets. Due to presence of many coaching centres, it was also the education hub of the city. Due to the presence of high end brands’ outlets, mostly upper middle class customers shopped there. But the real estate prices were very high in this area. Awadhpuri was a growing lower middle class hub of the city which seemed to be the fastest growing market in Bhopal. Also there were few brand outlets which were opening in this area. Arera Hills was predominantly a residential area.
Animesh wanted to choose MP Nagar as it was the place from where he usually shopped but he had reservations about it as the property prices were very high. He was not in favour of Awadhpuri due to its low image. He expected to target the youth in MP Nagar. This created confusion in Animesh’s mind.

Question 103

Which of the following is most likely to be the reason for Animesh’s inclination towards MP Nagar?

Instructions

Read the information given below and answer the questions which follow.
ICC is a body which manages the international affairs of cricket. There are 10 permanent members of ICC and 20 Associate members. BCCI is a body which manages the cricket in India. Out of the total revenues of ICC, 40% comes from BCCI. 5 permanent members of the ICC want to host the next cricket world cup. ICC wants to have lucky draw to decide who will host the world cup. However, BCCI is threatening to back out from the tournament if it is not given the chance to host the tournament. If BCCI opts out from the tournament, it will lead to huge financial losses for ICC.

Question 104

What could be ICC’s best course of action in such a scenario?

Instructions

Kiran, a nature lover, always wanted to become an entrepreneur, so that he could contribute to society and earn money as well. So, being a nature lover, he cultivated beautiful flower crops and trees in a vast area near his village. Soon Kiran’s garden attracted many tourists.
A chemical factory, which promised jobs for many people in the village, is being set up near kiran’s village. Kiran came to know that the chemical factory would cause a lot of damage to the environment of his village. So, he spoke to the president of the village about this issue and, he came to know that everyone was aware of the issues. However, the president pointed out the benefits of the development: that people are going to get employed and will have better lives.
Still Kiran believes, it’s a wrong idea to put up a chemical plant and degrade the environment. So, he took up the issue to the government and asked them to halt the chemical factory construction. However, the authorities rejected his proposal saying such action would slow down the economic progress.
Kiran wants to resolve this issue. However his business is also indirectly responsible for the environmental degradation.

Question 105

Should Kiran still think of doing business?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

It was the end of the performance review cycle for the year 2012 when you asked your subordinates about any problems they were facing. Natrajan told you that an important member of his team, Vardarajan, who had also won the best performance award for the year 2011, was not taking interest in work. Despite Natrajan’s counseling, no change was noticed in Vardarajan, rather his attitude deteriorated. You had also received such information from other employees. You had not interfered hoping that Natrajan, an experienced hand, would be able to solve the problem. But now that Natrajan himself brought this to your notice, you decided to call Vardarajan and counsel him.

Question 106

Vardarajan did not find his work challenging enough, given below are some steps that could be taken to motivate him:

1) Give Vardarajan a more challenging assignment
2) Transfer Vradarajan from Projects department to Training department
3) Ask him to take a vacation for two months
4) Send him for further training on decision making under stress

Which of the following combinations would be the most appropriate?

Instructions

Sridhar, an NRI who just returned back to India from USA, is an aspiring businessman who lives in Vijayawada. Vijayawada has a population of 10 lakhs with one of the highest per capita income among India cities. Sridhar is an avid cricket enthusiast. One day he wondered if he could mix his passion with business. Some days later, he came across an advertisement from Sports Today, which called for expression of interest from potential franchisees. Vijayawada did not have a single good cricket academy where young children can be moulded to become future cricket players.

Sports Today wanted the potential franchisees to own minimum 12000 square yards space and invest Rs.50 lakhs. While Sridhar was excited about working with a renowned brand, he was worried if Rs. 50 lakhs was too high an amount to shell out. He did not have the entire amount with him and was thinking of borrowing from the bank. He made enquiries with other Sports Today franchisees located in towns like Nagpur and Trichy, as he expected similar interest among people in a cricket academy. A franchisee in Nagpur had sales revenue varying from 1-2 lakhs rupees per month with profit margin in the range of 20- 25%. Satisfied, Sridhar decided to proceed.

Soon, he was on a look out for the space. Vijayawada had three main areas – Auto Nagar, Krishna Lanka and Machavaram. All areas were inter-connected by good roads. Auto Nagar was a business area where most of High end retail formats were located. Most upper middle class and higher class people were living there. It was also the education hub of the city. On the other hand, Krishna Lanka was a growing Lower middle class business area and Machavaram had mostly residential population.

Sridhar was in favour of choosing Auto Nagar as it was the place which seemed to be the best option. However, he soon stumbled across problems. Not only it was difficult to obtain space in Auto Nagar but property Rentals touched 3-4 rupees per square yard per month. Rentals at Krishna Lanka and Machavaram were in the Range of 1-2 rupees per square yard per month. Also, Sridhar’s friend, who stayed in Krishna Lanka, told him that there was a growing interest in cricket in Krishna Lanka and it seemed to be the fastest growing market in Vijayawada, with highest ratio of teenagers. But, Sridhar was not in favour of Krishna Lanka due to its low image. He expected to target school and college going crowd in Auto Nagar.

High real estate prices in Auto Nagar and his low assessment of Krishna Lanka market created confusion in Sridhar’s mind.

Question 107

What could be the most likely reason for Sridhar’s bias towards Auto Nagar?

Instructions

Two years ago, the Tamil Nadu Ranji cricket team saw differences between few players and the captain due to disagreement on small issue. The team manager complained to the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association (TNCA) that these differences have arisen due to poor management of the players by the Captain. To deal with issue, TNCA has started a training program for the Captain and Vice-Captain of Tamil Nadu Ranji cricket team. The coach Kamal Hassan was responsible for this program. The aim of this program was to train the captain and vice-captain of the team, with emphasis on soft skills on how to handle the other players of the team. One day Kamal Hassan received an e-mail from Rajni Kanth, the team manager.

Dear Kamal,
As you know, there was an issue with Vijayakanth, the vice-captain, in the last team meeting. He had a heated argument with Dhanush, one of the newer players. In front of the entire team, Vijayakanth has asked for an apology from Dhanush. So, in light of Vijayakanth’s outburst in the team meeting, it looks like the captain and vice-captain are not getting much benefit from your training program. So the board is scrap the program. If you want to save your training program, you need to improve it and make it effective.
From,
Rajni Kanth,
Team Manager.

Question 108

Which of the following is an assumption made by Rajni Kanth?

Instructions

Marle, is a popular biscuit manufacturer in India which has a market share of 25%. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has set a permissible limit on lead in food products intended for consumption by people of all ages. Recently a private agency for Food Standards, Maxi, has found out in its testing that Marle biscuits have lead, over 20 times the permissible limit set by FSSAI. Children of age group 5-12 are the predominant market of Marle biscuits, and as a result of the report by the private agency, parents are now worried about the risk that their children are facing due to the lead in those biscuits.

Question 109

Shiva the CEO of Marle biscuits got to know that one of their main competitors ‘Fruittania’ has manipulated the food testing agency Maxi.
Which of the following is the best thing for Marle biscuits to do now?

Instructions

Read the information given below and answer the questions which follow.
The disciplinary committee of a college is meeting in a case of ragging. The prime accused in the case is Kundan who is in police custody and his request for bail has been rejected. Atul, a close friend of Kundan is claiming that Kundan is innocent and alleged charges have been leveled because of personal animosity between the two. Atul is a very popular personality in college and he is a very close friend of Kundan. The media is blaming him of influencing the witnesses to protect his friend. Harsh criticism of the incident in the media is tarnishing the college’s image. However, most of the college students feel that Kundan is innocent given that he has never been involved in any wrongdoing. So any harsh decision may instigate protests from the students which will severely damage the college’s reputation.

Question 110

The members of the committee have following recommendations. Which of the following would be the best course of action for the reputation of the college?

