Question 3

# A train started from Station A, developed engine trouble and reached Station B, 40 minutes late. What is the distance between Stations A and B? I. The engine trouble developed after travelling 40 km from Station A and the speed reduced to 1/4th of the original speed. II. The engine trouble developed after travelling 40 km from station A in two hours and the speed reduced to 1/4th of the original speed.

Solution

Using first statement alone, we won't be able to find distance as insufficient data is there.
Now using second statement alone, we can find distance d as follows:
velocity before engine failure = $$\frac{40}{2}$$ = 20 km/h and after engine failure = 5 km/hr
And we know total time exceeds 45 min.
Hence 2 + $$\frac{d}{5}$$ = $$\frac{40}{60}$$ + $$\frac{40+d}{20}$$
or $$d = \frac{40}{9}$$  km.