This blog contains the important questions for CAT Critical Reasoning PDF reasoning bible, topics questions for critical reasoning for CAT exams questions and answers with explanation
CAT Critical Reasoning PDF:
The pressure on Italy’s 257 jails has been increasing rapidly. These jails are old and overcrowded. They are supposed to hold up to 43,000 people -9,000 fewer than now. San Vittore in Milan, which has 1,800 inmates, is designed for 800. The number of foreigners inside jails has also been increasing. The minister in charge of prisons fears that tensions may snap, and so has recommended to the government an amnesty policy.
Which one of the following, if true, would have most influenced the recommendation of the minister?
a) Opinion polls have indicated that many Italians favour a general pardon.
b) The opposition may be persuaded to help since amnesties must by approved by a two-thirds majority in parliament.
c) During a recent visit to a large prison, the Pope, whose pronouncements are taken seriously, appealed for ‘a gesture of clemency.’
d) Shortly before the recommendation was made, 58 prisons reported disturbances in a period of two weeks.
About 96% of Scandinavian moths have ears tuned to the ultrasonic pulses that bats, their predators, emit. But the remaining 4% do not have ears and are deaf. However, they have a larger wingspan than the hearing moths, and also have higher wing-loadings the ratio between a wing’s area and its weight — meaning higher maneuverability.
Which one of the following can be best inferred from the above passage?
a) A higher proportion of deaf moths than hearing moths fall prey to bats.
b) Deaf moths may try to avoid bats by frequent changes in their flight direction.
c) Deaf moths are faster than hearing moths, and so are less prone to becoming a bat’s dinner than hearing moths.
d) The large wingspan enables deaf moths to better receive and sense the pulses of their bat predators.
Argentina’s beef cattle herd has dropped to under 50 million from 57 million ten years ago in 1990. The animals are worth less, too: prices fell by over a third last year, before recovering, slightly. Most local meat packers and processors are in financial trouble, and recent years have seen a string of plant closures. The Beef Producers’ Association has now come up with a massive advertisement campaign calling upon Argentines to eat more beef—their “juicy, healthy, rotund, plate- filling” steaks.
Which one of the following, if true, would contribute most to a failure of the campaign?
a) There has been a change in consumer preference towards eating leaner meats like chicken and fish.
b) Prices of imported beef have been increasing, thus making locally grown beef more competitive in terms of pricing.
c) The inability to cross breed native cattle with improved varieties has not increased production to adequate levels.
d) Animal rights pressure groups have come up rapidly, demanding better and humane treatment of farmyard animals like beef cattle.
Although in the limited sense of freedom regarding appointments and internal working, the independence of the Central Bank is unequivocally ensured, the same cannot be said of its right to pursue monetary policy without co-ordination with the central government. The role of the Central Bank has turned out to be subordinate and advisory in nature.
Which of the following best supports the conclusion drawn in the passage?
a) A decision of the chairman of the Central Bank to increase the bank rate by two percentage points sent shock-waves in industry, academic and government circles alike.
b) Government has repeatedly resorted to monetisation of the debt despite the reservations of the Central Bank.
c) The Central Bank does not need the central government’s nod for replacing soiled currency notes.
d) The inability to remove coin shortage was a major shortcoming of this government.
The theory of games is suggested to some extent by parlour games such as chess and bridge. Friedman illustrates two distinct features of these games. First, in a parlour game played for money, if one wins the other (others) loses (lose). Second, these games are games involving a strategy. In a game of chess, while choosing what action is to be taken, a player tries to guess how his/her opponent will react to the various actions he or she might take. In contrast, the card-pastime, ‘patience’ or ‘solitaire’ is played only against chance.
Which one of the following can best be described as a “game”?
a) The team of Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary climbing Mt. Everest for the first time in human history.
b) A national level essay writing competition.
c) A decisive war between the armed forces of India and Pakistan over Kashmir.
d) Oil Exporters’ Union deciding on world oil prices, completely disregarding the countries which have at most minimal oil production.
1) Answer (D)
The reason for the minister to advance his new recommendation is most likely because of an incident or incidents which might have occurred in the prisons due to snapping of tensions among the prisoners. This reason is best captured in option d), which says that disturbances have been reported in 58 prisons.
2) Answer (B)
The deaf moths have all the abilities for better maneuverability – for frequent changes in flight direction. So, deaf moths may try to avoid their predators by frequently changing their flight patterns. Option b) is the correct inference.
3) Answer (A)
The campaign can fail badly if the Association is not able to convince the target audience to consume more beef. This can happen if the consumers have changed their lifestyle and prefer eating leaner meats. So, a) is the best reason why the campaign might fail.
4) Answer (B)
Among all the options, the only statement where there is a clash between the ideology of the Central Bank and the ideology of the Government is option b), the Government resorting to monetisation despite the reservations of the Central Bank. Hence, option b) is the answer.
5) Answer (C)
According to the passage, one opponent must lose in a game. In option A, no one loses.
Option D is irrelevant.
Option B does not involve strategies.
Only option C fits to be the answer.