In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five words are suggested one of which fits the blank appropriately.Find out the appropriate word in each case.
Around the world forests are being(191) at a rate of about thirteen million hectares a year and deforestation accounts for an estimated 17%-20% of all global emissions In addition forests and other terrestrial carbon sinks play a (192) role in preventing runaway climate change soaking up a full 2.6 GT of atmospheric carbon every year The destruction of forests therefore not only emits carbon a staggering 1.6 Gt a year Which severely (193) forests capacity to absorb emissions from other sources but also drastically (194) the amount of forested land available to acts as a carbon sink in the future
However the effects of deforestation extend beyond carbon Rainforests (195) a wide variety of ecosystems services from regulating rainfall to purifying groundwater and keeping fertile soil from (196) deforestation in one area can seriously damage food production and (197) to clean water in an entire region The value of global ecosystem services has been estimated at 33 trillion USD each year almost half of global GDP but these services have been taken for granted without a mechanism to make the market reflect their value.Rainforests are also a home and (198) of income for a huge number of people in Africa Asia and South America. (199) this economic pressures frequently drive both local communities and national governments in the developing world to (200)these forests in ways that are unsustainable clear-cutting vast areas for fuel timber mining or agriculture land

Question 194



Among all the options, 'reduces' is most appropriate and suits the context well.

Hence, C is the correct option.

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