# Reasoning Questions For SSC MTS PDF

Download Top-20 SSC MTS Reasoning Questions PDF. Reasoning questions based on asked questions in previous year exam papers very important for the SSC MTS exam.

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**Question 1: **If 6 # 8 = 10 and 5 # 12 = 13, then 9 # 40 = ?

a) 47

b) 63

c) 41

d) 53

**Question 2: **If “A” denotes “added to”, “B” denotes “subtracted from”, “C” denotes “multiplied by” and “D” denotes “divided by” then which of the following equation is true ?

a) 12 A 6 B 3 C 4 D 3 = 14

b) 13 B 6 D 3 C 2 A 5 = 12

c) 72 D 18 C 14 B 68 A 10 = – 4

d) 68 D 4 A 6 B 3 C 8 = 0

**Question 3: **If ” @”denotes “added to”, “#” denotes “multiplied by”, $”\circledR”$ denotes “divided by” and “%” denotes “subtracted from”, then which of the following equation is true?

a) $8@8\circledR$8#8%8=9

b) 42%26$\circledR$13#2@8=46

c) 19%84$\circledR$4@3#4=12

d) 31%4$\circledR$2#19@3=4

**Question 4: **In a certain code language, “CONGO” is written as “RZPRD” and “TREAT” is written as “ UQGWX”. How is “PHONE” written in that code language ?

a) JNQIJ

b) KMQHK

c) MKQKH

d) LLPIL

**Question 5: **In a certain code language, “RESTED” is written as “SDTSFC”. How is “BANNED” written in that code language ?

a) CZOMFC

b) ABMODE

c) CZOODE

d) ABMMFC

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**Question 6: **In the following question, select the word which connot be formed using the letters of the given word.

ENCOURAGING

a) GRAIN

b) RAGING

c) GAUGE

d) ENCOURAGE

**Question 7: **If ‘P 3 Q’ means ‘Q is daughter of P’, ‘P 5 Q’ means ‘Q is son of P’, ‘P 7 Q’ means ‘P is sister Q’, ‘P 9 Q’ means ‘P is brother of Q’. Which of the following Expression indicates A is nephew of D ?

a) B 9 D 5 C 5 A

b) B 7 D 9 C 5 A

c) B 7 D 7 C 3 A

d) ~~B 7 D 9 C 3 A~~

**Question 8: **In a row of people, there are 12 people before Q. There are 4 people between P and Q. There are 15 people between Q and S. If there are 8 people between S and R, then how many minimum people are there in the row ?

a) 29

b) 32

c) 36

d) 37

**Question 9: **In a row of cars, red car is 14th from left and 23rd from right. How many cars are there in the row ?

a) 36

b) 37

c) 35

d) 34

**Question 10: **A series is given with one term missing. Select the correct alternative from the given ones that will complete the series:

B, E, I, S, K, ?

a) W

b) X

c) U

d) V

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**Question 11: **A series is given with one term missing. Select the correct alternative from the given ones that will complete the series.

B, G, N, W, ?

a) I

b) G

c) J

d) H

**Question 12: **Arrange the given words in the sequence in which they occur in the dictionary:

1. Habit

2. Habitat

3. Handle

4. Hammer

5. Harvest

a) 21453

b) 12435

c) 21435

d) 14253

**Question 13: **Arrange the given words in the sequence in which they occur in the dictionary:

1. Reputation

2. Reptile

3. Republic

4. Replicate

5. Repository

a) 42531

b) 43251

c) 45312

d) 45231

**Question 14: **In the following question, select the odd number-pair from the alternatives:

a) 8-72

b) 6-42

c) 12-156

d) 4-12

**Question 15: **In the following question, select the odd number-pair from the given alternatives:

a) 15-45

b) 9-29

c) 31-93

d) 41-123

**Question 16: **In the following question, select the odd letters from the given alternatives

a) AEI

b) IMQ

c) EIL

d) MQU

**Question 17: **In the following question, select the odd letters from the given alternatives:

a) GEF

b) MLK

c) IKJ

d) VWY

**Question 18: **In the following question, select the odd word pari from the given alternatives:

a) Wheat – Rabi

b) Rice – Rabi

c) Maize – Kharif

d) Barley – Rabi

**Question 19: **In the following question, select the odd word pair from the given alternatives:

a) Speaker – Sound

b) Bulb – Light

c) Fire – Heat

d) Earth – Land

**Question 20: **In the following question, select the related number from the given alternatives:

36 : 27 :: 196 : ?

a) 257

b) 89

c) 173

d) 343

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**Answers & Solutions:**

**1) Answer (C)**

The pattern followed is : $a$ # $b=c$ $\equiv a^2+b^2=c^2$

Eg :- $(6)^2+(8)^2=36+64=100=(10)^2$

and $(5)^2+(12)^2=25+144=169=(13)^2$

Similarly, $(9)^2+(40)^2=81+1600=1681=(41)^2$

=> Ans – (C)

**2) Answer (A)**

(A) : 12 A 6 B 3 C 4 D 3 = 14

$\equiv12+6-3\times4\div3=14$

L.H.S. = $12+6-(\frac{3\times4}{3})$

= $18-4=14=$ R.H.S.

