CAT 2020 Slot 3 - LRDI Question 7

Instructions

XYZ organization got into the business of delivering groceries to home at the beginning of theĀ last month. They have a two-day delivery promise. However, their deliveries are unreliable. AnĀ order booked on a particular day may be delivered the next day or the day after. If the order isĀ not delivered at the end of two days, then the order is declared as lost at the end of the secondĀ day. XYZ then does not deliver the order, but informs the customer, marks the order as lost,Ā returns the payment and pays a penalty for non-delivery.Ā The following table provides details about the operations of XYZ for a week of the last month.Ā The first column gives the date, the second gives the cumulative number of orders that wereĀ booked up to and including that day. The third column represents the number of ordersĀ delivered on that day. The last column gives the cumulative number of orders that were lost upĀ to and including that day.Ā It is known that the numbers of orders that were booked on the 11th, 12th, and 13th of the lastĀ month that took two days to deliver were 4, 6, and 8 respectively

Question 7

The delivery ratio for a given day is defined as the ratio of the number of ordersĀ booked on that day which are delivered on the next day to the number of ordersĀ booked on that day which are delivered on the second day after booking. On which ofĀ the following days, was the delivery ratio the highest?

Solution

The cumulative orders booked by 19th are 337 and that of 18th are 332=> No. orders booked on 19th are 5

Similarly we can find the orders booked on that day till 14th.

Number of orders lost that were booked on 12th = Cumulative orders lost till 14th-Cumulative orders lost till 13th =92-91=1

Similarly, the number of orders lost till 17th can be found out.

Number of orders delivered on 13th are 11 out of which 4 are orders which were booked in 11th so, 7 must be the orders which were booked on 12th.

Similarly, we can find the orders which took 1day and 2 days to get delivered till 17th.

Now, total number of orders booked on 12th will be 7+6+1=14.

From the table we can determine that among options, number of orders booked on 13th are maximum.

For 15 the delivery ratio = 8/8 = 1

For 16 the delivery ratio = 13/10 = 1.3

For 13 the delivery ratio = 21/8 = 2.625

For 14 the delivery ratio = 15/3 = 5

Hence Option D


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