Given below are two passages followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of each passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
Mark answer (1) : if the inference is “definitely true” i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
Mark answer (2) : if the inference is “probably true” though not “definitely true” in the light of the facts given.
Mark answer (3) : if the data are inadequate i.e. from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
Mark answer (4) : if the inference is “probably false” though not “definitely false” in the light of the facts given.
Mark answer (5) : if the inference is “definitely false” i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts,
Long term economic progress comes mainly from the invention and spread of improved technologies. The scientific revolution was made possible by the printing press, the industrial revolution by the steam engine and India’s escape from famine by increased farm yields the so called ‘Green Revolution’. Right now rich countries are changing the world’s climate by emitting billions of tonnes of carbon dioxide each year from the use of coal, oil and natural gas. In future years China and India will make massive contributions to increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Yet no country rich or poor, is keen to cut its energy use, owing to concern that to do so would threaten jobs, incomes and economic growth.. New technologies will provide a key part of the solution. Already, `hybrid’ automobiles, which combine gasoline and battery power,can roughly double fuel efficiency cutting carbon dioxide emissions by half. Similarly, engineers have developed ways to capture the carbon dioxide that results from burning coal in power plants and store it safely underground. The new technology called “carbon capture and sequestration” can cut 80%, of the carbon dioxide emitted during the production of electricity.
Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.
Mark answer a: if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
Mark answer b: if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
Mark answer c: if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
Mark answer d: if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
Mark answer e: if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause.
Aviation is important, both as an industry in its own right and as a facilitator for the success and competitiveness of other industries. The success of the aviation industry is also integral to national competitiveness, economic development and social progress. More importantly, aviation supports those new economy sectors on which India’s future prosperity relies, like information technology, biotechnology, finance and electronics. That India’s air transport industry is on the rise is an undisputable fact. However, the Indian economy will only achieve its
true potential if we are able to compete in the industries of the future. We need to be strong in the areas with potential to grow and the role of India’s aviation sector is critical in this regard.