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# Reasoning Questions For SSC MTS PDF

Download Top-20 SSC MTS Reasoning Questions PDF. Reasoning questions based on asked questions in previous year exam papers very important for the SSC MTS exam.

Question 1: If 6 # 8 = 10 and 5 # 12 = 13, then 9 # 40 = ?

a) 47

b) 63

c) 41

d) 53

Question 2: If “A” denotes “added to”, “B” denotes “subtracted from”, “C” denotes “multiplied by” and “D” denotes “divided by” then which of the following equation is true ?

a) 12 A 6 B 3 C 4 D 3 = 14

b) 13 B 6 D 3 C 2 A 5 = 12

c) 72 D 18 C 14 B 68 A 10 = – 4

d) 68 D 4 A 6 B 3 C 8 = 0

Question 3: If ” @”denotes “added to”, “#” denotes “multiplied by”, $”\circledR”$ denotes “divided by” and “%” denotes “subtracted from”, then which of the following equation is true?

a) $8@8\circledR$8#8%8=9

b) 42%26$\circledR$13#2@8=46

c) 19%84$\circledR$4@3#4=12

d) 31%4$\circledR$2#19@3=4

Question 4: In a certain code language, “CONGO” is written as “RZPRD” and “TREAT” is written as “ UQGWX”. How is “PHONE” written in that code language ?

a) JNQIJ

b) KMQHK

c) MKQKH

d) LLPIL

Question 5: In a certain code language, “RESTED” is written as “SDTSFC”. How is “BANNED” written in that code language ?

a) CZOMFC

b) ABMODE

c) CZOODE

d) ABMMFC

Question 6: In the following question, select the word which connot be formed using the letters of the given word.
ENCOURAGING

a) GRAIN

b) RAGING

c) GAUGE

d) ENCOURAGE

Question 7: If ‘P 3 Q’ means ‘Q is daughter of P’, ‘P 5 Q’ means ‘Q is son of P’, ‘P 7 Q’ means ‘P is sister Q’, ‘P 9 Q’ means ‘P is brother of Q’. Which of the following Expression indicates A is nephew of D ?

a) B 9 D 5 C 5 A

b) B 7 D 9 C 5 A

c) B 7 D 7 C 3 A

d) B 7 D 9 C 3 A

Question 8: In a row of people, there are 12 people before Q. There are 4 people between P and Q. There are 15 people between Q and S. If there are 8 people between S and R, then how many minimum people are there in the row ?

a) 29

b) 32

c) 36

d) 37

Question 9: In a row of cars, red car is 14th from left and 23rd from right. How many cars are there in the row ?

a) 36

b) 37

c) 35

d) 34

Question 10: A series is given with one term missing. Select the correct alternative from the given ones that will complete the series:
B, E, I, S, K, ?

a) W

b) X

c) U

d) V

Question 11: A series is given with one term missing. Select the correct alternative from the given ones that will complete the series.
B, G, N, W, ?

a) I

b) G

c) J

d) H

Question 12: Arrange the given words in the sequence in which they occur in the dictionary:
1. Habit
2. Habitat
3. Handle
4. Hammer
5. Harvest

a) 21453

b) 12435

c) 21435

d) 14253

Question 13: Arrange the given words in the sequence in which they occur in the dictionary:
1. Reputation
2. Reptile
3. Republic
4. Replicate
5. Repository

a) 42531

b) 43251

c) 45312

d) 45231

Question 14: In the following question, select the odd number-pair from the alternatives:

a) 8-72

b) 6-42

c) 12-156

d) 4-12

Question 15: In the following question, select the odd number-pair from the given alternatives:

a) 15-45

b) 9-29

c) 31-93

d) 41-123

Question 16: In the following question, select the odd letters from the given alternatives

a) AEI

b) IMQ

c) EIL

d) MQU

Question 17: In the following question, select the odd letters from the given alternatives:

a) GEF

b) MLK

c) IKJ

d) VWY

Question 18: In the following question, select the odd word pari from the given alternatives:

a) Wheat – Rabi

b) Rice – Rabi

c) Maize – Kharif

d) Barley – Rabi

Question 19: In the following question, select the odd word pair from the given alternatives:

a) Speaker – Sound

b) Bulb – Light

c) Fire – Heat

d) Earth – Land

Question 20: In the following question, select the related number from the given alternatives:
36 : 27 :: 196 : ?

a) 257

b) 89

c) 173

d) 343

The pattern followed is : $a$ # $b=c$ $\equiv a^2+b^2=c^2$

Eg :- $(6)^2+(8)^2=36+64=100=(10)^2$

and $(5)^2+(12)^2=25+144=169=(13)^2$

Similarly, $(9)^2+(40)^2=81+1600=1681=(41)^2$

=> Ans – (C)

(A) : 12 A 6 B 3 C 4 D 3 = 14

$\equiv12+6-3\times4\div3=14$

L.H.S. = $12+6-(\frac{3\times4}{3})$

= $18-4=14=$ R.H.S.

