Question 2

# The average of a non-decreasing sequence of N numbers $$a_{1},a_{2}, ... , a_{N}$$ is 300. If $$a_1$$, is replaced by $$6a_{1}$$ , the new average becomes 400. Then, the number of possible values of $$a_{1 }$$, is

Solution

$$a_1+a_2+.....+a_N=300N$$

$$6a_1+a_2+.....+a_N=400N$$

$$5a_1=100N$$

$$a_1=20N$$

As the given sequence of numbers is non-decreasing sequence, N can take values from 2 to 15.

N is not equal to 1, if N = 1, then average of N numbers is 300 wouldn't satisfy.

Therefore, N can take values from 2 to 15, i.e. 14 values.