Instructions

According to a coding scheme the sentence:

"Peacock is designated as the national bird of India"  is coded as 5688999 35 1135556678 56 458 13666689 1334 79 13366

This coding scheme has the following rules:
a: The scheme is case-insensitive (does not distinguish between upper case and lower case letters).
b: Each letter has a unique code which is a single digit from among 1,2,3, …, 9.
c: The digit 9 codes two letters, and every other digit codes three letters.
d: The code for a word is constructed by arranging the digits corresponding to its letters in a non-decreasing sequence.

Answer these questions on the basis of this information.

Question 54

Which set of letters CANNOT be coded with the same digit?

Solution

We can see that India's code is 13366 therefore we can say that I's code is either 3 or 6. 

Also, we can see that code for word "is" is 35 therefore we can say that I's code is 3. Consequently, we can say that S's code is 5. 

Also, we can see that code of word 'as' is 56 therefore we can say that A's code is 6. Consequently, we can say that S's code is 5. 

There is only one letter 'O' common in words 'of' and 'national'. In code word as well only digit '9' is common in both. Hence, we can say that letter 'O' is assigned numerical '9'. Consequently, we can say that F is assigned number 7. 

It is given that '9' is assigned to only two alphabets one of them is 'O'. We can see that there are three 9's in Peacock's code. One of the digit '9' is used for 'O'.Remaining two 9's must represent same letter. We can see that only letter 'C' has appeared twice in Peacock. Therefore, we can say that 'C' is assigned number '9'.  

In word national 'N' has appeared twice. In code only digit '6' has appeared more than once. Hence, we can say that code of letter N is '6'. Consequently, we can say that code for letter 'D' is '1' because in India rest of the numerals are already taken. 

In words, 'the' and 'national' only letter 't' is common. In code as well only digit '8' is common in two codes. Hence, we can say that letter code for letter 't' is 8.   

In words, 'the' and 'peacock' only letter 'e' is common. In code as well only digit '5' is common in two codes. Hence, we can say that letter code for letter 'e' is 5. Consequently, we can say that leftover letter, in word "the", 'H's code is 4.

We can see that code for word "NATIONAL" is 13666689. Hence, we can say that code for the letter L is '1'. 

We can see that code for word "DESIGNATED" is 1135556678. Hence, we can say that code for the letter 'G' is '7'.

We can see that code for word "PEACOCK" is 5688999. Hence, we can say that code for the letters 'P' and 'K' is '8'.

Let us check this by options:

(A) S,E,Z: If letter 'Z' is assigned code '5' then this case is possible. 

(B) I,B,M: If letters 'B' and 'M' are assigned code '3' then this case is possible. 

(C) S,U,V: If letters 'U' and 'V' are assigned code '5' then this case is possible. But in that case digit 5 will have 4 letters associated with it which is not possible. Hence, this is the answer.  

(D) X,Y,Z: If letters 'X', 'Y' and 'Z' are assigned code '2' then this case is possible.

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