SBI Clerk 2shift 19 Aug 2007


Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.

Recent advances in science and technology have made it possible for geneticists to find out abnormalities in the unborn foetus and take remedial action to rectify some defects which would otherwise prove to be fatal to the child. Though genetic engineering is still at its infancy, scientists can now predict with greater accuracy a genetic disorder. It is not yet an exact science since they are not in a position to predict when exactly a genetic disorder will set in. While they have not yet been able to change the genetic order of the gene in germs, they are optimistic and are holding out that in the near future they might be successful in achieving this feat. They have, however , acquired the ability in manipulating tissue cells. However, genetic misinformation can sometimes be damaging for it may adversely affect people psychologically. Genetic information may lead to a tendency to brand some people as inferiors. Genetic information can therefore be abused and its application in deciding the sex of the foetus and its subsequent abortion is now hotly debated on ethical lines. But on this issue geneticists cannot be squarely blamed though this charge has often been levelled at them. It is mainly a societal problem. At persent genetic engineering is a costly process of detecting disorders but scientists hope to reduce the costs when technology becomes more advanced. This is why much progress in this area has been possible in scientifically advanced and rich countries like the U.S.A., U.K. and Japan. It remains to be seen if in the future this science will lead to the development of a race of supermen or will be able to obliterate disease from this world.

Question 41

Which of the following is the same in meaning as the phrase ‘holding out’ as used in the passage?

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Question 42

According to the passage, the question of abortion is

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Question 43

Which of the following is true regarding the reasons for progress in genetic engineering ?

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Question 44

Which of the following is the same in meaning as the word ‘obliterate’ as used in the passage ?

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Question 45

Which of the following is the opposite in meaning to the word ‘charge’ as used in the passage?

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Question 46

Which of the following is not true of the genetic engineering movement ?

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Question 47

Which of the following is the same in meaning as the word ‘feat’ as used in the passage ?

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Question 48

Why, according to the author, is genetic misinformation severely damaging?
(A) The cost involved is very high.
(B) Some people are unjustly branded as inferior.

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Question 49

In the passage, ‘abused’ means

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Question 50

At present genetic engineering can rectify all genetic disorders, Is it ?

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