Instructions

Study the passages below and answer the questions that follow each passage?

**Passage-III**

Advanced technology has created a vast increase in occupational specialties, many of them requiring many, many years of highly specialised training. It must motivate this training. It has made ever more complex and “rational” the ways in which these occupational specialties are combined in our economic and social life. It must win passivity and obedience to this complex activity. Formerly, technical rationality had been employed only to organise the production of rather simple physical objects, for example, aerial bombs. Now technical rationality is increasingly employed to organise all of the processes necessary to the utilisation of the physical objects, such as bombing systems, maintenance, intelligence and supply systems. For this reason it seems a mistake to argue that we are in a “post-industrial” age, a concept favouredby the laissez innover school. On the contrary, the rapid spread of technical rationality into organisational and economic life and, hence, into social life is more aptly described as second and much more intensive phase of industrial revolution. One might reasonably suspect that it will create analogous social problems. Accordingly, a third major hypothesis would argue that there are very profound social antagonisms or contradictions not less sharp or fundamental than those ascribed by Marx to the development of nineteenth century industrial society. The general form of the contradictions might be described as follows — a society characterised by the employment of advanced technology requires an ever more socially disciplined population, yet retains an ever declining capacity to enforce the required discipline. One way readily describes four specific formsof the same general contradiction. Occupationally, the work force must be over-trained and under-utilised. Here, again, an analogy to classical industrial practice serves to shorten and simplify the explanation, I have in mind the assembly line. As a device in the organisation of the work process, the assembly line is valuable mainly. It gives management a high degree of control over the pace of the work and, more to the point in the present case, it divides the work process into units so simple that the quality of the work performedis readily predictable. That is, since each operation uses only a small fraction of worker’s skill, there is a very great likelihood that the operation will be performed in a minimally acceptable way. Alternately, if each operation taxed the worker’s skill, there would be frequenterrors in the operation, frequent disturbance of the work flow, and a thoroughly unpredictable quality of the end product. The assembly line also introduces standardisation in work skills and thus makes for a high degree of interchange ability among the work force. For analogous reasons, the work force in advanced technological systems must be relatively over-trained or, what is the same thing, its skills relatively under-used. My impression is that, this is no less true now sociologists that of welders, of engineers than of assemblers. The contradiction emerges when we recognize that technological progress requires a continuous increasein the skill levels of its work force, skill levels which frequently embodya fairly rich scientific and technical training. While at the same time, the advance of technical rationally in work organisation means that those skills will be less and less fully used. Economically, there is a parallel process at work. It is commonly observed that the work force within technologically advanced organisations is asked to work not less hard but more so. This is particularly true for those with advanced training and skills. Brzezinski's conjecture that technical specialists undergo continuous retraining is off the mark only in that it assumes such retraining only for a managingelite. To get people of work harder require growing incentives. Yet the prospérity which is assumed in technologically advanced society erodes the value of economic incentives. Salary and wage increases and the goods they purchase lose their over riding importance once necessities, creature comforts, and an ample supply of luxuries are assured. As if in confirmation of this point, it has been pointed out that among young people one can already observe a radical weakening in the power of such incentives as money status and authority.

