CAT 2018 Question Paper (Slot 1) Question 74

Question 74

While multiplying three real numbers, Ashok took one of the numbers as 73 instead of 37. As a result, the product went up by 720. Then the minimum possible value of the sum of squares of the other two numbers is


Correct Answer: 40

Solution

We know that one of the 3 numbers is 37.
Let the product of the other 2 numbers be x.
It has been given that 73x-37x = 720
36x = 720
x = 20

Product of 2 real numbers is 20. 
We have to find the minimum possible value of the sum of the squares of the 2 numbers. 
Let x=a*b
It has been given that a*b=20

The least possible sum for a given product is obtained when the numbers are as close to each other as possible. 
Therefore, when a=b, the value of a and b will be $$\sqrt{20}$$.

Sum of the squares of the 2 numbers = 20 + 20 = 40.

Therefore, 40 is the correct answer. 


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