CAT 2023 Slot 2 Question Paper - DILR Question 11

Instructions

Three participants - Akhil, Bimal and Chatur participate in a random draw competition for five days. Every day, each participant randomly picks up a ball numbered between 1 and 9. The number on the ball determines his score on that day. The total score of a participant is the sum of his scores attained in the five days. The total score of a day is the sum of participants’ scores on that day. The 2-day average on a day, except on Day 1, is the average of the total scores of that day and of the previous day. For example, if the total scores of Day 1 and Day 2 are 25 and 20, then the 2-day average on Day 2 is calculated as 22.5. Table 1 gives the 2-day averages for Days 2 through 5.

Participants are ranked each day, with the person having the maximum score being awarded the minimum rank (1) on that day. If there is a tie, all participants with the tied score are awarded the best available rank. For example, if on a day Akhil, Bimal, and Chatur score 8, 7 and 7 respectively, then their ranks will be 1, 2 and 2 respectively on that day. These ranks are given in Table 2.

The following information is also known.
1. Chatur always scores in multiples of 3. His score on Day 2 is the unique highest score in the competition. His minimum score is observed only on Day 1, and it matches Akhil’s score on Day 4.
2. The total score on Day 3 is the same as the total score on Day 4.
3. Bimal’s scores are the same on Day 1 and Day 3.

Question 11

What is Akhil's score on Day 1?

Solution

Let the total score of day 1, day 2, day 3, day 4, and day 5 are d1, d2, d3, d4, and d5, respectively. 

The table shows that d1+d2 = 30 ... eq (1), d2+d3 = 31 ... eq (2), d3+d4 = 32 .... eq(3), d4+d5 = 34 ... eq(4)

It is given that participants are ranked each day, with the person having the maximum score being awarded the minimum rank (1) on that day. All participants with a tied score are awarded the best available rank if there is a tie.

It is given that the total score on Day 3 is the same as the total score on Day 4. 

Therefore, d3 = d4 => d3 = d4 = 16, which implies d2 = 15, d5 = 18, and d1 = 15.

The day-wise score is given below:

It is known that Chatur always scores in multiples of 3. His score on Day 2 is the unique highest score in the competition. His minimum score is observed only on Day 1, and it matches Akhil’s score on Day 4.

Hence, only Chatur scored 9 (one time) on Day 2, and no other person scored 9 on any of the given 5 days. Chatur scored 3 only one time, which was on Day 1. Therefore, the scores obtained by Chatur on Day 3, Day 4, and Day 5 are 6, 6, and 6, respectively. It is also known that Akhil's score on Day 4 is the same as the score obtained by Chatur on Day 1. Hence, Akhil's score on Day 4 is 3.

Hence, we get the following table:

From Table 2, we see that the rank of Bimal and Akhil is the same, which is 2. Hence, The score obtained by Akhil and Bimal is the same. Let the score be x. Therefore, 6+2x = 16 => x = 5

The rank of Chatur on Day 5 is 2, and the rank of Bimal is 1, which implies the score obtained by Bimal will be more than Chatur. Hence, Bimal can score either 7 or 8 on Day 5. Therefore, the score obtained by Akhil on Day 5 is either 5 or 4. 

It is given that Bimal’s scores are the same on Day 1 and Day 3. Hence, the score obtained by Bimal on Day 1 is 5, which implies The score obtained by Akhil is 7 on Day 1.

From Table 2, we can see that the rank of Bimal is 3 on Day 2, and the rank of Akhil is 2 on Day 2. Hence, the score of Bimal will be lower than Akhil on Day 2. 

Let the score of Akhil be a, and the score of Bimal be b. Then 9+a+b = 15, and a > b

=> a+b =6, and a> b

Hence, the value of a can be 4/5, and the value of b can be 2/1

Therefore, the final table is given below:

From the table, we can see that the score of Akhil is 7 on day 1.

The correct option is B


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