Read the passage below and choose the correct answer for the questions.

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is the space agency of the Government of India headquartered in the city of Bangalore. Its vision is to "harness space technology for national development while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration". Formed in 1969, ISRO superseded the erstwhile Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) established in 1962 by the efforts of independent India's first Prime Minister. Jawaharlal Nehru, and his close aide and scientist Vikram Sarabhai. The establishment of ISRO thus institutionalized space activities in India. It is managed by the Department of Space, which reports to the Prime Minister of India.

ISRO built India's first satellite, Aryabhatta, which was launched by the Soviet Union on 19th April, 1975. It was named after Mathematician Aryabhatta. In 1980, Rohini became the firstĀ satellite to be placed in orbit by an Indian-made launch vehicle, SLV-3. ISRO subsequently developed two other rockets: the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSL V) for launching satellitesĀ into polar orbits and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) for placing satellites into geostationary orbits. These rockets have launched numerous communication satellites andĀ each obse1vation satellites. Satellite navigation systems like GAGAN and IRNSS have been deployed. In January 2014. ISRO successfully used an indigenous cryogenic engine in a GSLVD5 launch of the GSAT-14.

ISRO sent a lunar orbiter, Chandrayaan-1. on 22nd October, 2008 and Mars orbiter, Mars Orbiter Mission, on 5th November, 2013, which successfully entered Mars orbit on 24th September,Ā 2014, while making India the first nation to succeed on its first attempt to Mars, and ISRO the fourth space agency in the world as well as the first space agency in Asia to successfully reach Mars orbit. On 18th June, 2016, ISRO successfully set a record with a launch of 20 satellites in a single payload, one being a satellite from Google. On 15th February, 2017, ISRO launched 104 satellites in a single rocket (PSLV-C37) and created a world record. ISRO launched its heaviest rocket, Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III ( GSLV-Mk III), on 5th June, 2017 and placed a communications satellite GSAT-19 in orbit. With this launch, ISRO became capable of launching 4 ton heavy satellites.

Question 126

What is the meaning in the word. "harness" found in the first paragraph of the passage?

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