Instructions

Read the information given below and answer the questions which follow.
ICC is a body which manages the international affairs of cricket. There are 10 permanent members of ICC and 20 Associate members. BCCI is a body which manages the cricket in India. Out of the total revenues of ICC, 40% comes from BCCI. 5 permanent members of the ICC want to host the next cricket world cup. ICC wants to have lucky draw to decide who will host the world cup. However, BCCI is threatening to back out from the tournament if it is not given the chance to host the tournament. If BCCI opts out from the tournament, it will lead to huge financial losses for ICC.

Question 111

There is a conflict between India and Pakistan due to which the cricket boards of the two nations decide not to play against each other. However, India Pakistan match is very popular and generates 10 times the revenue in comparison to any other match. Which of the following reasons given by ICC will convince both the boards to play against each other?

Instructions

Kiran, a nature lover, always wanted to become an entrepreneur, so that he could contribute to society and earn money as well. So, being a nature lover, he cultivated beautiful flower crops and trees in a vast area near his village. Soon Kiran’s garden attracted many tourists.
A chemical factory, which promised jobs for many people in the village, is being set up near kiran’s village. Kiran came to know that the chemical factory would cause a lot of damage to the environment of his village. So, he spoke to the president of the village about this issue and, he came to know that everyone was aware of the issues. However, the president pointed out the benefits of the development: that people are going to get employed and will have better lives.
Still Kiran believes, it’s a wrong idea to put up a chemical plant and degrade the environment. So, he took up the issue to the government and asked them to halt the chemical factory construction. However, the authorities rejected his proposal saying such action would slow down the economic progress.
Kiran wants to resolve this issue. However his business is also indirectly responsible for the environmental degradation.

Question 112

Kiran wanted to advise the government and developed the following alternatives. Choose the best alternative.

Question 113

If you are heading the government, which among the following measures would you take?

Instructions

For the following questions answer them individually

Question 114

A,B,C,D, E and F are the male members in a family, spread over three generations.

i. A is related to C and D in the same way B is related to E.

ii. A is related to B in the same way C is related to D

iii. F is related to A in the same way B is related to E

Who is the youngest of all the members?

Instructions

Krishna Reddy was the head of a pharmaceutical company that was trying to develop a new product.

Reddy, along with his friend Prabhakar Rao, assessed that such products had mixed success. Reddy and Rao realized that if a new product (a drug) was a success, it may result in sales of 100 crores but if it is unsuccessful, the sales may be only 20 crores. They further assessed that a new drug was likely to be successful 50% of times.

Cost of launching the new drug was likely to be 50 crores.

Question 115

Now, Reddy and Rao were in a quandary whether the company should go ahead and market the drug. They contacted Raj Adduri, a common friend for advice. Adduri was of the opinion that given the risky nature of launch, it may -be a better idea to test the market. Rao and Reddy realized test marketing would cost 10 crores. Adduri told them the previous test marketing results have been favorable 70% of times and success rate of products favorably tested was 80%. Further, when test marketing results were unfavorable; the products have been successful 30% of the times. How much profit can the company expect to make if the product is launched after favorable test marketing results (assume there are no additional costs)? What is the probability of product failure if Reddy and Rao decides to test market it?

Instructions

Please read the three reports (newspaper articles) on ranking of different players and products in smart phones industry and answer the questions that follow.

Report 1: (Feb, 2013):

Apple nabs crown as current top US mobile phone vendor Apple's reign may not be long, as Samsung is poised to overtake Apple in April, 2013. For the first time since Apple entered the mobile phone market in 2007, it has been ranked the top mobile phone vendor in the US. For the latter quarter of 2012, sales of its iPhone accounted for 34 percent of all mobile phone sales in the US - including feature phones - according to the latest data from Strategy Analytics.

While the iPhone has consistently been ranked the top smartphone sold in the US, market research firm NPD noted that feature phone sales have fallen off a cliff recently, to the point where 8 out of every 10 mobile phones sold in the US are now smartphones. That ratio is up considerably from the end of 2011, when smartphones had just cracked the 50 percent mark. Given this fact, it's no surprise that Apple, which only sells smartphones, has been able to reach the top of the overall mobile phone market domestically. For the fourth quarter of 2012, Apple ranked number one with 34 percent of the US mobile market, up from 25.6 percent year over year. Samsung grew similarly, up to 32.3 percent from 26.9 percent - but not enough to keep from slipping to second place. LG dropped to 9 percent from 13.7 percent, holding its third place spot. It should be noted that Samsung and LG both sell a variety of feature phones in addition to smartphones. Looking only at smartphones, the ranking is a little different according to NPD. Apple holds the top spot with 39 percent of the US smartphone market, while Samsung again sits at number two with 30 percent. Motorola manages to rank third with 7 percent, while HTC dropped to fourth with 6 percent. In the US smartphone market, LG is fifth with 6 percent. Note how the percentages aren't all that different from overall mobile phone market share - for all intents and purposes, the smartphone market is the mobile phone market in the US going forward. Still, Samsung was the top mobile phone vendor overall for 2012, and Strategy Analytics expects Samsung to be back on top soon. "Samsung had been the number one mobile phone vendor in the US since 2008, and it will surely be keen to recapture that title in 2013 by launching improved new models such as the rumored Galaxy S4." And while Apple is the top vendor overall among smartphones, its iOS platform is still second to the Android platform overall. Samsung is the largest vendor selling Android-based smartphones, but Motorola, HTC, LG, and others also sell Android devices, giving the platform a clear advantage over iOS both domestically and globally.

Report2: Reader's Response (2013, Feb) I don't actually believe the numbers for Samsung. Ever since the debacle in early 2011, when Lenovo called into question the numbers Samsung was touting for tablet shipments, stating that Samsung had only sold 20,000 of the 1.5 million tablets they shipped into the US the last quarter of 2010, Samsung (who had no response to Lenovo) has refused to supply quarterly sales numbers for smartphones or tablets. That's an indication that their sales aren't what analysts are saying. We can look to several things to help understand why. In the lawsuit between Apple and Samsung here last year, both were required to supply real sales numbers for devices under contention. The phones listed turned out to have sales between one third and one half of what had been guessed by IDC and others. Tablet sales were even worse. Of the 1.5 million tablets supposedly shipped to the US during that time, only 38,000 were sold.

Then we have the usage numbers. Samsung tablets have only a 1.5% usage rate, where the iPad has over 90%. Not as much a difference with the phones but it's still overwhelmingly in favor of the iPhone.

The problem is that with Apple's sales, we have actual numbers to go by. The companies who estimate can calibrate what they do after those numbers come out. But with Samsung and many others, they can't ever calibrate their methods, as there are no confirming numbers released from the firms. A few quarters ago, as a result, we saw iSupply estimate Samsung's smartphone sales for the quarter at 32 million, with estimates from others all over the place up to 50 million. Each time some other company reported a higher number for that same quarter, the press dutifully used that higher number as THE ONE. But none of them was the one. Without accurate self-reporting of actual sales to the end users, none of these market share charts are worth a damn!

Report3: Contradictory Survey (Feb, 2013)

iPhone5 Ranks Fifth In U.S. Customer Satisfaction Survey inShare

The iPhone5 ranks fifth in customer satisfaction according to the results of a recent survey from OnDevice Research, a mobile device research group. In the poll, they asked 320,000 smartphone and tablet users from six different countries, how, satisfied they were with their devices,. According to 93,825 people from the US, Motorola Atrix HD is the most satisfying and Motorola's Droid Razr took second spot. HTC Corp? (TPK:2498)'s Rezound 4G and Samsung Galaxy Note 2 took third and fourth spots, while Apple's iPhone5 landed in fifth spot. It appears that Apple may be lagging m consumer interest. GnDeviee Research, Sarah Quinn explained, "Although Apple created one of the most revolutionary devices of the past decade, other manufactures have caught up, with some Android powered devices now commanding higher levels of user satisfaction."

