CAT 2021 Slot 2 - Quant Question 6

Question 6

Two trains A and B were moving in opposite directions, their speeds being in the ratio 5 : 3. The front end of A crossed the rear end of B 46 seconds after the front ends of the trains had crossed each other. It took another 69 seconds for the rear ends of the trains to cross each other. The ratio of length of train A to that of train B is

Solution

Considering the length of train A = La, length of train B = Lb.

The speed of train A be 5*x, speed of train B be 3*x.

From the information provided :

The front end of A crossed the rear end of B 46 seconds after the front ends of the trains had crossed each other.

In this case, train A traveled a distance equivalent to the length of train B which is Lb at a speed of 5*x+3*x = 8*x because both the trains are traveling in the opposite direction.

Hence (8*x)*(46) = Lb.

In the information provided :

It took another 69 seconds for the rear ends of the trains to cross each other.

In the next 69 seconds 

The train B traveled a distance equivalent to the length of train A in this 69 seconds.

Hence (8*x)*(69) = La.

La/Lb = 69/46 = 3/2 = 3 : 2


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