CAT 2019 Slot 2 - DILR Question 23

Instructions

In the table below the check marks indicate all languages spoken by five people: Paula, Quentin, Robert, Sally and Terence. For example, Paula speaks only Chinese and English.

These five people form three teams, Team 1, Team 2 and Team 3. Each team has either 2 or 3 members. A team is said to speak a particular language if at least one of its members speak that language.
The following facts are known.
(1) Each team speaks exactly four languages and has the same number of members.
(2) English and Chinese are spoken by all three teams, Basque and French by exactly two teams and the other languages by exactly one team.
(3) None of the teams include both Quentin and Robert.
(4) Paula and Sally are together in exactly two teams.
(5) Robert is in Team 1 and Quentin is in Team 3.

Question 23

Who among the five people is a member of all teams?

Solution

From statement 1 and 2,Each team speaks exactly four languages. English and Chinese are spoken by all three teams, Basque and French by exactly two teams and the other languages by exactly one team, multiple options are possible.

In the following tables: A, B, C can be any team among Team 1,Team 2,Team 3.

From the data given in the question, the person who speaks Arabic also speaks French. Thus the only option possible is 'Table 2'.

According to statement 4, "Paula and Sally are together in exactly two teams."

Sally knows Basque, thus, she will be in group A and B, with Paula.

According to statement 5, Robert(Arabic) is in Team 1 and Quentin(Dutch) is in Team 3.

Thus, Group C is Team 1 and Group A is Team 3.


From the table, the correct option is C.


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