CAT 2021 Slot 3 - Quant Question 14

Question 14

If a certain weight of an alloy of silver and copper is mixed with 3 kg of pure silver, the resulting alloy will have 90% silver by weight. If the same weight of the initial alloy is mixed with 2 kg of another alloy which has 90% silver by weight, the resulting alloy will have 84% silver by weight. Then, the weight of the initial alloy, in kg, is

Solution

Let the alloy contain x Kg silver and y kg copper 
Now when mixed with 3Kg Pure silver 
we get $$\frac{\left(x+3\right)}{x+y+3}=\frac{9}{10}$$
we get 10x+30 =9x+9y+27
9y-x=3    (1)
Now as per condition 2
silver in 2nd alloy = 2(0.9) =1.8
so we get$$\frac{\left(x+1.8\right)}{x+y+2}=\frac{21}{25}$$
we get 21y-4x =3   (2)
solving (1) and (2) we get y= 0.6 and x =2.4
so x+y = 3


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