Each of these questions has an underlined part. Choose the option that best replaces the underlined part. Answer option (2) repeats the original.
Fill in the blanks.
Each question has a group of sentences marked A, B, C, and D. Arrange these to form a logical sequence.
A. We tend to see the similarity within a category as being more important, and the similarity between different categories as being less important, that either actually is.
B. Given a small amount of information about a person, we are ready to classify them as a member of a particular group, and then to infer all kinds of additional facts about them, as if all members of the group were the same in most respects.
C. Our tendency to classify and label everything can lead us into the error of seeing the world as made up of only those categories for which we have names.
D. Expecting too much of the descriptive power of languages is itself a serious cause of distorted thinking.
A. Some of us, as a result, gain an overall impression of people as either all good or all bad, making further assumptions on this basis.
B. An example of the assumption some patients make that doctors with a good “bedside manner” are also more technically competent as others who do not relate as well to their patients.
C. This is what the psychologists refer to as halo effect.
D. We have a strong tendency of associate positive attributes with other positive attributes and negative ones with each other.