List of Hill Stations & Mountains in India PDF

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List of Mountains in India PDF - Hill stations in India
List of Mountains in India PDF - Hill stations in India

List of Mountains in India PDF covers the important mountains in India list and their locations. This mountains and Hill stations in India list is arranged state wise.

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List of Hill Stations in India

Hill Station State (Location)
Araku Andhra Pradesh
Almora Uttarakhand
Cherrapunjee Meghalaya
Coonoor Tamil Nadu
Dalhousie Himachal Pradesh
Darjeeling West Bengal
Gangtok Sikkim
Gulberga Karnataka
Kalimpong West Bengal
Kasauli Himachal Pradesh
Kemangundi Karnataka
Coorg (Kodagu) Karnataka
Khandala Maharashtra
Kodiakanal Tamil Nadu
Kullu valley Himachal Pradesh
Lansdowne Uttarakhand
Lonawala Maharashtra
Mahabaleshwar Maharashtra
Manali Himachal Pradesh
Mount Abu Rajasthan
Mussoorie Uttarakhand
Nainital Uttarakhand
Pahalgam Jammu and Kashmir
Panchgani Maharashtra
Panchmarhi Madhya Pradesh
Periyar Kerala
Ranchi Jharkhand
Ranikhet Uttarakhand
Saputara Gujarat
Shillong Meghalaya
Shimla Himachal Pradesh
Ooty Tamil Nadu

 

Hill Ranges in India is also important just like the List of Hills in India.

Hill Ranges in India:

Hill Range States
Eastern Ghats Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal
Western Ghats Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra
Aravallis Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana
Cardamom Hills Kerala and Tamil Nadu
Anaimalai Hills Kerala and Tamil Nadu
Nilgiri Hills Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka
Palani Hills Tamil Nadu
Satpura Range Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
Vindhyas Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh
Garo Hills Meghalaya
Khasi Hills Meghalaya
Jaintia Hills Meghalaya
Pir Panjal Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir
Karakoram Ladakh region in Jammu and Kashmir
Nallamala Hills Andhra Pradesh
Seshachalam Hills Andhra Pradesh

 

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List of Mountain Ranges in India:

Himalayas

  • Himalayas are spread across Northeastern Pakistan, Northern India, Southern Tibet, Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan.
  • In India Himalayas are present in the Indian states of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, as well as the hill regions of two states – Assam and West Bengal.
  • Mount Everest is the highest peak of the world at 8848m. It lies in the Himalayan Range in Nepal.
  • Kanchenjunga is the highest mountain in India and it is in Himalayas in Sikkim.
  • Himalayas is also the source of many great river ranges, including the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Indus.
  • The Himalayas is one of the youngest mountain ranges in the world.
  • Jim Corbett National Park in Nainital, Uttarakhand, Khangchendzonga National Park in Sikkim, Nanda Devi National Park in Joshimath, Uttarakhand and Great Himalayan National Park in Kullu region in Himachal Pradesh are the famous National parks of India situated in the Himalayan region.
  • The Himalayas are also called “Young fold mountains”.

 

 

Karakoram and Pir Panjal Range

  • The Karakoram is a large mountain range spanning the borders of Pakistan, India, and China, with the northwest extremity of the range extending to Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
  • The Pir Panjal Range is a group of mountains in the Inner Himalayan region, running across the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir and Pakistan administrated Kashmir.
  • K2, the second highest peak of the world, at 8,611m lies in the Karakoram Range.
  • The Siachen Glacier and The Biafo Glacier, which are world’s 2nd and 3rd largest glaciers, are located in this range.
  • This range is also known as Lower Himalayas. Rivers like Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum flow through this range. The city of Gulmarg, a very important hill station, lies here.

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Eastern Mountain Range or The Purvanchal Range

  • The Purvanchal Range can be considered as the extension of Himalayas in the eastern part of India as the process of formation of this range is quite similar to that of Himalayas, although the range is not as high as the Himalayas.
  • Mawsynram, in Meghalaya is the wettest place on Earth because of these hills and it lies in the Khasi Hill.
  • This range covers all the eastern states of India, which are commonly known as the Seven Sisters.

 

The Satpura and Vindhaya Range

  • The Satpura and Vindhaya Range lies in central India and both these ranges run parallel to each other.
  • Out of these two, Satpura range is higher in length and is the source of rivers like Narmada and Tapti.
  • Both Satpura and Vindhaya are mainly situated in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra with some extension to Gujarat, Chattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh.
  • These ranges are famous for a large number of tourist spots like Panchmarhi Hill Station, Kanha National Park, Amarkantak and Omkareshwar temple.

