# Top CAT Permutations & Combinations and Probability Questions PDF

by Naveen Neredimalli Tue 28 May 2024 06:04 PM 124

Check out the important questions on CAT probability and permutations & combinations! This curated PDF is designed to help you master these crucial topics for the CAT exam, a highly competitive test for admission to prestigious management programs. Enhance your problem-solving skills and boost your CAT preparation with these challenging and insightful questions. Inside, you'll find a range of significant probability questions, including some from previous CAT papers. Practicing these questions will give you a clear understanding of the types of questions asked in the CAT exam.

#### Question 1

In how many ways can eight directors, the vice chairman and chairman of a firm be seated at a round table, if the chairman has to sit between the the vice chairman and a specific director?

#### Question 2

The scheduling officer for a local police department is trying to schedule additional patrol units in each of two neighbourhoods - southern and northern. She knows that on any given day, the probabilities of major crimes and minor crimes being committed in the northern neighbourhood were 0.418 and 0.612, respectively, and that the corresponding probabilities in the southern neighbourhood were 0.355 and 0.520. Assuming that all crime occur independent of each other and likewise that crime in the two neighbourhoods are independent of each other, what is the probability that no crime of either type is committed in either neighbourhood on any given day?

#### Question 3

A man has 9 friends: 4 boys and 5 girls. In how many ways can he invite them, if there has to be exactly 3 girls in the invitees?

#### Question 4

The numbers 1, 2, ..., 9 are arranged in a 3 X 3 square grid in such a way that each number occurs once and the entries along each column, each row, and each of the two diagonals add up to the same value.

If the top left and the top right entries of the grid are 6 and 2, respectively, then the bottom middle entry is

#### Question 5

There are four machines in a factory. At exactly 8 pm, when the mechanic is about to leave the factory, he is informed that two of the four machines are not working properly. The mechanic is in a hurry, and decides that he will identify the two faulty machines before going home, and repair them next morning. It takes him twenty minutes to walk to the bus stop. The last bus leaves at 8:32 pm. If it takes six minutes to identify whether a machine is defective or not, and if he decides to check the machines at random, what is the probability that the mechanic will be able to catch the last bus?

#### Question 6

Let AB, CD, EF, GH, and JK be five diameters of a circle with center at 0. In how many ways can three points be chosen out of A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K, and O so as to form a triangle?

#### Question 7

An institute has 5 departments and each department has 50 students. If students are picked up randomly from all 5 departments to form a committee, what should be the minimum number of students in the committee so that at least one department should have representation of minimum 5 students?

#### Question 8

Aditya has a total of 18 red and blue marbles in two bags (each bag has marbles of both colors). A
marble is randomly drawn from the first bag followed by another randomly drawn from the
second bag, the probability of both being red is 5/16. What is the probability of both marbles being blue?

#### Question 9

A dice is rolled twice. What is the probability that the number in the second roll will be higher than that in the first?

#### Question 10

A player rolls a die and receives the same number of rupees as the number of dots on the face that turns up. What should the player pay for each roll if he wants to make a profit of one rupee per throw of the die in the long run?

#### Question 11

The supervisor of a packaging unit of a milk plant is being pressurised to finish the job closer to the distribution time, thus giving the production staff more leeway to cater to last minute demand. He has the option of running the unit at normal speed or at 110% of normal - “fast speed”. He estimates that he will be able to run at the higher speed for 60% of the time. The packet is twice as likely to be damaged at the higher speed which would mean temporarily stopping the process. If a packet on a randomly selected packaging runs has probability of 0.112 of damage, what is the probability that the packet will not be damaged at normal speed?

#### Question 12

In the country of Twenty, there are exactly twenty cities, and there is exactly one direct road between any two cities. No two direct roads have an overlapping road segment. After the election dates are announced, candidates from their respective cities start visiting the other cities. Following are the rules that the election commission has laid down for the candidates:

Each candidate must visit each of the other cities exactly once.

Each candidate must use only the direct roads between two cities for going from one city to another.

The candidate must return to his own city at the end of the campaign.

No direct road between two cities would be used by more than one candidate.

The maximum possible number of candidates is

#### Question 13

The probability that a randomly chosen positive divisor of $$10^{29}$$ is an integer multiple of $$10^{23}$$ is: $$a^{2} /b^{2}$$, then ‘b - a’ would be:

#### Question 14

In a True/False quiz, 4 marks are awarded for each correct answer and 1 mark is deducted for each wrong answer. Amit, Benn and Chitra answered the same 10 questions, and their answers are given below in the same sequential order.
AMIT     T T F F T T F T T F
BENN    T T T F F T F T T F
CHITRA T T T T F F T F T T
If Amit and Benn both score 35 marks each then Chitra’s score will be:

#### Question 15

In a locality, there are ten houses in a row. On a particular night a thief planned to steal from three houses of the locality. In how many ways can he plan such that no two of them are next to each other?

#### Question 16

In how many ways can 7 identical erasers be distributed among 4 kids in such a way that each kid gets at least one eraser but nobody gets more than 3 erasers?

#### Question 17

If all letters of the word "CHCJL" be arranged in an English dictionary, what will be the $$50^{th}$$ word?

#### Question 18

For a scholarship, at most n candidates out of 2n + 1 can be selected. If the number of different ways of selection of at least one candidate is 63, the maximum number of candidates that can be selected for the scholarship is:

#### Question 19

Ramesh plans to order a birthday gift for his friend from an online retailer. However, the birthday coincides with the festival season during which there is a huge demand for buying online goods and hence deliveries are often delayed. He estimates that the probability of receiving the gift, in time, from the retailers A, B, C and D would be 0.6, 0.8, 0.9 and 0.5 respectively.

Playing safe, he orders from all four retailers simultaneously. What would be the probability that his friend would receive the gift in time?

#### Question 20

In how many ways can 8 identical pens be distributed among Amal, Bimal, and Kamal so that Amal gets at least 1 pen, Bimal gets at least 2 pens, and Kamal gets at least 3 pens?

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