SBI Associate PO 2010


Modern biotechnology especially the creation of genetically modified crops is often presented as a magic solution or universal panacea for the problems of poverty inadequate nutrition across the world Conversely there are people who present the picture of tech generated monsters and major human health hazards being created by science Many of the technological changes currently in the process of being utilised in agriculture can have unforeseen consequences and their safety and future viability are far from secure
The reality as always is far more complex than either of these two extremes Even today the total food production in the world is adequate to feed the hungry of the world the problem is rather one of unequal distribution which deprives a large part of the population of even their minimal nutritional requirements Similarly farmers especially in developing countries face many problems such as lack of infrastructure , poor or unstable market access volatile input and output prices etc that biotechnology does not address much less solve
It is true that transgenic plants can offer a range of benefits which area above and beyond those which emerged from more traditional innovations in cultivation It is suggested that such new technology offers more effective pest resistance of seeds and crops through genetic control mechanisms which also reduces the need for pesticide use and leads to improved yield A basic question of course is whether the new Gm technology is safe and whether this is absolutely crucial since the effects may only be known much later The jury is still very much out on this matter and the controversy does not appear to be resolved quickly
The trouble is that most governments in developing countries have relatively low food and beverage regulatory standards and public system for monitoring and surveillance of such item are poor or non-existent. This leaves them open for entry and even dumping of a range of agricultural products of the new technology Which may into pass regulatory standards in the more developed countries.

Question 11

Which of the following is true in the context of the passage ?

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Question 12

Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to OPEN printed in bold as used in the passage

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Question 13

Choose the word/group of words which is most opposite in meaning to VOLATILE printed in the bold as used in the passage

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Question 14

The author of the given passage seems to be definitely_______

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Question 15

Why according to the author is genetic modification of crops not an answer to the problem of hunger in the world ?
(A)People being highly doubtful of the long term effects of genetically modified crops do not buy the products grown by such methods
(B)The problem of hunger in the world is not due to inadequate production of food but due to unequal distribution of it
(C)Many developing countries have banned genetically modified products as developed country have been using these countries as dumping grounds for new genetically modified products

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Each question below has two blanks each blank indicating that something has been omitted Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.

Question 16

A controversial plan to build an immense dam in Brazil’s rainforest was stalled when it _______a formidable bloc of________in ecologists and indigenous tribes alike

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Question 17

According to a recent survey sales figures of high end cars have seen an _______ growth in the past year which shows that Indian consumers have______the impact of recession.

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Question 18

The National Knowledge Commission has said that India will have to bring _____in education if it has to emerge as the most ______workforce of the world.

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Question 19

Norway has stolen a march over other developed countries by ________that it would reduce 40% of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and ______carbon neutral by 2030.

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Question 20

According to the language experts children should begin talking in their mother tongue rather than foreign language which can _____affect their comprehension abilities leading to serious language based_____later in their lives.

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