SSC CPO 10th Nov 2022 Shift 1


Read the given passage and answer the questions that follow.

It is not an exaggeration to say that the question of where and when the Black Death, the deadliest pandemic ever, originated is one of the biggest mysteries in human history. After all, the Black Death was the first wave of the second plague pandemic of the 14th to early 19th centuries. It killed some 50-60% of the population in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa and an unaccountable number of people in Central Asia.

Different proposals, based on competing theories, have been put forward. But in 2017, I came across some records describing an intriguing medieval cemetery in Kara-Djigach, Chüy Valley, northern Kyrgyzstan, which I suspected may hold the key. As part of a multidisciplinary team co-led by Maria Spyrou at University of Tubingen, we have now investigated several specimens from individuals buried at that site - and come up with an answer. The idea that the Black Death originated in the east - territories overlapping, roughly speaking, Central Asia, Mongolia and China - dates back to the contemporaries of the pandemic in Europe and the Islamic world. The modern, academic Chinese origin theory dates back to at least to in 1756-8 and a publication about the history of Central Asia by French scholar Joseph de Guignes.

Question 191

What is the tone of the speaker?

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Question 192

What is the theme of the passage?

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Question 193

How does the passage describe Black Death?

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Question 194

Select the suitable word given in the passage which means ‘areas of land under the jurisdiction of a ruler or state’.

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Question 195

Which of the following may be the probable origin of Black Death, according to the passage?

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In the following passage, some words have been deleted. Read the passage carefully and select the most appropriate option to fill in each blank.

All elephants (1) ______ several distinctive features, the most notable of which is a long trunk or proboscis, used for many (2) _______, particularly breathing, lifting water and grasping objects. Their incisors grow (3) _______ tusks, which can serve as weapons and as tools for moving objects and digging. Elephants' large ear flaps help to control their body temperature. Their pillar-like legs (4) _______ carry their great weight. African elephants have larger ears and concave backs while Asian elephants have smaller ears and convex or level backs. One of the biggest threats to elephant populations is the ivory trade, as the animals are poached for their ivory tusks. Other threats to (5) ________ elephants include habitat destruction and conflicts with local people. Elephants are used as working animals in Asia. In the past they were used in war; today, they are often put on display in zoos and circuses.

Question 196

Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank number 1.

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Question 197

Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank number 2.

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Question 198

Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank number 3.

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Question 199

Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank number 4.

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Question 200

Select the most appropriate option to fill in blank number 5.

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