Despite the lower rankings, things aren't looking too bad for Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) elsewhere. In the United Kingdom, they ranked second place, right after HTC One X. Interesting enough, Apple did take top spot for overall satisfaction of mobile device, whereas Google Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOG) ranked second.. Motorola Mobility Holdings Inc. (NYSE:MMI), HTC Corp (TPE:2498), and Nokia Corporation (NYSE:NOK) took third, fourth, and fifth places respectively, while Sony Ericsson trailed behind at sixth place. The survey sampled mobile device users in the following countries: United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Japan, and Indonesia. Although OnDevice didn't share the full list of devices mentioned in the survey* it does show some insight to what customers want. Unfortunately, there were still many questions regarding the survey that were left unanswered. Everyone wants to know why Google Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOG) was on the list when they are not an actual smartphone maker and why was Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (LON:BC94) on the bottom of the satisfaction list when the brand is leading elsewhere.

Fortunately, those questions were answered by On Device Research's representative. He explained that the survey was conducted on mobile web where the survey software could detect the taker's device and since users rate their satisfaction levels on a 1 to 10 scale, thanks to the Nexus device, Google was included.

Question 116

Which of the following is more likely to be a correct conclusion about the respondent/reader in report2?

Instructions

Kiran, a nature lover, always wanted to become an entrepreneur, so that he could contribute to society and earn money as well. So, being a nature lover, he cultivated beautiful flower crops and trees in a vast area near his village. Soon Kiran’s garden attracted many tourists.
A chemical factory, which promised jobs for many people in the village, is being set up near kiran’s village. Kiran came to know that the chemical factory would cause a lot of damage to the environment of his village. So, he spoke to the president of the village about this issue and, he came to know that everyone was aware of the issues. However, the president pointed out the benefits of the development: that people are going to get employed and will have better lives.
Still Kiran believes, it’s a wrong idea to put up a chemical plant and degrade the environment. So, he took up the issue to the government and asked them to halt the chemical factory construction. However, the authorities rejected his proposal saying such action would slow down the economic progress.
Kiran wants to resolve this issue. However his business is also indirectly responsible for the environmental degradation.

Question 117

Assume that Kiran succeeded in protesting for environmental protection and took up so many environmental protection activities with the help of government, and few people in his village accused him stopping development and causing unemployment. Which among the following would be the best response to them?

Instructions

Please read the three reports (newspaper articles) on ranking of different players and products in smart phones industry and answer the questions that follow.

Report 1: (Feb, 2013):

Apple nabs crown as current top US mobile phone vendor Apple's reign may not be long, as Samsung is poised to overtake Apple in April, 2013. For the first time since Apple entered the mobile phone market in 2007, it has been ranked the top mobile phone vendor in the US. For the latter quarter of 2012, sales of its iPhone accounted for 34 percent of all mobile phone sales in the US - including feature phones - according to the latest data from Strategy Analytics.

While the iPhone has consistently been ranked the top smartphone sold in the US, market research firm NPD noted that feature phone sales have fallen off a cliff recently, to the point where 8 out of every 10 mobile phones sold in the US are now smartphones. That ratio is up considerably from the end of 2011, when smartphones had just cracked the 50 percent mark. Given this fact, it's no surprise that Apple, which only sells smartphones, has been able to reach the top of the overall mobile phone market domestically. For the fourth quarter of 2012, Apple ranked number one with 34 percent of the US mobile market, up from 25.6 percent year over year. Samsung grew similarly, up to 32.3 percent from 26.9 percent - but not enough to keep from slipping to second place. LG dropped to 9 percent from 13.7 percent, holding its third place spot. It should be noted that Samsung and LG both sell a variety of feature phones in addition to smartphones. Looking only at smartphones, the ranking is a little different according to NPD. Apple holds the top spot with 39 percent of the US smartphone market, while Samsung again sits at number two with 30 percent. Motorola manages to rank third with 7 percent, while HTC dropped to fourth with 6 percent. In the US smartphone market, LG is fifth with 6 percent. Note how the percentages aren't all that different from overall mobile phone market share - for all intents and purposes, the smartphone market is the mobile phone market in the US going forward. Still, Samsung was the top mobile phone vendor overall for 2012, and Strategy Analytics expects Samsung to be back on top soon. "Samsung had been the number one mobile phone vendor in the US since 2008, and it will surely be keen to recapture that title in 2013 by launching improved new models such as the rumored Galaxy S4." And while Apple is the top vendor overall among smartphones, its iOS platform is still second to the Android platform overall. Samsung is the largest vendor selling Android-based smartphones, but Motorola, HTC, LG, and others also sell Android devices, giving the platform a clear advantage over iOS both domestically and globally.

Report2: Reader's Response (2013, Feb) I don't actually believe the numbers for Samsung. Ever since the debacle in early 2011, when Lenovo called into question the numbers Samsung was touting for tablet shipments, stating that Samsung had only sold 20,000 of the 1.5 million tablets they shipped into the US the last quarter of 2010, Samsung (who had no response to Lenovo) has refused to supply quarterly sales numbers for smartphones or tablets. That's an indication that their sales aren't what analysts are saying. We can look to several things to help understand why. In the lawsuit between Apple and Samsung here last year, both were required to supply real sales numbers for devices under contention. The phones listed turned out to have sales between one third and one half of what had been guessed by IDC and others. Tablet sales were even worse. Of the 1.5 million tablets supposedly shipped to the US during that time, only 38,000 were sold.

Then we have the usage numbers. Samsung tablets have only a 1.5% usage rate, where the iPad has over 90%. Not as much a difference with the phones but it's still overwhelmingly in favor of the iPhone.

The problem is that with Apple's sales, we have actual numbers to go by. The companies who estimate can calibrate what they do after those numbers come out. But with Samsung and many others, they can't ever calibrate their methods, as there are no confirming numbers released from the firms. A few quarters ago, as a result, we saw iSupply estimate Samsung's smartphone sales for the quarter at 32 million, with estimates from others all over the place up to 50 million. Each time some other company reported a higher number for that same quarter, the press dutifully used that higher number as THE ONE. But none of them was the one. Without accurate self-reporting of actual sales to the end users, none of these market share charts are worth a damn!

Report3: Contradictory Survey (Feb, 2013)

iPhone5 Ranks Fifth In U.S. Customer Satisfaction Survey inShare

The iPhone5 ranks fifth in customer satisfaction according to the results of a recent survey from OnDevice Research, a mobile device research group. In the poll, they asked 320,000 smartphone and tablet users from six different countries, how, satisfied they were with their devices,. According to 93,825 people from the US, Motorola Atrix HD is the most satisfying and Motorola's Droid Razr took second spot. HTC Corp? (TPK:2498)'s Rezound 4G and Samsung Galaxy Note 2 took third and fourth spots, while Apple's iPhone5 landed in fifth spot. It appears that Apple may be lagging m consumer interest. GnDeviee Research, Sarah Quinn explained, "Although Apple created one of the most revolutionary devices of the past decade, other manufactures have caught up, with some Android powered devices now commanding higher levels of user satisfaction."

Despite the lower rankings, things aren't looking too bad for Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) elsewhere. In the United Kingdom, they ranked second place, right after HTC One X. Interesting enough, Apple did take top spot for overall satisfaction of mobile device, whereas Google Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOG) ranked second.. Motorola Mobility Holdings Inc. (NYSE:MMI), HTC Corp (TPE:2498), and Nokia Corporation (NYSE:NOK) took third, fourth, and fifth places respectively, while Sony Ericsson trailed behind at sixth place. The survey sampled mobile device users in the following countries: United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Japan, and Indonesia. Although OnDevice didn't share the full list of devices mentioned in the survey* it does show some insight to what customers want. Unfortunately, there were still many questions regarding the survey that were left unanswered. Everyone wants to know why Google Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOG) was on the list when they are not an actual smartphone maker and why was Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (LON:BC94) on the bottom of the satisfaction list when the brand is leading elsewhere.

Fortunately, those questions were answered by On Device Research's representative. He explained that the survey was conducted on mobile web where the survey software could detect the taker's device and since users rate their satisfaction levels on a 1 to 10 scale, thanks to the Nexus device, Google was included.

Question 118

If you analyze the three reports above, which of the following statements would be the best inference?