=> Ans – (A)

**3) Answer (B)**

(A) : $8@8\circledR$8#8%8=9

$\equiv8+8\div8\times8-8$

L.H.S. = $8+8-8=8\neq$ R.H.S.

(B) : 42%26$\circledR$13#2@8=46

$\equiv42-26\div13\times2+8$

L.H.S. = $42-4+8=46=$ R.H.S.

=> Ans – (B)

**4) Answer (B)**

“CONGO” is written as “RZPRD” and “TREAT” is written as “ UQGWX”

The pattern followed is :

Similarly, for PHONE : **KMQHK**

=> Ans – (B)

**5) Answer (A)**

Expression : “RESTED” is written as “SDTSFC”

The pattern followed is :

Similarly, for BANNED : **CZOMFC**

=> Ans – (A)

**6) Answer (D)**

The word ENCOURAGING does not contain any ‘E’, thus the term **Encourage** cannot be formed.

=> Ans – (D)

**7) Answer (B)**

(A) : B 9 D 5 C 5 A

B is brother of D and D is son of C.

Also, C is son of A, => A is either grandfather or grandmother of D.

(B) : B 7 D 9 C 5 A

B is sister of D and D is brother of C.

Also, A is son of C, => A is nephew of D.

=> Ans – (B)

**8) Answer (A)**

There are 12 people before Q, => Let us assume Q is at 13th position from left end.

There are 15 people between Q and S, => S is at 29th position.

There are 4 people between P and Q, => P can be either at 8th or 18th position from left.

There are 8 people between S and R, => R is at 20th position.

Thus, there are minimum of **29 people** in the row.

=> Ans – (A)

**9) Answer (A)**

Red car is 14th from left and 23rd from right

=> Total number of cars = $(14+23)-1=36$

=> Ans – (A)

**10) Answer (A)**

The letters corresponding to the above series are : B(2), E(5), I(9), S(19), K(11 or *37*)

2 $\times2+1=5$

5 $\times2-1=9$

9 $\times2+1=19$

19 $\times2-1=37$ (or 11)

11 $\times2+1=23\equiv W$

=> Ans – (A)

**11) Answer (D)**

Consecutive odd numbers are added.

B (+5) = G (+7) = N (+9) = W (+11) = **H**

=> Ans – (D)

**12) Answer (B)**

As per the order of dictionary,

= Habit -> Habitat -> Hammer -> Handle -> Harvest

$\equiv$ 12435

=> Ans – (B)

**13) Answer (D)**

As per the order of dictionary,

= Replicate -> Repository -> Reptile -> Republic -> Reputation

$\equiv$ 45231

=> Ans – (D)

**14) Answer (D)**

The numbers are of the form : $n^2+n$

(A) : $(8)^2+8=72$

(B) : $(6)^2+6=42$

(C) : $(12)^2+12=156$

(D) : $(4)^2+4=20\neq12$

=> Ans – (D)

**15) Answer (B)**

If we divide the second number by first number, quotient is 3.

(A) : $\frac{45}{15}=3$

(B) : $\frac{29}{9}=3.22$

(C) : $\frac{93}{31}=3$

(D) : $\frac{123}{41}=3$

=> Ans – (B)

**16) Answer (C)**

(A) : A (+4) = E (+4) = I

(B) : I (+4) = M (+4) = Q

(C) : E (+4) = I (**+3**) = L

(D) : M (+4) = Q (+4) = U

=> Ans – (C)

**17) Answer (D)**

In the first three options, the given combinations are groups of consecutive letters from English alphabetical series, i.e. (EFG), (KLM), (IJK), hence **VWY** is the odd one.

=> Ans – (D)

**18) Answer (B)**

First is the type of second, Wheat and barley are rabi crops, while rice and maize are kharif crops, hence **Rice – Rabi **is the odd one.

=> Ans – (B)

**19) Answer (D)**

First is the source of second, sound comes from speaker, light from a bulb and fire provides heat, hence **Earth – Land** is the odd one.

=> Ans – (D)

**20) Answer (D)**

Expression = 36 : 27 :: 196 : ?

The pattern followed is = $(n)^2:(\frac{n}{2})^3$

Eg :- $(6)^2:(\frac{6}{2})^3=36:27$

Similarly, $(14)^2=196$

=> $(\frac{14}{2})^3=(7)^3=343$

=> Ans – (D)