IBPS PO 2017


Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given it. Certain word/phrases have been printed in ‘’bold’’ to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.

India is rushing headlong towards economic success and modernisation, counting on hightech industries such as information technology and biotechnology to propel the nation to prosperity.
India’s recent announcement that it would no longer produce unlicensed inexpensive generic pharmaceuticals bowed to the realities of the World Trade Organisation while at the same time challenging the domestic drug industry to compete with the multinational firms. Unfortunately, its weak higher education sector constitutes the Achilles’ heel of this strategy. Its systematic disinvestment in higher education in recent years has yield neither world-class research nor very many highly trained scholars, scientists or managers to sustain high-tech development.
India’s main competitor especially China buts also Singapore, Taiwan and South Korea are investing in large and ‘’differentiated’’ higher education systems. They are providing access to large number of students at the bottom of the academic system while at the same time building some research-based universities that are able to compete with the world’s best institutions. The recent London Times Higher Education Supplement ranking of the world’s top 200 universities included three in China, three in Hong Kong three in South Korea. one in Taiwan, and one in India. These countries are positioning themselves for leadership in the knowledge based economies for coming era.
There was a time when countries could achieve economic success with cheap labour and low-tech manufacturing. Low wages still help, but contemporary large-scale development requires a sophisticated and at least partly knowledge-based economy. India has chosen that path, but will find a major stumbling block in its universities system.
India has significant advantages in the 21st century knowledge race. It has a large higher education sector --- the third largest in the world in student numbers, after China and the United States. It uses English as a primary language of higher education and research. It has a long academic tradition. Academic freedom is respected. There are a small number of highly quality institutions, departments, and centres that can form the basis of quality sector in higher education. The fact that the States, rather than the Central Government, exercise major responsibility for higher education creates a rather cumbersome structure, but the system allows for a variety of policies and approaches.
Yet the weakness far outweigh the strengths. India educates approximately 10 per cent of its young people in higher education compared with more than half in the major industrialised countries and 15 per cent in China. Almost all of the world’s academic systems resemble a pyramid, with a small high quality tier at the top and a massive sector at the bottom. India has a tiny top tier. None of its universities occupies a solid position at the top. A few of the best universities have some excellent departments and centres and there are a small number of outstanding undergraduate colleges. The university Grants Commission’s recent major support of five universities to build on their recognised strength is a step toward recognising a differentiated academic system and fostering excellence. These universities, combined, enroll well under 1 percent of the student population.

Question 41

Which of the following is/are India’s weakness/es when it comes to higher education?
A. India universities do not have the requisite teaching faculty to cater to the needs of the higher education sector
B. Only five Indian universities occupy the top position very strongly, in the academic pyramid, when it comes to higher education
C. India has the least percentage of young population talking to higher education as comapred to the rest of the comparable countries.

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Question 42

Which of the following , according to the passage, is/are needed for economic success of a country?
A. Cheap labour
B. Educated employees
C. Research institutions to cater to development

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Question 43

Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage: FOSTERING

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Question 44

Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage: PROPEL

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Question 45

Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage: MASSIVE

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Which of the following phrases (I), (II), and (III) given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence grammatically correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (e) i.e., “No correction required” as the answer.

Question 46

Despite of his heroics in the under-19 world cup final, Manjot did not get a good IPL contract.
I. In spite of his heroics
II. Although he is playing magnificently
III. Even after playing brilliantly

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Question 47

Revolutionary scientists designed varieties of strategies to make the will of the people discernible.
I. a multiple strategies
II. several strategies
III. multitude of strategy

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Question 48

At the time of the American Revolution most of the New World still belong to Spain and Portugal, whose captains and conquerors had been the first to come to its shores.
I. was still in possession of
II. yet belonged to
III. still belonged to

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Question 49

Although as they now stand none appear to be of earlier date than the ninth or tenth century, these stories all breathe the very breath of a primitive world.
I. Even as they now stand
II. Though as they now stand
III. Even though as they now stand

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Question 50

The battle of Saratoga is included by Sir Edward Creasy among his fifteen decisive battles which have, by its result, affected the history of the world.
I. by their results
II. due to its result
III. by virtue of their results

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