Instructions

Intercontinental Business Manufacturing (IBM) was doing a roaring business. Demand of the products was high and supply of raw-material was abundant. IBM was manufacturing three different products. Some customers bought two types of products and some bought only one. The three products were "quickie quick", "run-of-the-mill", and "maxi-max". Customers were not complaining loudly.

Ram, the product manager, was confused! Demand for "quickie-quick" was increasing. Raw material suppliers wanted to supply lower quality at cheaper price. It was profitable for the company to increase production. Quality department was not happy with the product. Ram met Rahim, the CEO, who, as always, wanted higher profits. He said that IBM will set up a committee for improving the quality.

Question 119

What must not be done by Ram?

Instructions

Stephen, a young Performance Analyst in the Italian football club Inter Milan came to work early to assist the Coach to prepare a report for an upcoming team meeting. When he switched on his computer he saw the following email from the clubs Manager
June 12, 2016
Dear Mr Stephen,
It is a matter of serious concern that there is no significant improvement in your behaviour despite repeated verbal warnings. Please treat this letter as a warning for your unacceptable behaviour.
We would be left with no choice but to suspend or relieve you from work if this attitude continues.
We expect you to rectify your follies and observe good conduct from here on. At the same time I would like to reaffirm that you are very valuable for the organization.
Best Wishes
Mr. Rudolf
Manager

Question 120

After a few weeks Mr Rudolph comes to know that the allegations against Rudolph by his colleagues might have been due to pressure from the head coach Mr. Travis. This might be because Stephen refused to comply with some of the un-wanted standards of Travis. Mr Rudolph felt sorry for the email he sent to Stephen and wanted to settle the dispute between Stephen and Travis. He was contemplating the following actions:
(i) Have a friendly chat with Stephen and convey how valuable he is to the organization
(ii) Arrange a meeting between Mr. Stephen and Mr. Travis and sort out the differences between them
(iii) Have a friendly chat with Stephen about his career prospects in the club
(iv) Having a friendly chat with Travis and convey that Stephen is more valuable to the club than him
(v) Have a friendly chat with Travis and convey to him that Stephen is a valuable employee to the organization and losing him would cost the organization dearly
Which is the best sequence of actions to solve the problem at hand?

Instructions

The Mumbai Cricket Association recently upgraded the Oval stadium and increased the entry fee for International Cricket matches. During the test match between India and England some angry spectators took to twitter complaining about the poor cleanliness in the stadium. There was a lot of litter in the seating area and many bucket seats were in terrible condition. The spectators were highly disappointed with the stadium facilities and lack of a clean environment despite paying higher fees than normal.

Question 121

The BCCI Operations Chief appointed a team of experts to look into all problems affecting spectators in cricket grounds. The results of the survey indicated that the passengers were bothered by various things including:
i. Small display TV’s inside the stadium
ii. Unsanitary conditions of the toilets
iii. Small and uncomfortable seats
iv. Unauthorized entry of people leading to overcrowding
v. Long queues in ticket lines
vi. Lack of proper cooling facilities inside the stadium
Which of the following decisions will most likely resolve at least two of the problems faced by the spectators?

Instructions

Read the given passage and answer the following questions:
Deals.com is an e-commerce marketplace which connects millions of subscribers with local merchants by offering activities, travel, goods etc. In order to sign up new merchants to their company they engage thousand of sales employees. The salaries of the employees are purely dependent on the sales they achieve each month. Rafeeq is the new General Manager of the Company. He was highly dissatisfied by the policy of the company to depend only on the sales of the employee. He wanted to introduce more parameters along with sales to a factor in deciding the salary of the company such as customer relationship and collection of information.

Question 122

The top management of Deals.com refused to implement the proposal of the new GM from the beginning of the next month. Which of the following would be the most justified reasons for the managements decision?

Instructions

Two years ago, the Tamil Nadu Ranji cricket team saw differences between few players and the captain due to disagreement on small issue. The team manager complained to the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association (TNCA) that these differences have arisen due to poor management of the players by the Captain. To deal with issue, TNCA has started a training program for the Captain and Vice-Captain of Tamil Nadu Ranji cricket team. The coach Kamal Hassan was responsible for this program. The aim of this program was to train the captain and vice-captain of the team, with emphasis on soft skills on how to handle the other players of the team. One day Kamal Hassan received an e-mail from Rajni Kanth, the team manager.

Dear Kamal,
As you know, there was an issue with Vijayakanth, the vice-captain, in the last team meeting. He had a heated argument with Dhanush, one of the newer players. In front of the entire team, Vijayakanth has asked for an apology from Dhanush. So, in light of Vijayakanth’s outburst in the team meeting, it looks like the captain and vice-captain are not getting much benefit from your training program. So the board is scrap the program. If you want to save your training program, you need to improve it and make it effective.
From,
Rajni Kanth,
Team Manager.

Question 123

What should be the course of action taken by Kamal Hassan to save his training program?

Instructions

GEM toys is one of the top toy manufacturers in the world. The top three toys produced by GEM are – “Robo-i”, “Magic Home” and “Big wheels”. Most of the customers were buying one among these three models and some of them were even purchasing two of the model types. Abundance of cheap raw materials was available to GEM toys and business was booming for them.
Saxena is a senior product manager in GEM toys. He observed that the demand for “Robo-i” was increasing day by day. Also the suppliers wanted to supply more raw materials for “Robo-i” at a cheaper rate but with low quality to meet the increased demands. Increasing the production would mean higher profits for the company. But the quality department was unhappy with the quality of raw materials. So Saxena met with the CEO, Mr Harris who is primary focus was higher profits for the company. On hearing Saxena , the CEO decided to set up a committee to handle the matter of quality problem.

Question 124

Mr Saxena on observing the reviews given by customers to “Magic Home” and “Big wheels” on the company website comes to know that customers are not very satisfied with both the products. What should Mr. Saxena do in this situation?

Instructions

A new reform which is set to be introduced by the Government requires companies to disclose the gap between the pay of top Executives and the average employees. This initiative is undertaken by the government to reduce the wage disparity between the top executives and average workers in a company. Over the last 20 years, the C level employees pay has gone up 150 times compared to the average worker pay. Thus, the pay of top executives is very high compared to that of an average worker in the company. The top executives and businesses fear that this new reform would cause unrest between the employees and top- executives. So the top executives and businesses have opposed this new initiative by the government.

Question 125

Which of the following if true would be the best argument by the top executives against the reform?

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Chococandy, a chocolate company, was experiencing increase in sales year after year. People were happy with the products, demand was soaring and supply was sufficient. Chococandy produced three types of candies- Milky, Silky, and Nutty. The main consumers of Chococandy were children of age below 12. Some of the children bought two types of chocolates while some bought only one.
But the Head of Product Division, Mr. Saxena, was confused. The demand for Nutty chocolate was increasing. Their raw material supplier, Wells Cargo, wanted to supply lower quality cocoa required for Nutty at cheaper price. Although, it was profitable for the company to increase production, the management was not happy with the quality of the product. Mr. Saxena met Mr. Katiyar, the chairperson of Chococandy, to discuss this matter. Mr. Katiyar, who is always after higher profits, said that the he will organize a meeting with the division heads to oversee the quality issue.

Question 126

Which of the following should Mr. Saxena definitely avoid?

Instructions

The Private taxi industry has seen a big impact on it due to the rising fuel costs. In the last two years, the fuel costs have risen by 35%. Considering the fact that the fuel costs make up more than 50% of the operational costs of taxis, the impact has been huge. To negotiate this impact, many companies in this sector have increased the per kilometre fares by up to 15%. But this has not received a positive response from the customers. This led to a 20% decrease in the number of people using taxis. These people have now started using traditional modes of transport like buses, trains etc. which are cheaper.

