XAT 2013 Question 39


Read the following caselet and choose the best alternative:

 Island of Growth was witnessing a rapid increase in GDP. Its citizens had become wealthier in recent times, and there had been a considerable improvement in the standards of living. However, this rapid growth had increased corruption and nepotism in the Island. In the recent times, a fear had gripped the population that corruption would destroy the inclusive nature of the society and hinder economic progress. However, most citizens had kept quiet because:
a. they had benefited from the corruption indirectly, if not directly.
b. they did not have the time and energy to protest.
c. they did not have courage to rise against the established power centers.

There was a need to remove corruption but no one was willing to stick his neck out. Many politicians, bureaucrats and private organizations were corrupt. Media and intellectuals kept quiet, as they benefited indirectly from corruption. The common man was scared of state's retribution and the youngsters feared insecure future.

Against this background, an old, unmarried and illiterate gentleman of high moral and ethical authority, Shambhu, decided to take on the issue of corruption. He sat on a hunger strike in the heart of the capital city of the Island. Shambhu demanded that the Government should constitute new laws to punish the corrupt across all walks of life. Media and the citizens of the island gave massive support to Shambhu. Buckling under the pressure, the Government promised to accept Shambhu's demands. He ended the hunger strike immediately following the Government's announcement. Shambhu became the darling of the media. He used this opportunity as a platform to spread the message that only citizens with an unblemished character should be allowed to hold a public office.

A few months later, it was found that the Government had not fulfilled any of its promises made to Shambhu. Infuriated, he was thinking of launching another island-wide protest. However, this time, he sensed that not many people and media persons were willing to support him.

Question 39

Read the following statements:

1. People's latent anger against corruption
2. Shambhu's moral courage
3. Hungry media looking to raise issues
4. Raising income level

In your opinion, which combination of the above statements is the most unlikely reason for Shambhu's initial success?


Shambu's initial success was due to the latent anger in the people and Shambu's moral courage to stand up against corruption. Raising income level was not the reason for Shambu's initial success. Also, Shambu became the darling of the media once he was successful. It has not been given that media aided in furthering Shambu's struggle against corruption. 

Points 1 and 2 played a pivotal role in Shambu's initial success. Therefore, points 3 and 4 are unlikely to be the reasons for Shambu's initial success and hence, option B is the right answer. 

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