Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.
India's favourable demographic trends, which have increased the workforce's percentage of the overall population, have paved the way for a significant middle-class expansion. A big population bulge emerging from absolute poverty and set to reach the middle class would generate new dynamics. In India, over 55 per cent of the population is predicted to reach the middle class. In reality, because India's demographics are significantly younger than China and the United States, the country's middle class might be the world's largest (in terms of population) by 2025.
It is no exaggeration to argue that future growth will be reliant on the increasing middle class, and that the middle class's development will be reliant on growth. Growth has been fuelled by both private consumption and saving, both of which are fuelled by the middle class. India's private consumption accounts for over 60% of the country's GDP, while private consumption growth has contributed for 70% of the country's growth since 2000.
Despite the fact that China's middle class is now greater than India's, private spending in the former accounts for a lesser share of growth. In contrast to the United States, where domestic savings are dropping and the country borrows excess funds from outside to invest and expand, India's domestic savings and investments are increasing and funding investments.
The emergence of the middle class is anticipated to coincide with a transition away from large-scale informality, which now characterises much of the services and industrial sectors, and toward more formal, wage-earning, and medium-scale firms. Technological advancements will spread at a faster rate. Cities will expand as job possibilities concentrate on them. If there is enough movement across states and from rural to urban regions, the population increase will be more evenly distributed.
In the following passage, some words have been deleted. Read the passage carefully and select the most appropriate option to fill in each blank.
Challenges are (1)__________ that knock on our door. It may sound difficult to (2)_____________ the obstacles in our career but challenges are rewarding. If there were no challenges there would have been no (3)__________ on this planet. Every challenge poses as an opportunity for those who like to put their (4)________ to the fullest utilisation. Knowledge and (5)_________ is the key to overcome challenges.