=> Ans – (A)

(A) : $8@8\circledR$8#8%8=9

$\equiv8+8\div8\times8-8$

L.H.S. = $8+8-8=8\neq$ R.H.S.

(B) : 42%26$\circledR$13#2@8=46

$\equiv42-26\div13\times2+8$

L.H.S. = $42-4+8=46=$ R.H.S.

=> Ans – (B)

“CONGO” is written as “RZPRD” and “TREAT” is written as “ UQGWX”

The pattern followed is :

Similarly, for PHONE : KMQHK

=> Ans – (B)

Expression : “RESTED” is written as “SDTSFC”

The pattern followed is :

Similarly, for BANNED : CZOMFC

=> Ans – (A)

The word ENCOURAGING does not contain any ‘E’, thus the term Encourage cannot be formed.

=> Ans – (D)

(A) : B 9 D 5 C 5 A

B is brother of D and D is son of C.

Also, C is son of A, => A is either grandfather or grandmother of D.

(B) : B 7 D 9 C 5 A

B is sister of D and D is brother of C.

Also, A is son of C, => A is nephew of D.

=> Ans – (B)

There are 12 people before Q, => Let us assume Q is at 13th position from left end.

There are 15 people between Q and S, => S is at 29th position.

There are 4 people between P and Q, => P can be either at 8th or 18th position from left.

There are 8 people between S and R, => R is at 20th position.

Thus, there are minimum of 29 people in the row.

=> Ans – (A)

Red car is 14th from left and 23rd from right

=> Total number of cars = $(14+23)-1=36$

=> Ans – (A)

The letters corresponding to the above series are : B(2), E(5), I(9), S(19), K(11 or 37)

2 $\times2+1=5$

5 $\times2-1=9$

9 $\times2+1=19$

19 $\times2-1=37$ (or 11)

11 $\times2+1=23\equiv W$

=> Ans – (A)

B (+5) = G (+7) = N (+9) = W (+11) = H

=> Ans – (D)

As per the order of dictionary,

= Habit -> Habitat -> Hammer -> Handle -> Harvest

$\equiv$ 12435

=> Ans – (B)

As per the order of dictionary,

= Replicate -> Repository -> Reptile -> Republic -> Reputation

$\equiv$ 45231

=> Ans – (D)

The numbers are of the form : $n^2+n$

(A) : $(8)^2+8=72$

(B) : $(6)^2+6=42$

(C) : $(12)^2+12=156$

(D) : $(4)^2+4=20\neq12$

=> Ans – (D)

If we divide the second number by first number, quotient is 3.

(A) : $\frac{45}{15}=3$

(B) : $\frac{29}{9}=3.22$

(C) : $\frac{93}{31}=3$

(D) : $\frac{123}{41}=3$

=> Ans – (B)

(A) : A (+4) = E (+4) = I

(B) : I (+4) = M (+4) = Q

(C) : E (+4) = I (+3) = L

(D) : M (+4) = Q (+4) = U

=> Ans – (C)

In the first three options, the given combinations are groups of consecutive letters from English alphabetical series, i.e. (EFG), (KLM), (IJK), hence VWY is the odd one.

=> Ans – (D)

First is the type of second, Wheat and barley are rabi crops, while rice and maize are kharif crops, hence Rice – Rabi is the odd one.

=> Ans – (B)

First is the source of second, sound comes from speaker, light from a bulb and fire provides heat, hence Earth – Land is the odd one.

=> Ans – (D)

The pattern followed is = $(n)^2:(\frac{n}{2})^3$
Eg :- $(6)^2:(\frac{6}{2})^3=36:27$
Similarly, $(14)^2=196$
=> $(\frac{14}{2})^3=(7)^3=343$