Instructions

In a certain board examination, students were to appear for examination in five subjects:
English, Hindi, Mathematics, Science and Social Science. Due to a certain emergency situation, a few of the examinations could not be conducted for some students. Hence, some students missed one examination and some others missed two examinations. Nobody missed more than two examinations.

The board adopted the following policy for awarding marks to students. If a student appeared in all five examinations, then the marks awarded in each of the examinations were on the basis of the scores obtained by them in those examinations.

If a student missed only one examination, then the marks awarded in that examination was the average of the best three among the four scores in the examinations they appeared for. If a student missed two examinations, then the marks awarded in each of these examinations was the average of the best two among the three scores in the examinations they appeared for. The marks obtained by six students in the examination are given in the table below. Each of them missed either one or two examinations.

The following facts are also known.
I. Four of these students appeared in each of the English, Hindi, Science, and Social Science examinations.
II. The student who missed the Mathematics examination did not miss any other examination.
III. One of the students who missed the Hindi examination did not miss any other examination. The other student who missed the Hindi examination also missed the Science examination.

Question 27

# Who among the following did not appear for the Mathematics examination?

Solution

Based on Condition II, we understand that the student who missed the Mathematics examination did not miss any other examination. This indicates that the Maths score is bound to be the average of the best 3 out of the 4 exam scores obtained by this candidate. Based on this inference, we can proceed with identifying the math score that can be represented as an average of the rest of the scores. We can straightaway eliminate Deep and Esha as potential candidates, given that their Mathematics score is greater than the rest of the exam scores.

For Alva: best 3 out of 4 - 80(English), 75(Hindi), 75(Science)

Avg. = 230/3 = 76.67 $$\ne\$$ 70

For Carl: best 3 out of 4 - 80(Hindi), 90(Social Science), 100(Science)

Avg. = 270/3 = 90 which matches the given value

$$\therefore\$$ Carl most likely missed his Mathematics examination.

For Foni: best 3 out of 4 - 83(English), 83(Social Science), 88(Science)

Avg. = 254/3 = 84.67 $$\ne\$$ 78

Hence, we observe that only Carl has missed his Mathematics examination. Hence, Option B is the correct answer.

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