Question 70

# The following question has a set of three statements. Each statement can be classified as one of the following.(i) Facts, which deal with pieces of information that one has heard, seen or read, and which are open to discovery or verification (the answer option indicates such a statement with an 'F').(ii) Inferences, which are conclusions drawn about the unknown, on the basis of the known (the answer option indicates such a statement with an 'I').(iii) Judgements, which are opinions th at imply approval or disapproval of persons, objects, situations and occurrences in the past, the present or the future (the answer option indicates such a statement with a 'J').Identify the Fact(F), Judgement(J) and Inference(I) from the given sentences1) “I don’t see Ritu. She said she was tired, so she must have gone home to bed.”2) “Ram’s been at the gym a lot; he must be trying to lose weight.”3) “Shera is a dog, and all dogs love belly rubs. So Shera must love belly rubs.”

Solution

The three statements given are inferences since we are drawing conclusions based on known facts.

Statement 1: The speaker does not see Ritu. Ritu had told the speaker that she was tired. From this known information, the speaker is concluding that Ritu must have gone home to bed.

Statement 2: The speaker knows that Ram is going to the gym a lot. From this information, the speaker is inferring that Ram must have been trying to lose weight.

Statement 3: It is known that Shera is a dog and all dogs love belly rubs. The speaker thus, infers from this that Shera must love belly rubs, too.

Hence, the answer is option B.

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