Read the following passage and answer the questions:
After two decades of growing student enrollments and economic prosperity, business schools in the USA have started to face harder times. Only Havard's MBA school has shown a substantial increase in enrollment in recent years, Both Princeton and Stanford have seen decreases in their entrollments. Since 1990, the number of people receiving MBA degrees has dropped about 3 percent to 75,000 and the trend of lower enrollment rate is expected to continue.
There are two factors causing this decrease in students secking MBA degree. The first one is that many graduates of four year colleges are finding that an MBA degree does not guarantee a plush job on Wall Street or in other financial districts of major American cities. Many of the entry level management jobs are going to students graduating with Master of Arts degrees in English and the humanities as well as those holding MBA degrees. Students have asked the question, “Is an MBA degree rcally what I need to be best prepared for getting a good job ?" The second major factor has been the cutting of American payrolls and the lower number of entry-level jobs being offered. Business needs are changing, and MBA schools are struggling to meet the new demands.
What are the two causes of declining business school enrollments ?
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