Question 30

# A tank is fitted with pipes, some filling it and the rest draining it. All filling pipes fill at the same rate, and all draining pipes drain at the same rate. The empty tank gets completely filled in 6 hours when 6 filling and 5 draining pipes are on, but this time becomes 60 hours when 5 filling and 6 draining pipes are on. In how many hours will the empty tank get completely filled when one draining and two filling pipes are on?

Solution

Let the efficiency of filling pipes be 'x' and the efficiency of draining pipes be '-y'.
In the first case,
Capacity of tank = (6x - 5y) * 6..........(i)
In the second case,
Capacity of tank = (5x - 6y) * 60.....(ii)
On equating (i) and (ii), we get
(6x - 5y) * 6 =  (5x - 6y) * 60
or, 6x - 5y = 50x - 60y
or, 44x = 55y
or, 4x = 5y
or, x = 1.25y

Capacity of the tank = (6x - 5y) * 6 = (7.5y - 5y) * 6 = 15y
Net efficiency of 2 filling and 1 draining pipes = (2x - y) = (2.5y - y) = 1.5y
Time required = $$\dfrac{\text{15y}}{\text{1.5y}}$$hours = 10 hours.

Hence, 10 is the correct answer.

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