CAT 2017 Shift-1 Question 68

Question 68

A person can complete a job in 120 days. He works alone on Day 1. On Day 2, he is joined by another person who also can complete the job in exactly 120 days. On Day 3, they are joined by another person of equal efficiency. Like this, everyday a new person with the same efficiency joins the work. How many days are required to complete the job?


Correct Answer: 15

Solution

Let the rate of work of a person be x units/day. Hence, the total work = 120x.

It is given that one first day, one person works, on the second day two people work and so on.

Hence, the work done on day 1, day 2,... will be x, 2x, 3x, ... respectively.

The sum should be equal to 120x.

$$120x = x* \frac{n(n+1)}{2}$$

$$n^2 + n - 240 = 0$$

n = 15 is the only positive solution.

Hence, it takes 15 days to complete the work.


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