CAT 2022 Question Paper (Slot 1) - LRDI Question 9

Instructions

There are 15 girls and some boys among the graduating students in a class. They are planning a get-together, which can be either a 1-day event, or a 2-day event, or a 3-day event. There are 6 singers in the class, 4 of them are boys. There are 10 dancers in the class, 4 of them are girls. No dancer in the class is a singer.

Some students are not interested in attending the get-together. Those students who are interested in attending a 3-day event are also interested in attending a 2-day event; those who are interested in attending a 2-day event are also interested in attending a 1-day event.

The following facts are also known:
1. All the girls and 80% of the boys are interested in attending a 1-day event. 60% of the boys are interested in attending a 2-day event.
2. Some of the girls are interested in attending a 1-day event, but not a 2-day event; some of the other girls are interested in attending both.
3. 70% of the boys who are interested in attending a 2-day event are neither singers nor dancers. 60% of the girls who are interested in attending a 2-day event are neither singers nor dancers.
4. No girl is interested in attending a 3-day event. All male singers and 2 of the dancers are interested in attending a 3-day event.
5. The number of singers interested in attending a 2-day event is one more than the number of dancers interested in attending a 2-day event.

Question 9

What BEST can be concluded about the number of male dancers who are interested in attending a 1-day event?

Solution

No. of girls = 15

Let the no. of boys be x

No. of singers = 6

No of boys who are singers = 4

Therefore, no of girls who are singers = 2

No of dancers = 10

No of boys who are dancers = 6

Therefore, no. of girls who are dancers = 4

No. of boys who are neither singers nor dancers = x-10

No. of girls who are neither singers nor dancers = 9

Now we fill the above table,

using statements 1 and 2, we get the following table

Let the number of girls who are interested in attending a 2-day event be a and the number of girls who are dancers and are interested in 2-day event be b.

Now using statements 3 and 4, we get

$$2\le0.18x-4\le6$$

$$6\le0.18x\le10$$

0.18x should be integer for which x should be a multiple of 50, and 0.18x lies between 6 and 10; therefore, the only possible value of x is 50.

From statement 5, we can say that,

4+ 0.4a - b = 5+b +1

or, 0.4a = 2+2b

or, a = 5(1+b)

a should be a multiple of 5 as b is a whole number. So possible values of a can be 5, 10 or 15. Now, as the maximum value of b can be 4 and the maximum value of 0.4a-b can be 2, so the only possible value of a satisfying the conditions above is 5. If a= 5 then b=1.


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