SSC Static GK – World’s Largest Deserts [PDF]

World's Largest Deserts PDF
World's Largest Deserts PDF

SSC Static GK – World’s Largest Deserts [PDF]

A desert is a desolate expanse of terrain with minimal precipitation and, as a result, harsh living conditions for plants and animals. The lack of vegetation exposes the ground’s bare surface to denudation processes.

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List of World’s Largest Deserts [PDF] :-

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The World’s Largest Deserts with Place and Country, Rank, Areas

Name Type Place and Country Area (Km2 ) Rank
Antarctica Cold Winter Antarctica 1,40,00,000 1
Arctic Cold Winter Artic 1,39,85,000 2
Sahara Subtropical North Africa 90,00,000 3
Arabian Desert Subtropical Western Asia 23,30,000 4
Gobi Desert Cold Winter Central Asia (China and Mongolia) 10,00,000 5
Kalahari Desert Subtropical Southern Africa 9,00,000 6
Great Victoria Desert Subtropical Australia 6,47,000 7
Patagonian Desert Cold Winter South America (Argentina and Chile) 6,20,000 8
Syrian Desert Subtropical Western Asia (Iraq, Jordan and Syria) 5,20,000 9
Great Basin Desert Cold Winter United States 4,92,000 10
Chihuahuan Desert Subtropical North America (Mexico and USA) 4,50,000 11
Great Sandy Desert Subtropical Australia 4,00,000 12
Karakum Desert Cold Winter Turkmenistan 3,50,000 13
Colorado Plateau Cold Winter United States 3,37,000 14
Sonoran Desert Subtropical North America (Mexico and USA) 3,10,000 15
Kyzylkum Desert Cold Winter Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) 3,00,000 16
Taklamakan Desert Cold Winter China 2,70,000 17
Thar Desert Subtropical South Asia (India and Pakistan) 2,00,000 18
Gibson Desert Subtropical Australia 1,56,000 19
Dasht-E Margo Subtropical Afghanistan 1,50,000 20
Registan Desert Subtropical Afghanistan 1,46,000 21
Simpson Desert Subtropical Australia 1,45,000 22
Atacama Desert Cool Coastal South America (Chile and Peru) 1,40,000 23
Mojave Desert Subtropical United States 1,24,000 24
Namib Desert Cool Coastal Southern Africa (Angola and Namibia) 81,000 25
Dasht –E Kavir Subtropical Iran 77,000 26
Dasht – E Loot Subtropical Iran 52,000 27

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  • Deserts are sometimes defined as locations where evaporation loses more water than precipitation falls. This is especially true in areas experiencing “desertification,” when rising temperatures (i.e., climate change) cause river beds to dry up, precipitation patterns to shift, and flora to die off.
  • The Deserts, such as the Sahara Desert in Africa, the Gobi Desert in northern China and Mongolia, and Death Valley in California, are generally among the warmest and most hostile regions on Earth. However, they can also be cold, windswept landscapes with little to no snowfall, such as those seen in the Antarctic and Arctic.
  • So, in the end, being heated plays a minor role. On the other hand, deserts are characterised by little to no rainfall and If the temperature extremes and Deserts cover roughly one-third of the Earth’s surface. However, the majority of it is found in the polar areas.


  • Antarctica: With 13.8 million square kilometres, the Antarctic Desert is the largest desert on the planet. Antarctica is the world’s coldest, windiest, and most isolated continent, and it’s classified as a desert since yearly precipitation in the interior can be as low as 51 millimetres.
  • Although research stations have strewn around the continent house anything from 1,000 to 5,000 researchers, there are no permanent human residents, the largest of which is McMurdo Station on Ross Island’s tip. Only a few cold-adapted species of mites, algae, and tundra vegetation can thrive there, in addition to a small number of mammals.

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Deserts Remaining:

  • Interestingly, the 2nd largest desert in the world is also notoriously cold. Location with the above 75 degrees north latitude, the Arctic Desert covers about 13.7 million square kilometres, predominantly snow.
  • With a total area of 9.4 million square kilometres, the Sahara is the world’s third-biggest desert. Overall, the majority of the Saraha receives less than 20 mm of rainfall (0.79 in).
  • In other words, deserts aren’t just dunes and areas where you might run into Bedouins and Berbers, nor are they just a place you have to drive through to get to Napa Valley. They might be sandy or frigid deserts, and they can be found on every continent in the world. In the end, their noticeable lack of moisture is the distinguishing feature.

These are a few key points to remember when it comes to the General Awareness component of government exams.

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