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# Critical Reasoning Questions for XAT

Practice XAT solved Critical Reasoning Questions paper tests, which are the practice question to have a firm grasp on the Critical Reasoning topic in the XAT exam. Top 20 very Important Critical Reasoning Questions for XAT based on asked questions in previous exam papers. Check out these Critical Reasoning questions, which are very helpful in acing this section in XAT 2023. Download Critical Reasoning Questions for XAT PDF with detailed solutions.

Instructions

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Question 1:Â Statement: The state government has issued a notification to the effect that all the coaching classes must register themselves immediately giving details of fees, infrastructural facilities and bio-data of teachers.
Assumptions:
I. All those coaching classes which do not have requisite infrastructure and teachers may close down
II. All the coaching classes may hereafter charge uniform fees for all the students

a)Â Give answer A if only assumption I is implicit

b)Â Give answer B if only assumption II is implicit

c)Â Give answer C if either assumption I or II is implicit

d)Â Give answer D if neither assumption I nor II is implicit

e)Â Give answer E if both assumptions I nor II is implicit

Solution:

Statement II is not an implicit assumption. It is not necessary that after this notice the coaching will charge uniformly. Fees is dependent on many factors such as material provided, infrastructure quality, teacher quality, number of dedicated hours etc. It is not necessary that all these factors are same due to the notice.
Statement I is an implicit assumption. If government issues this notice, it may be the case that coaching which have poor teachers and infrastructure may close down.

Thus, A is the correct answer.

Instructions

In making decision about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between â€˜strongâ€™ arguments and â€˜weakâ€™ arguments so far as they relate to the question. Strong arguments are those which are are of major importance and directly related to the question. Weak arguments are those which are minor importance and also be directly related to the question of may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.

After each question two Argument I and II are given. You have to decide which argument is strong and which argument is weak.

Question 2:Â Should India make an all out effort to secure permanent membership of UN Security Council at any cost ?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this is the only way to establish its supremacy in the region.
II. No, there are many other urgent issues which need governmentâ€™s immediate attention which will make life of citizens comfortable.

a)Â Give answer A if only argument I is strong

b)Â Give answer B if only argument II is strong

c)Â Give answer C if either argument I or II is strong

d)Â Give answer D if neither argument I nor II is strong

e)Â Give answer E if both argument I and II are strong

Solution:

Neither I nor II are important aspect or directly related to the question.
The information mentioned in II is not directly related to the argument. So, it is not strong.
Similarly, I is also a insignificant aspect of the question. So, it can also not be stated as strong.

So, D is the correct answer.

Question 3:Â Should there be only five holidays in a calendar year in all the states of India ?
Arguments:
I. Yes, we can not afford to lose so many working days as at present.
II. Yes, the USA has few holidays in a calendar year.

a)Â Give answer A if only argument I is strong

b)Â Give answer B if only argument II is strong

c)Â Give answer C if either argument I or II is strong

d)Â Give answer D if neither argument I nor II is strong

e)Â Give answer E if both argument I and II are strong

Solution:

Argument 1 says that we can not afford to lose so many working days as at present. But this is not backed by any reasoning. Thus it is incorrect.

Argument 2 says that the USA has few holidays in a calendar year but it does not mention the number of holidays at all. Thus it is also incorrect.

Hence Option D.

Instructions

In each of the following questions a statement is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something that supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Question 4:Â Statement: Nobody can predict as to how long our country would take to control the unfortunate and disastrous terrorist activities.
Assumptions:
I. It is impossible to put an end to terrorist activities.
II. Efforts to control the terrorist activities are on.

a)Â Give answer (A) if only assumption I is implicit

b)Â Give answer (B) if only assumption II is implicit

c)Â Give answer (C) if either assumption I nor II is implicit

d)Â Give answer (D) if neither assumption I nor II is implicit

e)Â Give answer (E) if both assumptions I and II are implicit

Solution:

Assumption 1 is false because the statement implies that the terrorist activities will end one day, though when exactly that would happen is not known.

Assumption 2 is implied as the statement makes it implicit that our country is trying to control the terrorist activities, even though it’s not been successful in completely controlling them yet.

Question 5:Â Statement: It is not true that the mightiest superpower always win wars and get accolades from other countries.
Assumptions:
I. Winners are sometimes admired and appreciated.
II. Winners are occasionally criticized.

a)Â Give answer (A) if only assumption I is implicit

b)Â Give answer (B) if only assumption II is implicit

c)Â Give answer (C) if either assumption I nor II is implicit

d)Â Give answer (D) if neither assumption I nor II is implicit

e)Â Give answer (E) if both assumptions I and II are implicit

Solution:

Assumptions 1 and 2 are complementary to each other. Winners are either admired or criticized – one of them is always true while the other is false. Hence, the best way to relate the assumptions is by “either”

Instructions

In each of the given sentence select the sentence which would either follow or precede the given sentence in grammatically and conceptually appropriate manner the instruction is given at the end of every statement