Gola Cabs, a taxi aggregator company, is now caught in this issue. Gola Cabs is the market leader and it has always provided exceptional services to its customers. Most people consider it the best in market in terms of comfort, safety and the array of services (like free Wi-Fi) they provide. Gola Cabs being backed by renowned investors has always lavishly spent money for the array of services it provides and has charged less from the customers. But now keeping in mind the increased fuel costs it is unable to sustain the same high level of services they are known to provide. So, Gola Cabs has now decided to gradually decrease the number of services it offers to its customers, thereby reducing its operational costs by up to 20%.

Question 127

If the fuel prices drop by 40-45% from their current increased rates, will Gola Cabs be profitable in such a scenario?

Instructions

Answer the given questions on the basis of the email given below:
To the Principal:
Dear Mr. Aaditya,
In the recently concluded meeting on 5th, November it was decided that no two Head of Departments would be part of the same committee. It has recently come to my attention that Mr. Kumar and Mr. Roy would be serving in the Sports Committee and both have been nominated to be the Head of Departments in their respective departments. As you know this is in direct disregard to the rules finalized by the Members of the Advisory Committee on 5th, November. 2011. I would hope that sufficient action be taken by the Disciplinary Committee (in which both Mr.Kumar and Mr. Roy are currently a part of) so that this problem will be remedied.
Yours Sincerely,
Joshua

Question 128

If both the nominations are confirmed, which of the following, exhaustively and reasonably, describes actions that may occur in the near future?

Instructions

The Private taxi industry has seen a big impact on it due to the rising fuel costs. In the last two years, the fuel costs have risen by 35%. Considering the fact that the fuel costs make up more than 50% of the operational costs of taxis, the impact has been huge. To negotiate this impact, many companies in this sector have increased the per kilometre fares by up to 15%. But this has not received a positive response from the customers. This led to a 20% decrease in the number of people using taxis. These people have now started using traditional modes of transport like buses, trains etc. which are cheaper.

Gola Cabs, a taxi aggregator company, is now caught in this issue. Gola Cabs is the market leader and it has always provided exceptional services to its customers. Most people consider it the best in market in terms of comfort, safety and the array of services (like free Wi-Fi) they provide. Gola Cabs being backed by renowned investors has always lavishly spent money for the array of services it provides and has charged less from the customers. But now keeping in mind the increased fuel costs it is unable to sustain the same high level of services they are known to provide. So, Gola Cabs has now decided to gradually decrease the number of services it offers to its customers, thereby reducing its operational costs by up to 20%.

Question 129

Which of the following could be said to be the causal factors of the situation in which Gola Cabs is in now?
1) Greedy customers
2) Increased fuel costs
3) Careless drivers
4) Wrong pricing strategy

Question 130

The decision to reduce the number of services provided, being thought out by Gola Cabs may be

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Samrat is an experienced HR manager at a reputed IT firm where he manages a team of 10 people in Banagalore. His duties include overseeing the recruitment process, looking after the training and induction course, guiding and mentoring the members of his team, and other tasks associated with the HR domain.

Question 131

The higher management has decided that every year the firm will recruit only 200 candidates and that too from only the premier institutes in the country. The management committee has suggested a list of 60 campuses and the head of recruitment process wants Samrat to narrow down the list to 10 institutes so that the recruitment process becomes even more efficient.
Which of the following is the best strategy that Samrat should employ?

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Chococandy, a chocolate company, was experiencing increase in sales year after year. People were happy with the products, demand was soaring and supply was sufficient. Chococandy produced three types of candies- Milky, Silky, and Nutty. The main consumers of Chococandy were children of age below 12. Some of the children bought two types of chocolates while some bought only one.
But the Head of Product Division, Mr. Saxena, was confused. The demand for Nutty chocolate was increasing. Their raw material supplier, Wells Cargo, wanted to supply lower quality cocoa required for Nutty at cheaper price. Although, it was profitable for the company to increase production, the management was not happy with the quality of the product. Mr. Saxena met Mr. Katiyar, the chairperson of Chococandy, to discuss this matter. Mr. Katiyar, who is always after higher profits, said that the he will organize a meeting with the division heads to oversee the quality issue.

Question 132

Recently Mr. Rajori, head of Sales Department, has been receiving complaints regarding Milky and Silky. He expresses his concerns to Mr. Saxena who then tells him that the division heads have decided to keep producing the three products and also increase the price of each.
What should Mr. Rajori do?

Instructions

Read the information given below and answer the questions which follow.
ICC is a body which manages the international affairs of cricket. There are 10 permanent members of ICC and 20 Associate members. BCCI is a body which manages the cricket in India. Out of the total revenues of ICC, 40% comes from BCCI. 5 permanent members of the ICC want to host the next cricket world cup. ICC wants to have lucky draw to decide who will host the world cup. However, BCCI is threatening to back out from the tournament if it is not given the chance to host the tournament. If BCCI opts out from the tournament, it will lead to huge financial losses for ICC.

Question 133

The ICC is planning a international tournament in April-May. However, BCCI hosts its T-20 tournament IPL during the same window. So BCCI requests ICCI to re-schedule the international tournament. Which of the following is likely to convince ICC to reschedule the tournament?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

Head of a nation in the Nordic region was struggling with the slowing economy on one hand and restless citizens on the other. In addition, his opponents were doing everything possible to discredit his government. As a famous saying goes, “There is no smoke without a lire”, it cannot be said that the incumbent government was doing all the right things. There were reports of acts of omission and commission coming out every other day.

Distribution of public resources for private businesses and for private consumption had created a lot of problems for the government, it was being alleged that the government has given the right to exploit these public resources at throw-away prices to some private companies. Some of the citizens were questioning the government policies in the Supreme Court of the country as well as in the media. In the midst of all this, the head of the nation called his cabinet colleagues for a meeting on the recent happenings in the country.

He asked his minister of water resources about the bidding process for allocation of rights to setup mini- hydel power plants. To this, the minister replied that his ministry had followed the laid out policies of the government. Water resources were allocated to those private companies that bid the highest and were technically competent. The minister continued that later on some new companies had shown interest and they were allowed to enter the sector as per the guidelines of the Government. This, the minister added, would facilitate proper utilization of water resources and provide better services to the citizens. The new companies were allocated the rights at the price set by the highest bidders in the previous round of bidding. After hearing this, the head of the nation replied that one would expect the later allocations to be done after a fresh round of bidding. The minister of water resources replied that his ministry had taken permissions from the concerned ministries before allocating the resources to the new companies.

Question 134

Looking at the public unrest and discontent, the Government’s anti-corruption branch was entrusted with the task of investigating the matter. Within a week’s time the branch charge sheeted top corporate managers and the minister for wrong doings. Mr. Swamy was again asked to identify the guilty. Who should Mr. Swamy pick?

Instructions

In a valid lottery ticket six unique numbers are present such that they follow the conditions given below.
Condition 1: Each of the six numbers in a valid lottery ticket is greater than 1000.
Condition 2: The GCD of any two numbers in a valid lottery ticket is greater than 5.
Condition 3: Atleast one digit is common between any two consecutive numbers in a valid lottery ticket.
Condition 4: Not more than 3 numbers start with the same digit in a valid lottery ticket.
Condition 5: Atleast 4 consecutive numbers are in ascending order.

Question 135

If the first five numbers of a valid lottery ticket are 9516,7991,1403,1891 and 2501 which of the following can't be the sixth number?

Instructions

For the following questions answer them individually

Question 136

W, X, Y and Z should be seated in a column such that Y and Z sit together and X sits in the second place. Then which of the following is necessarily true?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

Head of a nation in the Nordic region was struggling with the slowing economy on one hand and restless citizens on the other. In addition, his opponents were doing everything possible to discredit his government. As a famous saying goes, “There is no smoke without a lire”, it cannot be said that the incumbent government was doing all the right things. There were reports of acts of omission and commission coming out every other day.

Distribution of public resources for private businesses and for private consumption had created a lot of problems for the government, it was being alleged that the government has given the right to exploit these public resources at throw-away prices to some private companies. Some of the citizens were questioning the government policies in the Supreme Court of the country as well as in the media. In the midst of all this, the head of the nation called his cabinet colleagues for a meeting on the recent happenings in the country.

