XAT 2010

Instructions

For the following questions answer them individually

Question 31

Unlike other retail outlets, where items are purchased in any number of units the customer wants, in super - markets items are grouped in bulk packages. This bulk buying offers savings to the customer. The option to buy at wholesale prices by buying in bulk makes super - markets a practical choice for budget - conscious consumers.
Which of the following is an assumption necessary to the author’s argument?

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Instructions

Questions are based on a  set of conditions. In answering some of the questions, it may  be useful to draw a rough diagram. Choose the response that  most accurately and completely answers each question.

In a local pet store, seven puppies wait to be introduced to their new owners. The puppies, named Ashlen, Blakely, Custard, Daffy, Earl, Fala and Gabino, are all kept in two  available pens. Pen 1 holds three puppies, and pen 2 holds four puppies.

If Gabino is kept in pen 1, then Daffy is not kept in pen 2.
If Daffy is not kept in pen 2, then Gabino is kept in pen 1.
If Ashlen is kept in pen 2, then Blakely is not kept in pen 2.
If Blakely is kept in pen 1, then Ashlen is not kept in pen 1.

Question 32

Which of the following groups of puppies could be in pen 2?

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Question 33

If Earl shares a pen with Fala, then which of the following MUST be true?

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Question 34

If Earl and Fala are in different pens, then which of the following must NOT be true?

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Instructions

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

In calendar year 2008, there was turbulence in the air as Jet Airways' Chairman pondered what course of action the airline should take. Air India was also struggling with the same dilemma. Two of India's largest airlines, Air India and Jet Airways, had sounded caution on their fiscal health due to mounting operational costs. A daily operational loss of $2 million (Rs 8.6 crore) had in fact forced Jet Airways to put its employees on alert. Jet's senior General Manager had termed the situation as grave. Jet's current losses were $2 million a day (including Jet-Lite). The current rate of Jet Airways' domestic losses was $0.5 million (Rs 2.15 crore) and that of JetLite was another $0.5 million. International business was losing over $1 million (Rs 4.30 crore) a day.

The situation was equally grave for other national carriers. Driven by mounting losses of almost Rs 10 crore a day. Air India, in its merged avatar, was considering severe cost cutting measures like slashing employee allowances, reducing In flight catering expenses on short haul flights and restructuring functional arms. The airline also considered other options like cutting maintenance costs by stationing officers at hubs, instead of allowing them to travel at regular intervals.

Jet Airways, Air India and other domestic airlines had reasons to gel worried, as 24 airlines across the world had gone bankrupt in the year on account of rising fuel costs. In India, operating costs had gone up 30 - 40%. Fuel prices had doubled in the past one year to Rs 70,000 per kilolitre, forcing airlines to increase fares. Consequently, passenger load had fallen to an average 55-60% per flight from previous year's peak of 70-75%. Other airlines faced a similar situation; some were even looking for buyers. Domestic carriers had lost about Rs 4,000 crore in 2007-08 with Air India leading the pack. "As against 27% wage bill globally, our wage bill is 22% of total input costs. Even then we are at a loss," an Air India official said. Civil aviation ministry, however, had a different take. "Air India engineers go to Dubai every fortnight to work for 15 days and stay in five star hotels. If they are stationed there, the airline would save Rs 8 crore a year. This is just the tip of the iceberg. There are several things we can do to
reduce operational inefficiency. " According to analysts, Jet Airways could be looking at a combined annual loss of around Rs 3,000 crore, if there were no improvement in operational efficiencies and ATF prices. Against this backdrop, the airline had asked its employees to raise the service bar and arrest falling passenger load.

Question 35

Which of the following are the reasons for Jet Airways not doing well?
1. Rising ATF prices
2. Reduced passenger load
3. Declining service quality
4. Staff travelling to Dubai

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Question 36

The total loss for the airline industry was likely to be Rs. 10,000 crore. Jet Airlines lost Rs. 3,000 crore, Air India lost Rs. “X” crore and “rest of the airlines” lost Rs. “Y” crore. What was the loss for the “rest of the airlines”, in 2008?

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Question 37

Suppose fuel constitutes 30% of the revenues, do you think airlines would be in a better situation by reducing prices?

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Instructions

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

An audit unearthed a financial scam in NWC Corporation. One or more among the 9 financial accountants of NWC Corporation are suspected to have fudged the accounts. Following are the statements made by the nine suspects.
Shrinivas: Nagraj fudged the accounts
Datta: Shrinivas did not fudge the accounts
Nagraj: Datta is lying and I did not fudge accounts
Jose: Shrinivas is telling the truth
Samuel: Exactly three of the suspects are telling the truth
Ejaz: Datta is lying and Shrinivas fudged the accounts
Chaudhary: Datta fudged the accounts
Ganeshan: Datta is lying and Shrinivas is telling the truth
Panda: Samuel is lying

Question 38

If Samuel is telling the truth, which of the following statements is true?

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Question 39

If Panda is lying, which of the following statements cannot be true?

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Instructions

Questions are based on a set of conditions. In answering some of the questions, it may be useful to draw a rough diagram. Choose the response that most accurately and completely answers each question.

Five colleagues pooled their efforts during the office lunch-hour to solve the crossword in the daily paper.

Colleagues: Mr. Bineet, Mr. Easwar, Ms. Elsie, Ms. Sheela, Ms. Titli.
Answers: Burden, Barely, Baadshah, Rosebud, Silence.
Numbers: 4 down, 8 across, 15 across, 15 down, 21 across.
Order: First, second, third, fourth, fifth.

1. Titli produced the answer to 8 across, which had the same number of letters as the previous answer to be inserted, and one more than the subsequent answer which was produced by one of the men.
2. It was not Bineet who solved the clue to ‘Burden’, and Easwar did not solve 4 down.
3. The answers to 15 across and 15 down did not have the same number of letters.
4. 'Silence', which was not the third word to be inserted, was the answer to an across clue.
5. 'Barely' was the first word to be entered in the grid, but 'Baadshah' was not the second answer to be found.
6. Elsie's word was longer than Bineet's; Sheela was neither the first nor the last to come up with an answer.
7. Fifth one to be worked out was an answer to an across clue

Question 40

What was Sheela’s word?

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