Question 6:Â This is because most of the institutes for higher learning lack the basic infrastructure trained staff and equipment necessary for the physically challenged.
Which of the following sentence would immediately precede the above sentence ?

a)Â Many physically challenged people have been performing as well as other students per form in their studies

b)Â The percent of illiterate physically challenged people in rural areas is considerably more than that in the urban areas

c)Â According to a recent survey only two out of nearly 200 universities in India have adequate number of books in Braille

d)Â Although government has been making many provisions to improve higher education in India no attention has been paid to the education of the physically challenged students

e)Â None of these

Solution:

The statement seems to be continuation of idea that there is lack of facilities for higher education for physically challenged.
Only option D presents this idea in a proper way and the question statement is continuation of this set premise.
Option D is correct option.

Question 7:Â The foreign embassy has put forward a demand to the government that prosecution may be carried out on a foreign land and not in the country to which the terrorists belong.
Which of the following sentence would immediately follow the above sentence ?

a)Â Army arrested the terrorists responsible for kidnapping four foreign tourists after a daylong operation

b)Â The foreign ministry has offered all possible help to the government for hunting down the terrorists involved in it

c)Â Government has politely declined the request to handover the arrested terrorists for prosecution outside the country

d)Â The arrested terrorists were sentenced to life imprisonment after being prosecuted by a panel of international judges

e)Â None of these

Solution:

The statement denotes a request. The statement following this would be a response.
The statement corresponding to the option C fits to the context and will follow the question statement.

Question 8:Â That was mainly because only two percent of the total farmers could actually comprehend the lengthy procedures to obtain the loan and be benefited from it.
Which of the following sentence would immediately precede the above sentence ?

a)Â Many moneylenders have been making the most out of this situation and providing loans to he rest of their farmers at inflated prices

b)Â There is thus an urgent needed to make the schemes and policy as simple and farmer friendly as possible

c)Â A new loan scheme started by the government a couple of months ago proved to be huge failure among the farmers

d)Â This situation can be improved by providing mediators to carry out and folllllllllllllow up of the lengthy official procedure for the farmers

e)Â None of these

Solution:

The question statement is explanation for some event. It has a negative essence.
Hence, the event is bound to be a failure.
The correct option is option C which is apt to the pattern and in sync.

Question 9:Â However since the beginning of the nineties free markets forces have been allowed to play for ensuring all round development in India markets as well.
Which of the following sentence would immediately precede the above sentence ?

a)Â Entry of various markets forces increased the competition faced by the indigenous organizations manifold

b)Â The severe shortage of newest technology and products in the late 1980s ended with the entry of foreign players in the Indian market

c)Â A major roadblock faced by the foreign investors was the poor infrastructural facilities which was however overtaken by the prospects seen in the huge market

d)Â India had been following a very selective and conservative economic policy during the late 1980s

e)Â None of these

Solution:

The given sentence has a positive outlook and it has a contradicting premise.
Hence, the preceeding sentence must be conveying an opposite idea.
Option D matches the pattern and is gramatically correct.
Hence, option D is correct option.

Question 10:Â Unfortunately however these slums dwellers are looked upon by the society as an appendix causing ills in the urban society.
Which of the following sentence would immediately precede the above sentence?

a)Â Health officials have been warning the government against the transmission of contagious diseases from the slum areas to other parts of the city

b)Â Slum dwellers not only play a significant role in urban economy but also provide cheap labour for everyday work of the cities

c)Â A recent report suggested that 34 per cent of government lands is illegally occupied by the slum dwellers

d)Â The slum dwellers live in sub human unhygienic conditions in their tiny shanties and are very often hubs for criminal activities

e)Â None of these

Solution:

The given sentence has a negative connotation.
However, it is a contradiiction. Hence, the preceeding statement is bound to be positive.
Therefore, option B is correct.

Question 11:Â However since the beginning of the nineties free markets forces have been allowed to play for ensuring all round development in India markets as well.
Which of the following sentence would immediately precede the above sentence ?

a)Â Entry of various markets forces increased the competition faced by the indigenous organizations manifold

b)Â The severe shortage of newest technology and products in the late 1980s ended with the entry of foreign players in the Indian market

c)Â A major roadblock faced by the foreign investors was the poor infrastructural facilities which was however overtaken by the prospects seen in the huge market

d)Â India had been following a very selective and conservative economic policy during the late 1980s

e)Â None of these

Solution:

The given sentence has a positive outlook and it has a contradicting premise.
Hence, the preceeding sentence must be conveying an opposite idea.
Option D matches the pattern and is gramatically correct.
Hence, option D is correct option.

