Question 54

# An article is marked x% above the cost price. A discount of $$\frac{2}{3}$$x% is given on the marked price. If the profit is 4% of the cost price and the value of x lies between 25 and 50, then the value of 50% of x is?

Solution

Let CP of object be a.

It is given that SP = $$(1+\frac{4}{100} )$$ x CP

$$\Rightarrow$$ SP = 1.04 x CP

It is given that MP = $$(1+\frac{x}{100} )$$ x CP

It is also given that SP = $$(1-\frac{\frac {2x}{3}}{100} )$$ x MP

$$\Rightarrow$$ SP = $$(1-\frac{2x}{300} )$$ x $$(1+\frac{x}{100} )$$ x CP

$$\Rightarrow (1+\frac{4}{100})$$ x CP  = $$(1-\frac{2x}{300} )$$ x $$(1+\frac{x}{100} )$$ x CP

$$\Rightarrow (1+\frac{4}{100})$$   = $$(1-\frac{2x}{300} )$$ x $$(1+\frac{x}{100} )$$

$$\Rightarrow \frac{104}{100}$$   = $$(1-\frac{2x}{300} )$$ x $$(1+\frac{x}{100} )$$

$$\Rightarrow \frac{104}{100}$$   = $$(\frac{300-2x}{300} )$$ x $$(\frac{x+100}{100} )$$

$$\Rightarrow \frac{104}{100} \times 300 \times 100$$   = $$(300-2x)$$ x $$(x+100)$$

$$\Rightarrow 31200$$   = $$(300-2x)$$ x $$(x+100)$$

Now, we look at the options.

Since the question says that $$x\epsilon[25,30]$$ so 50% of x ie 0.5x cannot be less than 12.50 ie $$\frac {25}{2}$$ and cannot be more than 25 ie $$\frac {50}{2}$$

This eliminates option A.

Putting values of $$x$$ given in the remaining options in the final expression, [here we need to be careful to use the value of x and not the value of 50% of x as given in the expression]

Look carefully in the remaining options : 16,13,15 as 0.5x ie 32,26,30 as possible values of x.

In the question since the discount rate offered is $$\frac{2x}{3}$$%, then a safer choice would be to check for the option of 30 in the beginning. It is a safer choice because the percentage of discount that we get in the other options are not whole numbers.

NOTE : THIS IS JUST A SAFE CHOICE AND NEVER MARK AN ANSWER DIRECTLY ON THIS PRESUMPTION WITHOUT CHECKING IT.

Putting x=30 in the expression :

(300 - (2x30))x(30+100) = (300-60)x(100+30) = 240x130 = 24x13x100= 312x100 = 31200= LHS of expression.

Thus the value of $$x$$ is 30.

Therefore value of 50% of $$x$$ = 0.5x30 = 15