CAT 2018 Slot 1 - QUANT Question 9

Question 9

Train T leaves station X for station Y at 3 pm. Train S, traveling at three quarters of the speed of T, leaves Y for X at 4 pm. The two trains pass each other at a station Z, where the distance between X and Z is three-fifths of that between X and Y. How many hours does train T take for its journey from X to Y?


Correct Answer: 15

Solution

Train T starts at 3 PM and train S starts at 4 PM. 
Let the speed of train T be t.
=> Speed of train S = 0.75t.

When the trains meet, train t would have traveled for one more hour than train S. 
Let us assume that the 2 trains meet x hours after 3 PM. Trains S would have traveled for x-1 hours. 

Distance traveled by train T = xt
Distance traveled by train S = (x-1)*0.75t = 0.75xt-0.75t

We know that train T has traveled three fifths of the distance. Therefore, train S should have traveled two-fifths the distance between the 2 cities. 

=> (xt)/(0.75xt-0.75t) = 3/2
2xt = 2.25xt-2.25t
0.25x = 2.25
x = 9 hours. 

Train T takes 9 hours to cover three-fifths the distance. Therefore, to cover the entire distance, train T will take 9*(5/3) = 15 hours. 
Therefore, 15 is the correct answer.


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