Read the passage below and answer questions.
Some years ago when executives and managers talked about the type of employees they wanted to contract for their businesses they spoke of skills and qualifications. These wordsare still used but have been overshadowed by the term competencies. Competencies are a concept taken on board by Human Resource departments to measure a person’s appropriateness fora particularjob.
In simple terms a competencyis a tool that an individual can use in order to demonstrate a high standard of performance. Competencies are characteristics that we use to achieve success. These characteristics or traits can include things like knowledge, aspects of leadership, self-esteem, skills or relationship building. There are a lot of competencies but they are usually divided into groups. Most organizations recognize two main groups and they have numerous sub groups which competencies can be further divided into.
Competencies can be divided into twodistinct types: technical competencies (sometimes referred to as functional) and personal competencies. As the name suggests. technical competencies are those whichare related to the skills and knowledge that are essential in order for a person to do a particular job appropriately. An example of a technical competency for a secretary might be: “Word processing: able to word process a text at a
rate of 80 words per minute with no mistakes.” Personal competencies are not linked to any particular function. They include characteristics that we use together with our technical competencies in order to do our work well. An example of a personal competency is: “interpersonal sensitivity: Demonstrates respect for the opinions ofothers, even when not in agreement.”
Competencies are probably here to stay so it is worth thinking about your own competencies and trying to categories them: first into the two sub-categories mentioned above and then into a more detailed list.
Read the following passage and answerquestions.
A writer creates a world of characters and situations and philosophy that have a life of their own and may have no relation to him. After writing ten novels and a number of short stories. I find that I have created good men, bad men.idiots and saints. Once they have served their purpose. they pass clean out of my memory. I have no time to think of them again, although for months everyone of those characters could have occupied my thoughts obsessively while the story was in progress. Once the last line is written and “The End” is inscribed with a happy flourish. out goes the character. But this is a solution that the readeris not likely to take into account.
A readeris attracted or repelled by a character and expects the writer to offer various explanations and interpretations of the particular character and his or her philosophy. The reader will also have the advantage having gone through the book recently and possibly more than once. But the writeris likely to have forgotten the whole subject, especially if he has had to write a great deal else since then. When people expect
him to say wise or significant things about his own book, they may find him tongue-tied and disappointing. In my viewto find the author less than the book is an excellent situation.