A sentence has been divided into four parts. Choose the part
that has an error.
Rearrange the following letters and make a meaningful word
which is opposite to the answers.
Study the passage below and answer the questions.
PASSAGE - I
For decades, the Government has grappled with India's health care shortcomings
by introducing various programmes. Despite some measure of success, the problem
of universal health care access continues to fester like a recalcitrant sore. While
there are several reasons for the lack of complete success in improving health care
access, the overall problem may lie in the pursuit of improper priorities. To address
access issued headon, radically improving primary health care in India should be top
priority. A steep shortage in primary health care centres (PHCs) across India is the
prime reason why villagers are forced to trek almost 20 km to reach the nearest PHC.
This may still be of little use, because most PHCs are perpetually plagued by a supply
and staff shortage, making matters worse for sick patients who expend time, energy
and resources to reach the PHC. For people from towns and semi-urban areas seeking
modern medical care the situation is no different since they need to travel to the
nearest city. Despite 7,50,000 doctors registered with the Medical Council of India,
the ground reality is that about 2,00,000 aren't active anymore. This means India has
only one doctor to treat 2,000 people, instead of one doctor for every 1,000. Improving
those figures will take time because the number of medical and nursing colleges cannot
be hiked overnight to boost the output of medical graduates. The time has come to
firmly recognise that health and health care issues cannot be left solely to the
Government or public sector entities if India is to meet its health care targets including
Millennium Development Goals for 2015. Such immense investments and specialised
skills could best be tapped if public-private partnerships were promoted and
Private companies encouraged to establish health care infrastructure in all geographies
- urban, semi-urban and rural - particularly where primary health care is concerned.
Estimated indicate that only 320 million people or 26 percent of India's population are
covered under some form of medical insurance - public or private. In other words,
large uncovered sections of the populace are forced to meet medical costs via out-ofpocket
spends, causing immense financial burden and pushing many families into
What is/ are the primary reason(s) for the lack of complete success in improving
health care in India?
A. Total government apathy in this area.
B. Policy makers' inability to properly priorities the measures required.
C. Shortage of PHCs across the country.
It is implied in the passage that
Which of the following statements is/ are true in the context of the passage?
Which of the following statements is/ are not true in the context of the passage?
A. The Government has failed to correctly assess the requirement of medical
colleges in India.
B. Over 25% of the doctors who register with the Medical Council of India never
get into the medical profession.
C. Private participation in the primary health sector is a must to ensure its success
we go forward towards Millennium Development Goals for 2015.