CAT 2007


Directions for the following two questions:

Mr. David manufactures and sells a single product at a fixed price in a niche market. The selling price of each unit is Rs. 30. On the other hand, the cost, in rupees, of producing x units is $$240 + bx + cx^2$$ , where b and c are some constants. Mr. David noticed that doubling the daily production from 20 to 40 units increases the daily production cost by 66.67%. However, an increase in daily production from 40 to 60 units results in an increase of only 50% in the daily production cost. Assume that demand is unlimited and that Mr. David can sell as much as he can produce. His objective is to maximize the profit.

Question 11

How many units should Mr. David produce daily?

Question 12

What is the maximum daily profit, in rupees, that Mr. David can realize from his business?


Directions for the following two questions:

Let $$a_1= p$$ and $$b_1 = q$$, where p and q are positive quantities.

Define $$a_n = pb_{n-1} , b_n = qb_{n-1}$$ , for even n > 1. and $$a_n = pa_{n-1} , b_n = qa_{n-1}$$ , for odd n > 1.

Question 13

Which of the following best describes $$a_n + b_n$$ for even n?

Question 14

If p = 1/3 and q = 2/3 , then what is the smallest odd n such that $$a_n+b_n < 0.01$$?


For the following questions answer them individually

Question 15

Consider the set S = {2, 3, 4, ...., 2n+1}, where n is a positive integer larger than 2007. Define X as the average of the odd integers in S and Y as the average of the even integers in S. What is the value of X - Y ?

Question 16

Ten years ago, the ages of the members of a joint family of eight people added up to 231 years. Three years later, one member died at the age of 60 years and a child was born during the same year. After another three years, one more member died, again at 60, and a child was born during the same year. The current average age of this eight-member joint family is nearest to

[CAT 2007]

Question 17

A function $$f (x)$$ satisfies $$f(1) = 3600$$, and $$f (1) + f(2) + ... + f(n) =n^2f(n)$$, for all positive integers $$n > 1$$. What is the value of $$f (9)$$ ?

Question 18

Suppose you have a currency, named Miso, in three denominations: 1 Miso, 10 Misos and 50 Misos. In how many ways can you pay a bill of 107 Misos?

Question 19

A confused bank teller transposed the rupees and paise when he cashed a cheque for Shailaja, giving her rupees instead of paise and paise instead of rupees. After buying a toffee for 50 paise, Shailaja noticed that she was left with exactly three times as much as the amount on the cheque. Which of the following is a valid statement about the cheque amount?

Question 20

How many pairs of positive integers m, n satisfy 1/m + 4/n = 1/12 , where n is an odd integer less than 60?

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