XAT Number Systems questions

XAT 2024 Number Systems questions

Question 1

Consider a 4-digit number of the form abbb, i.e., the first digit is a (a > 0) and the last three digits are all b.
Which of the following conditions is both NECESSARY and SUFFICIENT to ensure that the 4-digit number is divisible by a?

Question 2

The least common multiple of a number and 990 is 6930. The greatest common divisor of that number and 550 is 110.
What is the sum of the digits of the least possible value of that number?

XAT 2023 Number Systems questions

Question 1

Amit has forgotten his 4-digit locker key. He remembers that all the digits are positive integers and are different from each other. Moreover, the fourth digit is the smallest and the maximum value of the first digit is 3. Also, he recalls that if he divides the second digit by the third digit, he gets the first digit.

How many different combinations does Amit have to try for unlocking the locker?

Question 2

Suppose Haruka has a special key $$\triangle$$ in her caculator called delta key:

Rule 1: If the display shows a one-digit number, pressing delta key $$\triangle$$ replace the displayed number with twice its value.
Rule 2: If the display shows a two-digits number, pressing delta key $$\triangle$$ replace the displayed number with the number sum of two digits.
Suppose Haruka enters the value 1 and then presses delta key $$\triangle$$ repeated.
After pressing the key for 68 times, what will be the displayed number?

Question 3

The addition of 7 distinct positive integers is 1740. What is the largest possible “greatest common divisor” of these 7 distinct positive integers?

Question 4

Raju and Sarita play a number game. First, each one of them chooses a positive integer independently. Separately, they both multiply their chosen integers by 2, and then subtract 20 from their resultant numbers. Now, each of them has a new number. Then, they divide their respective new numbers by 5. Finally, they added their results and found that the sum is 16. What can be the maximum possible difference between the positive integers chosen by Raju and Sarita?

Question 5

There are three sections in a question paper and each section has 10 questions. First section only has multiple-choice questions, and 2 marks will be awarded for each correct answer. For each wrong answer, 0.5 marks will be deducted. Any unattempted question in this section will be treated as a wrong answer. Each question in the second section carries 3 marks, whereas each question in the third section carries 5 marks. For any wrong answer or un-attempted question in the second and third sections, no marks will be deducted. A student’s score is the addition of marks obtained in all the three sections. What is the sixth highest possible score?

XAT 2022 Number Systems questions

Question 1

A supplier receives orders from 5 different buyers. Each buyer places their order only on a Monday. The first buyer places the order after every 2 weeks, the second buyer, after every 6 weeks, the third buyer, after every 8 weeks, the fourth buyer, every 4 weeks, and the fifth buyer, after every 3 weeks. It is known that on January 1st, which was a Monday, each of these five buyers placed an order with the supplier.

On how many occasions, in the same year, will these buyers place their orders together excluding the order placed on January 1st?

Question 2

Wilma, Xavier, Yaska and Zakir are four young friends, who have a passion for integers. One day, each of them selects one integer and writes it on a wall. The writing on the wall shows that Xavier and Zakir picked positive integers, Yaska picked a negative one, while Wilma’s integer is either negative, zero or positive. If their integers are denoted by the first letters of their respective names, the following is true:

$$W^{4}+X^{3}+Y^{2}+Z\leq4$$
$$X^{3}+Z\geq2$$
$$W^{4}+Y^{2}\leq2$$
$$Y^{2}+Z\geq3$$
Given the above, which of these can $$W^{2}+X^{2}+Y^{2}+Z^{2}$$ possibly evaluate to?

Question 3

Fatima found that the profit earned by the Bala dosa stall today is a three-digit number. She also noticed that the middle digit is half of the leftmost digit, while the rightmost digit is three times the middle digit. She then randomly interchanged the digits and obtained a different number. This number was more than the original number by 198.

What was the middle digit of the profit amount?

Question 4

The Madhura Fruits Company is packing four types of fruits into boxes. There are 126 oranges, 162 apples, 198 guavas and 306 pears. The fruits must be packed in such a way that a given box must have only one type of fruit and must contain the same number of fruit units as any other box.

What is the minimum number of boxes that must be used?

XAT 2021 Number Systems questions

Question 1

An encryption system operates as follows:

Step 1. Fix a number k $$(k \leq 26)$$.

Step 2. For each word, swap the first k letters from the front with the last k letters from the end in reverse order. If a word contains less than 2k letters, write the entire word in reverse order.

Step 3. Replace each letter by a letter k spaces ahead in the alphabet. If you cross Z in the process to move k steps ahead, start again from A.

Example: k = 2: zebra --> arbez --> ctdgb.

If the word “flight” becomes “znmorl” after encryption, then the value of k:

Question 2

Zahir and Raman are at the entrance of a dark cave. To enter this cave, they need to open a number lock. Raman sees a note on a rock: “ ... chest of pure diamonds kept for the smart one ... number has six digits ... second last digit is 2, third last is 4 ... divisible by all prime numbers less than 15 ...”. Excited, Zahir and Raman seek your help: which of these can be the first digit of the six-digit number that will help them open the lock?

XAT 2020 Number Systems questions

Question 2

When expressed in a decimal form, which of the following numbers will be non - terminating as well as non-repeating?

Question 3

What is the remainder if $$19^{20} - 20^{19}$$ is divided by 7?

XAT 2019 Number Systems questions

Question 1

If $$\sqrt[3]{7^a\times 35^{b+1} \times 20^{c+2}}$$ is a whole number then which one of the statements below is consistent with it?

XAT 2018 Number Systems questions

Question 1

Find the value of the expression: $$10 + 10^3 + 10^6 + 10^9$$

Question 2

An antique store has a collection of eight clocks. At a particular moment, the displayed times on seven of the eight clocks were as follows: 1:55 pm, 2:03 pm, 2:11 pm, 2:24 pm, 2:45 pm, 3:19 pm and 4:14 pm. If the displayed times of all eight clocks form a mathematical series, then what was the displayed time on the remaining clock?

Question 3

X and Y are the digits at the unit's place of the numbers (408X) and (789Y) where X ≠ Y. However, the digits at the unit's place of the numbers $$(408X)^{63}$$ and $$(789Y)^{85}$$ are the same. What will be the possible value(s) of (X + Y)?