Read (he following passage and choose the answer that is closest for each of the questions that are based on the passage.

"John Muir, Earth-planet, Universe." — These words arc written on the inside cover of the notebook from which the contents of this volume have been taken. They reflect the mood in which the late author and explorer undertook his thousand-mile walk to the Gulf of Mexico a half-century ago. Mo less does this refreshingly cosmopolitan address, which might have startled any finder of the book, reveal the temper and the comprehensiveness of Mr. Muir's mind. Even at the early age of twenty-nine his eager interest in every aspect of the natural world had made him a citizen of the universe.

On these expeditions he had disciplined himself to endure hardship, for his notebooks disclose the fact that he often went hungry and slept in the woods, or on the open prairies, with no cover except the clothes he wore.

"Oftentimes," Mr. Muir writes in some unpublished biographical notes, "I had to sleep mil without blankets, and also without supper or breakfast. But usually I had no great difficulty in finding a loaf of bread in the widely scattered clearings of the farmers. With one of these big backwoods loaves I was able to wander many a long, wild mile, free as the winds in the glorious forests and bogs, gathering plants and feeding on God's abounding, inexhaustible spiritual beauty bread. Only once in my long Canada wanderings was the deep peace of the wilderness savagely broken. It happened in the maple woods about midnight, when I was cold and my fire was low. I was awakened by the awfully dismal howling of the wolves, and got up in haste to replenish the fire,"

Had it not been for the accidental injury to his right eye in the month of March, 1867, he probably would have started somewhat earlier than he did. In a letter written to Indianapolis friends on the day after the accident, he refers mournfully to the interruption of a long-cherished plan, "For weeks," he writes, "I have daily consulted maps in locating a route through the Southern States, the West Indies, South America, and Europe - a botanical journey studied for years. But, alas, I am half blind. My right eye, trained to minute analysis, is lost and I have scarce heart to open the other."
The injury to his eye proved to be less serious than he had at first supposed. In June he was writing to a friend: "I have been reading and botanizing for some weeks, and find that for such work I am not very much disabled."

In an account written after the excursion he says: "I was eager to see Illinois prairies on my way home, so we went to Decatur, near the center of the State, thence, I botanized one week on the prairie about seven miles southwest of Pecatonica….. To me all plants are more precious than before. My poor eye is not better, nor worse, A cloud is over it, but in gazing over the widest landscapes, I am not always sensible of its presence."

Question 35

When Muir said that lie 'botanized', he meant that he

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