XAT 2016 Question 8

Question 8

Consider the two related statements below:

Statement I: Offices and positions for the marginalized sections should be open to those with greater savings among them.
Statement II: Offices and positions must be open to everyone based on the principle of fair opportunity

Which of the following is true?


Supporting equal opportunity does not necessarily contradicts meritocracy. Option C is wrong.
Statement I does not assume that marginalized sections of society are incapable of saving or depend on subsidies. Options A and E are irrelevant.

Statement II mentions fair opportunity as a principle but it never suggest that everyone is exposed to it. Hence B is incorrect.
Statement II assumes that everyone is equally capable and intelligent. So, it is justified to open offices and positions to everyone.
Hence, option D is the correct answer.

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