SRCC Quadratic Equations QuestionsSRCC Number Systems QuestionsSRCC Venn Diagrams QuestionsSRCC Data Sufficiency QuestionsSRCC Venn Diagrams QuestionsSRCC Percentages QuestionsSRCC Functions, Graphs and Statistics QuestionsSRCC Progressions and Series QuestionsSRCC Inequalities QuestionsSRCC Number Systems QuestionsSRCC Averages Mixtures Alligations QuestionsSRCC Venn Diagrams QuestionsSRCC Quadratic Equations QuestionsSRCC Functions, Graphs and Statistics QuestionsSRCC Functions, Graphs and Statistics QuestionsSRCC Linear Equations QuestionsSRCC Profit, Loss and Interest QuestionsSRCC PGDBA Calculus QuestionsSRCC Probability, Combinatorics QuestionsSRCC Coordinate Geometry QuestionsSRCC Profit, Loss and Interest QuestionsSRCC Inequalities QuestionsSRCC Progressions and Series QuestionsSRCC Number Systems QuestionsSRCC Inequalities QuestionsSRCC Mensuration QuestionsSRCC Remainders QuestionsSRCC Progressions and Series QuestionsSRCC Data Sufficiency QuestionsSRCC Functions, Graphs and Statistics QuestionsSRCC Linear Equations QuestionsSRCC Simple Interest Compound Interest QuestionsSRCC Averages, Ratio and Proportion QuestionsSRCC Probability, Combinatorics QuestionsSRCC Arithmetic QuestionsSRCC Probability, Combinatorics QuestionsSRCC Profit, Loss and Interest QuestionsSRCC Profit And Loss QuestionsSRCC Progressions and Series QuestionsSRCC Linear Equations QuestionsSRCC Geometry QuestionsSRCC Logarithms, Surds and Indices QuestionsSRCC Time And Work QuestionsSRCC Geometry QuestionsSRCC Time, Distance and Work QuestionsSRCC Geometry QuestionsSRCC Averages, Ratio and Proportion QuestionsSRCC Profit, Loss and Interest QuestionsSRCC Time Speed Distance QuestionsSRCC Logarithms QuestionsSRCC Quadratic Equations QuestionsSRCC Linear Equations QuestionsSRCC Averages, Ratio and Proportion QuestionsSRCC Logarithms, Surds and Indices QuestionsSRCC Probability, Combinatorics QuestionsSRCC Time, Distance and Work QuestionsSRCC Data Sufficiency QuestionsSRCC Logarithms, Surds and Indices QuestionsSRCC Logarithms, Surds and Indices QuestionsSRCC Data Sufficiency QuestionsSRCC Averages, Ratio and Proportion QuestionsSRCC Number Systems QuestionsSRCC Geometry QuestionsSRCC Venn Diagrams QuestionsSRCC Averages QuestionsSRCC Quadratic Equations QuestionsSRCC Time, Distance and Work QuestionsSRCC Time, Distance and Work QuestionsSRCC Inequalities QuestionsSRCC Number Series QuestionsSRCC Algebra Questions

SRCC Coins and Weights QuestionsSRCC Data Interpretation Basics QuestionsSRCC Selection With Condition QuestionsSRCC DI with connected data sets QuestionsSRCC Quant Based LR QuestionsSRCC Data Interpretation QuestionsSRCC Truth Lie Concept QuestionsSRCC Innovation and Entrepreneurship QuestionsSRCC Scheduling QuestionsSRCC Arrangement QuestionsSRCC Quant Based DI QuestionsSRCC Routes And Networks QuestionsSRCC Data change over a period QuestionsSRCC Charts QuestionsSRCC Arrangement QuestionsSRCC Games and Tournamnents QuestionsSRCC Set Theory QuestionsSRCC Quant Based DI QuestionsSRCC Charts QuestionsSRCC Special Charts QuestionsSRCC Table with Missing values QuestionsSRCC Charts QuestionsSRCC Data Interpretation Basics QuestionsSRCC 2D & 3D LR QuestionsSRCC Table with Missing values QuestionsSRCC Games and Tournamnents QuestionsSRCC Truth Lie Concept QuestionsSRCC Puzzles QuestionsSRCC Selection With Condition QuestionsSRCC Data Interpretation QuestionsSRCC Data change over a period QuestionsSRCC Data Interpretation QuestionsSRCC DI with connected data sets QuestionsSRCC Miscellaneous LR QuestionsSRCC Arrangement QuestionsSRCC Logical Reasoning QuestionsSRCC Data Interpretation QuestionsSRCC Venn Diagrams QuestionsSRCC Special Charts QuestionsSRCC Scheduling QuestionsSRCC Puzzles QuestionsSRCC DI Miscellaneous QuestionsSRCC Quant Based LR QuestionsSRCC Maxima-Minima QuestionsSRCC Logical Reasoning QuestionsSRCC Data Interpretation Basics QuestionsSRCC Logical Reasoning Questions

SRCC Reading Comprehension QuestionsSRCC Critical Reasoning QuestionsSRCC Para Jumbles QuestionsSRCC Vocabulary QuestionsSRCC Reading Comprehension QuestionsSRCC Miscellaneous QuestionsSRCC Verbal Ability QuestionsSRCC Grammar and Sentence Correction QuestionsSRCC Para Summary QuestionsSRCC Grammar and Sentence Correction QuestionsSRCC Critical Reasoning QuestionsSRCC Vocabulary QuestionsSRCC Para Summary QuestionsSRCC Reading Comprehension QuestionsSRCC Grammar and Sentence Correction QuestionsSRCC Para Jumbles QuestionsSRCC Miscellaneous QuestionsSRCC Grammar and Sentence Correction QuestionsSRCC Critical Reasoning QuestionsSRCC Para Jumbles QuestionsSRCC Para Summary QuestionsSRCC Odd One Out QuestionsSRCC Vocabulary QuestionsSRCC Reading Comprehension QuestionsSRCC Para Jumbles QuestionsSRCC Vocabulary Questions