 

The Aravalli Range

  • The oldest mountain range of India, The Aravalli Range is also the oldest mountain range in the world.
  • It covers the Indian states of Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan and Gujarat.
  • This range is famous for many tourist attractions and Mount Abu the only hill station in Rajasthan is situated on this range.
  • City of Udaipur also known as Venice of the East, lies in the southern slopes of Aravalli Mountains.
  • Banas, Luni, and Sabarmati are the rivers that flow through this range.

 

The Western Ghats

  • Western Ghats is 1600m long mountain range that runs from Gujarat to Kanyakumari in south India.
  • This mountain range is also called “Sahyadri Mountains”.
  • It comprises the mountain range of Nilgiris, Anaimalai and Cardomom.
  • Tapti River marks its beginning in Gujarat and then it runs parallel to Arabian Sea crossing states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
  • Anaimalai Hills with elevation of 2695 m in Kerala is highest peak of this range.
  • Western Ghats is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites and has great bio-diversity.
  • Famous tourist attractions include Jog falls, Ooty, Bandipur National Park.
  • Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri are the important rivers in this range.

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The Eastern Ghats:

  • Eastern Ghats is mountain range running in eastern part of Indian Peninsula parallel to Bay of Bengal.
  • This range is not continuous and is lower in elevation when compared to Western Ghats. The range runs through Indian states of West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
  • Arma Konda with elevation of 1680m is highest peak of this region.
  • Eastern Ghats have a significant role in Indian agriculture as four major rivers of India i.e. Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna and Kaveri fall into Bay of Bengal through Eastern Ghats. They create a large fertile region which is suitable for crops like rice.
  • These Ghats are older than Western Ghats and they have some very important pilgrim sites like Tirumala Venkateshwara Temple in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Vishakhapatnam and Bhubaneswar are important cities located in Eastern Ghats.

 

Previous Questions:

Which hill station’s name means ‘place of the thunderbolt’?   [SSC CGL Tier 1 9-Aug-2015]

  1. Gangtok
  2. Shillong
  3. Oottacamand
  4. Darjeeling

 

Answer: D

 

Which hill station is-called as the ‘Queen of the Satpuras’?    [SSC CGL 2013 Tier 1 – 21 April]

  1. Pachmarhi
  2. Nilgiri
  3. Mahendragiri
  4. Cardamom

 

Answer: A

 

Hill station “Araku” is located in which state? [RRB 2015]

  1. Telangana
  2. Andhra Pradesh
  3. Karnataka
  4. None of the above

 

Answer: B

 

Where is Coorg Hill station located?

  1. Karnataka
  2. Kerala
  3. Madhya Pradesh
  4. Andhra Pradesh

 

Answer: A

 

‘Shivalik Hills’ is a mountain range of the outer Himalayas. The range is about 2400 km long passing through the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh Uttarakhand and ………….                                                                   [SBI Clerk 15 Feb 2015]

  1. Jammu & Kashmir
  2. Punjab
  3. Uttar Pradesh
  4. Haryana
  5. Rajasthan

 

Answer: A

 

 

Annaimudi peak is located in the………                                      [SSC CGL 2014 Tier 1 26 Oct]

  1. Sahyadri
  2. Eastern Ghats
  3. Nilgiri hills
  4. Palni hills

 

Answer: A

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The Elephant Hills are at the border of which of the following states?        [2017 SBI PO Mains]

  1. Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh
  2. Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka
  3. Kerala and Karnataka
  4. Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
  5. Tamil Nadu and Kerala

 

Answer: E

 

The city of Darjeeling is also known as?

  1. Land of looms and lores
  2. City of Peace
  3. Land of Black Diamond
  4. Queen of the Hills
  5. Pink City

 

Answer: D

 

 

In which district of Rajasthan does the Aravalli hills have its highest peak? [RRB 2013]

  1. Sirohi
  2. Udaipur
  3. Bikaner
  4. Alwar

 

Answer: A

 

The Andes Mountains are located in which continent?

  1. South America
  2. North America
  3. Europe
  4. Asia

 

Answer: A

 

The Mountains Pass Nathu-La is located in:                                                                  [RRB 2009]

  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Himachal Pradesh
  3. Sikkim
  4. Jammu & Kashmir

Answer: C

As you have gone through our List of Mountains in India PDF, also download our List of Airports in India PDF.

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