He asked his minister of water resources about the bidding process for allocation of rights to setup mini- hydel power plants. To this, the minister replied that his ministry had followed the laid out policies of the government. Water resources were allocated to those private companies that bid the highest and were technically competent. The minister continued that later on some new companies had shown interest and they were allowed to enter the sector as per the guidelines of the Government. This, the minister added, would facilitate proper utilization of water resources and provide better services to the citizens. The new companies were allocated the rights at the price set by the highest bidders in the previous round of bidding. After hearing this, the head of the nation replied that one would expect the later allocations to be done after a fresh round of bidding. The minister of water resources replied that his ministry had taken permissions from the concerned ministries before allocating the resources to the new companies.

Question 137

Subsequently, the minister questioned the role of the media in the Whole affair. He said that the media cannot act like a reporter, prosecutor and judge at the same time. Mr. Swamy, an independent observer, was asked about appropriateness of the minister’s opinion. What should be Mr. Swamy’s reply?

Instructions

Please read the three reports (newspaper articles) on ranking of different players and products in smart phones industry and answer the questions that follow.

Report 1: (Feb, 2013):

Apple nabs crown as current top US mobile phone vendor Apple's reign may not be long, as Samsung is poised to overtake Apple in April, 2013. For the first time since Apple entered the mobile phone market in 2007, it has been ranked the top mobile phone vendor in the US. For the latter quarter of 2012, sales of its iPhone accounted for 34 percent of all mobile phone sales in the US - including feature phones - according to the latest data from Strategy Analytics.

While the iPhone has consistently been ranked the top smartphone sold in the US, market research firm NPD noted that feature phone sales have fallen off a cliff recently, to the point where 8 out of every 10 mobile phones sold in the US are now smartphones. That ratio is up considerably from the end of 2011, when smartphones had just cracked the 50 percent mark. Given this fact, it's no surprise that Apple, which only sells smartphones, has been able to reach the top of the overall mobile phone market domestically. For the fourth quarter of 2012, Apple ranked number one with 34 percent of the US mobile market, up from 25.6 percent year over year. Samsung grew similarly, up to 32.3 percent from 26.9 percent - but not enough to keep from slipping to second place. LG dropped to 9 percent from 13.7 percent, holding its third place spot. It should be noted that Samsung and LG both sell a variety of feature phones in addition to smartphones. Looking only at smartphones, the ranking is a little different according to NPD. Apple holds the top spot with 39 percent of the US smartphone market, while Samsung again sits at number two with 30 percent. Motorola manages to rank third with 7 percent, while HTC dropped to fourth with 6 percent. In the US smartphone market, LG is fifth with 6 percent. Note how the percentages aren't all that different from overall mobile phone market share - for all intents and purposes, the smartphone market is the mobile phone market in the US going forward. Still, Samsung was the top mobile phone vendor overall for 2012, and Strategy Analytics expects Samsung to be back on top soon. "Samsung had been the number one mobile phone vendor in the US since 2008, and it will surely be keen to recapture that title in 2013 by launching improved new models such as the rumored Galaxy S4." And while Apple is the top vendor overall among smartphones, its iOS platform is still second to the Android platform overall. Samsung is the largest vendor selling Android-based smartphones, but Motorola, HTC, LG, and others also sell Android devices, giving the platform a clear advantage over iOS both domestically and globally.

Report2: Reader's Response (2013, Feb) I don't actually believe the numbers for Samsung. Ever since the debacle in early 2011, when Lenovo called into question the numbers Samsung was touting for tablet shipments, stating that Samsung had only sold 20,000 of the 1.5 million tablets they shipped into the US the last quarter of 2010, Samsung (who had no response to Lenovo) has refused to supply quarterly sales numbers for smartphones or tablets. That's an indication that their sales aren't what analysts are saying. We can look to several things to help understand why. In the lawsuit between Apple and Samsung here last year, both were required to supply real sales numbers for devices under contention. The phones listed turned out to have sales between one third and one half of what had been guessed by IDC and others. Tablet sales were even worse. Of the 1.5 million tablets supposedly shipped to the US during that time, only 38,000 were sold.

Then we have the usage numbers. Samsung tablets have only a 1.5% usage rate, where the iPad has over 90%. Not as much a difference with the phones but it's still overwhelmingly in favor of the iPhone.

The problem is that with Apple's sales, we have actual numbers to go by. The companies who estimate can calibrate what they do after those numbers come out. But with Samsung and many others, they can't ever calibrate their methods, as there are no confirming numbers released from the firms. A few quarters ago, as a result, we saw iSupply estimate Samsung's smartphone sales for the quarter at 32 million, with estimates from others all over the place up to 50 million. Each time some other company reported a higher number for that same quarter, the press dutifully used that higher number as THE ONE. But none of them was the one. Without accurate self-reporting of actual sales to the end users, none of these market share charts are worth a damn!

Report3: Contradictory Survey (Feb, 2013)

iPhone5 Ranks Fifth In U.S. Customer Satisfaction Survey inShare

The iPhone5 ranks fifth in customer satisfaction according to the results of a recent survey from OnDevice Research, a mobile device research group. In the poll, they asked 320,000 smartphone and tablet users from six different countries, how, satisfied they were with their devices,. According to 93,825 people from the US, Motorola Atrix HD is the most satisfying and Motorola's Droid Razr took second spot. HTC Corp? (TPK:2498)'s Rezound 4G and Samsung Galaxy Note 2 took third and fourth spots, while Apple's iPhone5 landed in fifth spot. It appears that Apple may be lagging m consumer interest. GnDeviee Research, Sarah Quinn explained, "Although Apple created one of the most revolutionary devices of the past decade, other manufactures have caught up, with some Android powered devices now commanding higher levels of user satisfaction."

Despite the lower rankings, things aren't looking too bad for Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) elsewhere. In the United Kingdom, they ranked second place, right after HTC One X. Interesting enough, Apple did take top spot for overall satisfaction of mobile device, whereas Google Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOG) ranked second.. Motorola Mobility Holdings Inc. (NYSE:MMI), HTC Corp (TPE:2498), and Nokia Corporation (NYSE:NOK) took third, fourth, and fifth places respectively, while Sony Ericsson trailed behind at sixth place. The survey sampled mobile device users in the following countries: United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Japan, and Indonesia. Although OnDevice didn't share the full list of devices mentioned in the survey* it does show some insight to what customers want. Unfortunately, there were still many questions regarding the survey that were left unanswered. Everyone wants to know why Google Inc. (NASDAQ:GOOG) was on the list when they are not an actual smartphone maker and why was Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. (LON:BC94) on the bottom of the satisfaction list when the brand is leading elsewhere.

Fortunately, those questions were answered by On Device Research's representative. He explained that the survey was conducted on mobile web where the survey software could detect the taker's device and since users rate their satisfaction levels on a 1 to 10 scale, thanks to the Nexus device, Google was included.

Question 138

Assume report 1 and report 3 are both correct, which of the following can be a reason for seemingly divergent ranks of different companies and their products?

Instructions

Ms. Banerjee, class teacher for 12th standard, wants to send teams (based on past performance) of three students each to district, state, national and international competition in mathematics. Till now, every student of the class has appeared in 100 school level tests. The students had following distribution of marks in the tests, in terms of "average" and "number of times a student scored cent per cent marks".

Ms. Banerjee has carefully studied chances of her school winning each of the competitions. Based on indepth calculations, she realized that her school is quite likely to win district level competition but has low chances of winning the international competition. She listed down the following probabilities of wins for different competitions. Prize was highest for international competition and lowest for district level competition (in that order).

All the students are studying in the school for last twelve years. She wanted to select the best team for all four competitions (Ms. Banerjee had no other information to select students).

Question 139

Which of three members should form the team for the International competition?

Question 140

Which of the following members should constitute the team for the district level competition?

Question 141

Ms. Banerjee has to select the team for national competition after she has selected the team for international competition. A student selected for international competition cannot be a part of national competition. Which is the best team for the national competition?

