BANKING Content

SBI PO 2011

Instructions

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given it. Certain word/phrases have been printed in ‘’bold’’ to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.

India is rushing headlong towards economic success and modernisation, counting on hightech industries such as information technology and biotechnology to propel the nation to prosperity.
India’s recent announcement that it would no longer produce unlicensed inexpensive generic pharmaceuticals bowed to the realities of the World Trade Organisation while at the same time challenging the domestic drug industry to compete with the multinational firms. Unfortunately, its weak higher education sector constitutes the Achilles’ heel of this strategy. Its systematic disinvestment in higher education in recent years has yield neither world-class research nor very many highly trained scholars, scientists or managers to sustain high-tech development.
India’s main competitor especially China buts also Singapore, Taiwan and South Korea are investing in large and ‘’differentiated’’ higher education systems. They are providing access to large number of students at the bottom of the academic system while at the same time building some research-based universities that are able to compete with the world’s best institutions. The recent London Times Higher Education Supplement ranking of the world’s top 200 universities included three in China, three in Hong Kong three in South Korea. one in Taiwan, and one in India. These countries are positioning themselves for leadership in the knowledge based economies for coming era.
There was a time when countries could achieve economic success with cheap labour and low-tech manufacturing. Low wages still help, but contemporary large-scale development requires a sophisticated and at least partly knowledge-based economy. India has chosen that path, but will find a major stumbling block in its universities system.
India has significant advantages in the 21st century knowledge race. It has a large higher education sector --- the third largest in the world in student numbers, after China and the United States. It uses English as a primary language of higher education and research. It has a long academic tradition. Academic freedom is respected. There are a small number of highly quality institutions, departments, and centres that can form the basis of quality sector in higher education. The fact that the States, rather than the Central Government, exercise major responsibility for higher education creates a rather cumbersome structure, but the system allows for a variety of policies and approaches.
Yet the weakness far outweigh the strengths. India educates approximately 10 per cent of its young people in higher education compared with more than half in the major industrialised countries and 15 per cent in China. Almost all of the world’s academic systems resemble a pyramid, with a small high quality tier at the top and a massive sector at the bottom. India has a tiny top tier. None of its universities occupies a solid position at the top. A few of the best universities have some excellent departments and centres and there are a small number of outstanding undergraduate colleges. The university Grants Commission’s recent major support of five universities to build on their recognised strength is a step toward recognising a differentiated academic system and fostering excellence. These universities, combined, enroll well under 1 percent of the student population.

Question 31

Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage: MASSIVE

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Question 32

Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage: STUMBLING BLOCK

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Question 33

Choose the word which is most opposite in the meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage: CUMBERSOME

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Question 34

Choose the word which is most opposite in the meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage: RESEMBLE

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Question 35

Choose the word which is most opposite in the meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage: DIFFERENTIATED

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Instructions

Rearrange the following six sentences, A,B,C,D,E and F in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph. Then answer the questions given below them.
A. Its prevalence reflects very badly on a society that is not able to stop this evil.
B. Though elimination of child labour is an impossible task considering the current socio-economic scenario of these poor families, the Indian government is `committed to the task of ensuring that no child remains illiterate, hungry without medical care.
C. Therefore, unless the socio-economic status of the poor families is improved. India has to live with child labour.
D. The members of these households have to send their children to work, even if the future of these innocent children is ruined, as that is the only choice open for them to survive in this world.
E. Child labour is, no doubt, an evil that should be done away with at the earliest.
F. But in a society where many households may have to suffer the pangs of hunger if the children are withdrawn from work, beggars can’t be choosers.

Question 36

Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?

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Question 37

Which of the following should be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?

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Question 38

Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?

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Question 39

Which of the following should be the FIFTH sentence after rearrangement?

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Question 40

Which of the following should be the SIXTH sentence after rearrangement?

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