SBI PO 2010 2nd exam


Read the following passage carefully and answer the question given below it.Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the question.

Governments have traditionally equated economic progress with steel mills and cement factories. While urban centers thrive and city dwellers get rich, hundreds of millions of farmers remain mired in poverty.However fears of food shortages, a rethinking of anti-poverty priorities and the crushing recession in 2008 are causing a dramatic shift in world economic policy in favour of greater support for agriculture.
The last time when the world’s farmer felt such love was in the 1970s. At that time, as food prices spiked, there was real concern that the world was facing a crisis in which the planet was simply unable to produce enough grain and meat for an expanding population.Government across the developing world and international aid organisations plowed investment into agriculture in the early 1970s, while technological breakthroughs, like high-yield strains of important food crops, boosted production. The result was the Green Revolution and food production exploded.
But the Green Revolution became a victim of its own success.Food prices plunged by some 60% by the late 1980s from their peak in the mid-1970s. Policy makers and aid workers turned their attention to the poor’s other pressing needs such as health care and education. Farming got starved of resources and investment. By 2004 aid directed at agriculture sank to 3.5 % and Agriculture lost its glitter. Also as consumer in high-growth giants such as China and India became wealthier they began eating more meat so grain once used for human consumption got diverted to beef up livestock. By early 2008 panicked buying by importing countries and restrictions slapped on grain exports by some big producers helped drive prices upto heights not seen for three decades. Making matters worse land and resources got reallocated to produce cash crops such as biofuels and the result was that voluminous reserves of grain evaporated. Protests broke out across the emerging world and fierce food riots toppled governments.
This spurred global leaders into action. This made them aware that food security is one of the fundamental issues in the world that has to be dealt with in order to maintain administrative and political stability. This also spurred the US which traditionally provisioned food aid from American grain surpluses to help needy nations to move towards investing in farm sectors around the globe to boost productive for themselves and be in a better position to feed their own people.
Africa, which missed out on the first Green Revolution due to poor policy and limited resources, also witnessed a 'change'. Swayed by the success of East Asia the primary poverty-fighting method favoured by many policy-makers in Africa was to get farmers off their farms and into modern jobs in factories and urban centers. But that strategy proved to be highly insufficient. Income levels in the countryside badly trailed those in cities while the FAO estimated that the number of poor going hungry in 2009 reached an all time high at more than one billion.
In India on the other hand with only 40% of its farmland irrigated, entire economic boom currently underway is held hostage by the unpredictable monsoon. With much of India’s farming areas suffering from drought this year, the government will have a tough time meeting its economic growth targets. In a report Goldman Sachs, predicted that if this year, too receives weak rains it could cause agriculture to contract by 2 % this fiscal year making the government 7%GDP growth target look "a bit rich". Another green revolution is the need of the hour and to make it a reality, the global community still has much backbreaking farm work to do.

Question 1

What is the author’s main objective in writing the passage ?

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Question 2

Which of the following is an adverse impact of the Green Revolution ?

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Question 3

What is the author trying to convey through the phrase making the government 7 % GDP growth target look a bit rich ?

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Question 4

Which of the following factors was/were responsible for the neglect of the farming sector after the Green Revolution ?
A. Steel and cement sectors generated more revenue for the government as compared to agriculture
B. Large-scale protests against favouring agriculture at the cost of other important sectors such as education and health care
C. Attention of policy makers and aid organisations was diverted from agriculture to other sectors

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Question 5

What prompted leaders throughout the world to take action to boost the agriculture sector in 2008 ?

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Question 6

What motivated the US to focus on investing in agriculture across the globe ?

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Question 7

What impact did economic recession of 2008 have on agriculture ?

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Question 8

What encouraged African policy-makers to focus on urban jobs ?

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Question 9

Which of the following had contributed to exorbitant food prices in 2008 ?
(A) Hoarding of food stocks by local wholesalers which inadvertently created a food shortage
(B)Export of foodgrains was reduced by large producers
(C)Diverting resources from cultivation of foodgrains to that of more profitable crops

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Question 10

Which of the following is true about the state of agriculture in India at present ?
(A)Of all the sectors agriculture needs the highest allocation of funds
(B)Contribution of agriculture to India’s GDP this year would depend greatly upon the monsoon rains
(C)As India is one of the high-growth countries it has surplus food reserves export to other nations

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