Instructions

Five candidates who went for interviews with XYZ Corporation were asked to fill their slot preferences. There were a total of five slots in the day; the 1st slot from 10-12, the 2nd slot from 12-2, the 3rd slot from 2-4, the 4th slot from 4-6 and the 5th slot from 6-8. The candidates were asked to give preferences for a minimum of 3 slots and a maximum of 5. If a candidate did not give any preference for a particular slot, he/she was not allotted that slot in any case.

The management tried to accommodate the slots to candidates in such a way that each candidate got a slot as per his/her best preference or close to that.

The preferences of the 5 candidates were as follows:

Question 142

How many candidates got the interview slots as per their best preference?

Instructions

In a monthly review meeting, the manager of HR of a company was informed by one of the team-leads that a member of his team, who was awarded the best employee of the month in the previous month was not taking interest in work and was planning to leave the company. The team-lead further informed the HR manager that despite the team-lead’s best efforts, the employee’s attitude and interest had in fact deteriorated. The HR manager decided to talk to the employee about the situation.

Question 143

During the meeting with the HR manager, the employee expressed his displeasure about the fact that many low-performing employees were being promoted, but hard-working and high-performing employees like himself were not being duly recognized. Which of the following steps would the HR manager take to create a better company?

Instructions

Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative.

A teacher wanted to administer a multiple choice (each question having six choices) based quiz of high difficulty levels to a class of sixty students. The quiz had sixty questions. The probability of selecting the correct answer for a good students and a brilliant student was 0.2 and 0.25 respectively. The poor students had no learning advantage. The teacher did not want students to cheat but does not have time and resources to monitor. All students were seated serially in 10 rows and 6 columns.

Question 144

Three good students were sitting next to each other. What is the probability of them having the same incorrect choice for four consecutive questions?

Instructions

Answer the given questions on the basis of the email given below:
To the Principal:
Dear Mr. Aaditya,
In the recently concluded meeting on 5th, November it was decided that no two Head of Departments would be part of the same committee. It has recently come to my attention that Mr. Kumar and Mr. Roy would be serving in the Sports Committee and both have been nominated to be the Head of Departments in their respective departments. As you know this is in direct disregard to the rules finalized by the Members of the Advisory Committee on 5th, November. 2011. I would hope that sufficient action be taken by the Disciplinary Committee (in which both Mr.Kumar and Mr. Roy are currently a part of) so that this problem will be remedied.
Yours Sincerely,
Joshua

Question 145

Which of the following is an essential flaw that the writer of the e-mail overlooked?

Instructions

Read the information given below and answer the questions which follow.
Malibaba is a Japanese e-commerce company. In the annual meeting of the board of directors, it is decided that company will expand its business overseas. They want to invest in at least 1 Asian country. The company forms a committee to analyze the market situation in various Asian countries. The committee studies the market conditions in developing Asian countries and boiled down its search to 3 different countries. The pros and cons for each of the countries are listed in a report which the committee submits to the board of directors. India is one of the prospective countries where Malibaba plans to invest. However, the country has restrictions on FDI in retail market. Moreover, there are already existing players like klipkart and napdeal in the Indian market. Another prospective country is Sri Lanka where there is no existing competitor but the market reach is low. In comparison to India’s 1.2 billion, the population of Sri Lanka is merely 20 million. The third prospective country is Pakistan. This country has a reasonably good market and there’s no competition . However, the country is not well developed and thus the purchasing power of the people is low. Moreover, because of being called a terrorist hub, there are also security concerns in Pakistan.

Question 146

Aman, a member of the board of directors of the company wants the company to invest in India. Which of the following reasons given by Aman can convince the board to invest in India?

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions which follow.
Kamal owns a fruit and juice shop. His shop is one of the most popular shops in the area as he only sells good and fresh fruits. He has grown very old so he decided to hand over the business to his sons Ajay and Vijay. However none of the two sons have any experience of the business.

Question 147

Ajay observed that his father used to sell fruits at 10% discount to some of his customers. He asked his father about it and he was told that these are loyal customers who have been shopping from him for more than 5 years.
Ajay, however, wants to discontinue this service. Which of the following reasons given by Ajay is likely to convince his father to discontinue additional discount service?

Instructions

Sridhar, an NRI who just returned back to India from USA, is an aspiring businessman who lives in Vijayawada. Vijayawada has a population of 10 lakhs with one of the highest per capita income among India cities. Sridhar is an avid cricket enthusiast. One day he wondered if he could mix his passion with business. Some days later, he came across an advertisement from Sports Today, which called for expression of interest from potential franchisees. Vijayawada did not have a single good cricket academy where young children can be moulded to become future cricket players.

Sports Today wanted the potential franchisees to own minimum 12000 square yards space and invest Rs.50 lakhs. While Sridhar was excited about working with a renowned brand, he was worried if Rs. 50 lakhs was too high an amount to shell out. He did not have the entire amount with him and was thinking of borrowing from the bank. He made enquiries with other Sports Today franchisees located in towns like Nagpur and Trichy, as he expected similar interest among people in a cricket academy. A franchisee in Nagpur had sales revenue varying from 1-2 lakhs rupees per month with profit margin in the range of 20- 25%. Satisfied, Sridhar decided to proceed.

Soon, he was on a look out for the space. Vijayawada had three main areas – Auto Nagar, Krishna Lanka and Machavaram. All areas were inter-connected by good roads. Auto Nagar was a business area where most of High end retail formats were located. Most upper middle class and higher class people were living there. It was also the education hub of the city. On the other hand, Krishna Lanka was a growing Lower middle class business area and Machavaram had mostly residential population.

Sridhar was in favour of choosing Auto Nagar as it was the place which seemed to be the best option. However, he soon stumbled across problems. Not only it was difficult to obtain space in Auto Nagar but property Rentals touched 3-4 rupees per square yard per month. Rentals at Krishna Lanka and Machavaram were in the Range of 1-2 rupees per square yard per month. Also, Sridhar’s friend, who stayed in Krishna Lanka, told him that there was a growing interest in cricket in Krishna Lanka and it seemed to be the fastest growing market in Vijayawada, with highest ratio of teenagers. But, Sridhar was not in favour of Krishna Lanka due to its low image. He expected to target school and college going crowd in Auto Nagar.

High real estate prices in Auto Nagar and his low assessment of Krishna Lanka market created confusion in Sridhar’s mind.

Question 148

Which of the following, if true, would clear the confusion in Sridhar’s mind?

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Animesh wanted to set up a fast-food joint in Bhopal. One day, while browsing the internet, he came across an advertisement from Mahajunk, a popular food chain, which called for interest from potential franchisees. Mahajunk required its franchisee to invest at least 50 lacs in the project and own a minimum area of 2000 square feet.
Animesh shortlisted three areas for his project- MP Nagar, Arera Hills, and Awadhpuri. MP Nagar was the commercial centre of the city with many malls and retail outlets. Due to presence of many coaching centres, it was also the education hub of the city. Due to the presence of high end brands’ outlets, mostly upper middle class customers shopped there. But the real estate prices were very high in this area. Awadhpuri was a growing lower middle class hub of the city which seemed to be the fastest growing market in Bhopal. Also there were few brand outlets which were opening in this area. Arera Hills was predominantly a residential area.
Animesh wanted to choose MP Nagar as it was the place from where he usually shopped but he had reservations about it as the property prices were very high. He was not in favour of Awadhpuri due to its low image. He expected to target the youth in MP Nagar. This created confusion in Animesh’s mind.

Question 149

Which of the following will help Animesh, in the best manner, to resolve his confusion?

Instructions

Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Samrat is an experienced HR manager at a reputed IT firm where he manages a team of 10 people in Banagalore. His duties include overseeing the recruitment process, looking after the training and induction course, guiding and mentoring the members of his team, and other tasks associated with the HR domain.

