CAT 2022 Slot 3 Question Paper - QA

Question 1

If $$c=\frac{16x}{y}+\frac{49y}{x}$$ for some non-zero real numbers x and y, then c cannot take the value

Solution

Let $$\frac{x}{y}\ be\ t$$

Therefore, $$c=16t\ +\ \frac{49}{t}$$

Applying AM>= GM

$$\frac{\left(16t\ +\ \frac{49}{t}\right)}{2}\ge\ \left(16t\times\frac{49}{t}\right)^{\frac{1}{2}}$$

$$16t\ +\ \frac{49}{t}\ge56$$

When t is positive then c is greater than equal to 56.

When t is negative then c is less than equal to -56.

Therefore $$c\ \in\ \left(-\infty,\ -56\right]\ ∪\ \left[56,\infty\ \right]$$

As -50 is not in the range of c so it is the answer

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