Question 150

Samrat and his team has interviewed 50 people for the post of software developer. They shortlisted 3 people for the position- Neha, who works in the same firm as an associate, Mohit, who was referred by a lead analyst, and Ashish, who applied directly for the position. After the final HR round, they selected Ashish, who they thought, was the best fit for the position.
The next day Neha comes to Samrat and expresses that she is really angry and has no faith in the hiring process as she was ignored despite having more experience in the domain and a better idea of the work culture in the firm. She also alleges Samrat of being sexist.
How should Samrat handle the situation considering that Neha has been working in the firm for several years?

Instructions

Stephen, a young Performance Analyst in the Italian football club Inter Milan came to work early to assist the Coach to prepare a report for an upcoming team meeting. When he switched on his computer he saw the following email from the clubs Manager
June 12, 2016
Dear Mr Stephen,
It is a matter of serious concern that there is no significant improvement in your behaviour despite repeated verbal warnings. Please treat this letter as a warning for your unacceptable behaviour.
We would be left with no choice but to suspend or relieve you from work if this attitude continues.
We expect you to rectify your follies and observe good conduct from here on. At the same time I would like to reaffirm that you are very valuable for the organization.
Best Wishes
Mr. Rudolf
Manager

Question 151

Initially the email distracted Mr. Stephen but he decided to focus on the job. Which of the following would be reason that he decided to do so?

Instructions

GEM toys is one of the top toy manufacturers in the world. The top three toys produced by GEM are – “Robo-i”, “Magic Home” and “Big wheels”. Most of the customers were buying one among these three models and some of them were even purchasing two of the model types. Abundance of cheap raw materials was available to GEM toys and business was booming for them.
Saxena is a senior product manager in GEM toys. He observed that the demand for “Robo-i” was increasing day by day. Also the suppliers wanted to supply more raw materials for “Robo-i” at a cheaper rate but with low quality to meet the increased demands. Increasing the production would mean higher profits for the company. But the quality department was unhappy with the quality of raw materials. So Saxena met with the CEO, Mr Harris who is primary focus was higher profits for the company. On hearing Saxena , the CEO decided to set up a committee to handle the matter of quality problem.

Question 152

Which of the following is not the best course of action for Mr. Saxena?

Question 153

Mr. Ravi Teja is the new Chief Operating Officer of GEM toys. In order to reduce the delay in shipping products he did some reshuffling of managers across different departments. He expected this action to reduce the customer complaints regarding delivery. But some of the managers were not happy with this move of reshuffling.
Which of the following is the best course of action by the affected managers?

Instructions

Anil started his career as a software developer in a product based IT firm. After working for three years, he started an e-commerce website freetm. He recruited Tarun as his assistant. Tarun is very hardworking in nature and showed a great interest towards learning different technologies. Soon he became well versed with all the technologies the company freetm use. Anil impressed with Tarun’s hardworking nature and raised his position from assistant to assistant technology officer.
Since freetm is an e-commerce company, it mainly relies on the technologies they use. The man behind the successful technological operations was the chief technology officer, Karthik. Freetm emerged quickly in the market by expanding its subscriber base from 1 million to 10 million in just one year and it also introduced freetm wallet, which became India’s largest payment service platform. As government announced demonetization, there was a surge in the usage digital services. So, freetm experienced a fourfold increase in number of transactions. Things were moving satisfactorily until Karthik resigned because of some health problems. This happened when Anil was busy introducing another important feature to the website. In order to make things going, Anil appointed Tarun as chief technological officer with a salary appraisal.

Question 154

Recently Anil received so many complaints from their subscribers that they could not transact successfully and they have been experiencing delays in transactions.
If you were in Anil’s place, what actions would you take?

Instructions

The Private taxi industry has seen a big impact on it due to the rising fuel costs. In the last two years, the fuel costs have risen by 35%. Considering the fact that the fuel costs make up more than 50% of the operational costs of taxis, the impact has been huge. To negotiate this impact, many companies in this sector have increased the per kilometre fares by up to 15%. But this has not received a positive response from the customers. This led to a 20% decrease in the number of people using taxis. These people have now started using traditional modes of transport like buses, trains etc. which are cheaper.

Gola Cabs, a taxi aggregator company, is now caught in this issue. Gola Cabs is the market leader and it has always provided exceptional services to its customers. Most people consider it the best in market in terms of comfort, safety and the array of services (like free Wi-Fi) they provide. Gola Cabs being backed by renowned investors has always lavishly spent money for the array of services it provides and has charged less from the customers. But now keeping in mind the increased fuel costs it is unable to sustain the same high level of services they are known to provide. So, Gola Cabs has now decided to gradually decrease the number of services it offers to its customers, thereby reducing its operational costs by up to 20%.

Question 155

What can Gola Cabs do so that it retains its customers when it changes the number of services it provides?

Instructions

Buzuki automobiles is popular worldwide for the motorcycles they manufacture. The company has a good track record of producing good motorcycles for the last two decades. The company has obtained permission to manufacture motorcycles in India by setting up a plant.

Vivek is a fresh graduate from a top MBA college in India, who has been recruited by Buzuki as an Operations Manager of the plant they are going to set up in India. He has been given an assurance of getting a chance to work on the new plant. To equip him with the needed skills the company may also give him a training opportunity abroad. So he is happy with the work, money and learning opportunities he would be getting at Buzuki.

Vivek joined the company by signing a three year bond. After two weeks, as the plant is not yet started, he is being asked to work in the servicing department where he would be required to clean and service old Buzuki motorcycles. This work is not what he was recruited for and this work does not help build his skill set also. One day he met another person, Ranjith, who was also recruited by Buzuki as a Manager. Ranjith had a better pay as he was from an Executive MBA course for professionals with considerable work experience. He later got to know that Ranjith had resigned from his job as he found the work profile unsuitable and unsatisfactory. Vivek is now worried about what he must do now.

Question 156

What is the first thing that Vivek must do now?

Instructions

The Mumbai Cricket Association recently upgraded the Oval stadium and increased the entry fee for International Cricket matches. During the test match between India and England some angry spectators took to twitter complaining about the poor cleanliness in the stadium. There was a lot of litter in the seating area and many bucket seats were in terrible condition. The spectators were highly disappointed with the stadium facilities and lack of a clean environment despite paying higher fees than normal.

Question 157

The poor conditions in the Oval stadium was brought to the attention of the BCCI operations chief Mr. Dinda. He directed the MCA authorities to look seriously into the matter and solve the issue as quickly as possible. If you are on the team reviewing the situation, which of the following decisions will you most likely recommend to increase the comfort levels of the spectators?

Instructions

Read the information given below and answer the questions which follow.
Ramesh is an owner of a successful construction company. A lot of credit for his success goes to his senior politician friend Anil who helped him secure important contracts. However, after some time Anil comes to know how Ramesh has been using sub standard material in his constructions which has endangered the lives of several hundred people. Anil decided to urge the government to blacklist Ramesh’s company from any further participation in government’s work.

Question 158

Ramesh comes to know about Anil’s intentions. So he goes to his office to talk to him. Which of the following reasons given by Ramesh is likely to convince Anil not to blacklist Ramesh’s company?

Instructions

Two years ago, the Tamil Nadu Ranji cricket team saw differences between few players and the captain due to disagreement on small issue. The team manager complained to the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association (TNCA) that these differences have arisen due to poor management of the players by the Captain. To deal with issue, TNCA has started a training program for the Captain and Vice-Captain of Tamil Nadu Ranji cricket team. The coach Kamal Hassan was responsible for this program. The aim of this program was to train the captain and vice-captain of the team, with emphasis on soft skills on how to handle the other players of the team. One day Kamal Hassan received an e-mail from Rajni Kanth, the team manager.

Dear Kamal,
As you know, there was an issue with Vijayakanth, the vice-captain, in the last team meeting. He had a heated argument with Dhanush, one of the newer players. In front of the entire team, Vijayakanth has asked for an apology from Dhanush. So, in light of Vijayakanth’s outburst in the team meeting, it looks like the captain and vice-captain are not getting much benefit from your training program. So the board is scrap the program. If you want to save your training program, you need to improve it and make it effective.
From,
Rajni Kanth,
Team Manager.

Question 159

Which of the following, if true, would weaken the argument of Rajni Kanth?

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