Question 12:Â That was mainly because only two percent of the total farmers could actually comprehend the lengthy procedures to obtain the loan and be benefited from it.
Which of the following sentence would immediately precede the above sentence ?

a)Â Many moneylenders have been making the most out of this situation and providing loans to he rest of their farmers at inflated prices

b)Â There is thus an urgent needed to make the schemes and policy as simple and farmer friendly as possible

c)Â A new loan scheme started by the government a couple of months ago proved to be huge failure among the farmers

d)Â This situation can be improved by providing mediators to carry out and folllllllllllllow up of the lengthy official procedure for the farmers

e)Â None of these

Solution:

The question statement is explanation for some event. It has a negative essence.
Hence, the event is bound to be a failure.
The correct option is option C which is apt to the pattern and in sync.

Question 13:Â The foreign embassy has put forward a demand to the government that prosecution may be carried out on a foreign land and not in the country to which the terrorists belong.
Which of the following sentence would immediately follow the above sentence ?

a)Â Army arrested the terrorists responsible for kidnapping four foreign tourists after a daylong operation

b)Â The foreign ministry has offered all possible help to the government for hunting down the terrorists involved in it

c)Â Government has politely declined the request to handover the arrested terrorists for prosecution outside the country

d)Â The arrested terrorists were sentenced to life imprisonment after being prosecuted by a panel of international judges

e)Â None of these

Solution:

The statement denotes a request. The statement following this would be a response.
The statement corresponding to the option C fits to the context and will follow the question statement.

Question 14:Â This is because most of the institutes for higher learning lack the basic infrastructure trained staff and equipment necessary for the physically challenged.
Which of the following sentence would immediately precede the above sentence ?

a)Â Many physically challenged people have been performing as well as other students per form in their studies

b)Â The percent of illiterate physically challenged people in rural areas is considerably more than that in the urban areas

c)Â According to a recent survey only two out of nearly 200 universities in India have adequate number of books in Braille

d)Â Although government has been making many provisions to improve higher education in India no attention has been paid to the education of the physically challenged students

e)Â None of these

Solution:

The statement seems to be continuation of idea that there is lack of facilities for higher education for physically challenged.
Only option D presents this idea in a proper way and the question statement is continuation of this set premise.
Option D is correct option.

Instructions

In each of the following questions a statement is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something that supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Question 15:Â Statement: It is not true that the mightiest superpower always win wars and get accolades from other countries.
Assumptions:
I. Winners are sometimes admired and appreciated.
II. Winners are occasionally criticized.

a)Â Give answer (A) if only assumption I is implicit

b)Â Give answer (B) if only assumption II is implicit

c)Â Give answer (C) if either assumption I nor II is implicit

d)Â Give answer (D) if neither assumption I nor II is implicit

e)Â Give answer (E) if both assumptions I and II are implicit

Solution:

Assumptions 1 and 2 are complementary to each other. Winners are either admired or criticized – one of them is always true while the other is false. Hence, the best way to relate the assumptions is by “either”

Question 16:Â Statement: Nobody can predict as to how long our country would take to control the unfortunate and disastrous terrorist activities.
Assumptions:
I. It is impossible to put an end to terrorist activities.
II. Efforts to control the terrorist activities are on.

a)Â Give answer (A) if only assumption I is implicit

b)Â Give answer (B) if only assumption II is implicit

c)Â Give answer (C) if either assumption I nor II is implicit

d)Â Give answer (D) if neither assumption I nor II is implicit

e)Â Give answer (E) if both assumptions I and II are implicit

Solution:

Assumption 1 is false because the statement implies that the terrorist activities will end one day, though when exactly that would happen is not known.

Assumption 2 is implied as the statement makes it implicit that our country is trying to control the terrorist activities, even though it’s not been successful in completely controlling them yet.

Instructions

In making decision about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between â€˜strongâ€™ arguments and â€˜weakâ€™ arguments so far as they relate to the question. Strong arguments are those which are are of major importance and directly related to the question. Weak arguments are those which are minor importance and also be directly related to the question of may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.

After each question two Argument I and II are given. You have to decide which argument is strong and which argument is weak.

Question 17:Â Should there be only five holidays in a calendar year in all the states of India ?
Arguments:
I. Yes, we can not afford to lose so many working days as at present.
II. Yes, the USA has few holidays in a calendar year.

a)Â Give answer A if only argument I is strong

b)Â Give answer B if only argument II is strong

c)Â Give answer C if either argument I or II is strong

d)Â Give answer D if neither argument I nor II is strong

e)Â Give answer E if both argument I and II are strong

Solution:

Argument 1 says that we can not afford to lose so many working days as at present. But this is not backed by any reasoning. Thus it is incorrect.

Argument 2 says that the USA has few holidays in a calendar year but it does not mention the number of holidays at all. Thus it is also incorrect.

Hence Option D.

Question 18:Â Should India make an all out effort to secure permanent membership of UN Security Council at any cost ?
Arguments:
I. Yes, this is the only way to establish its supremacy in the region.
II. No, there are many other urgent issues which need governmentâ€™s immediate attention which will make life of citizens comfortable.

a)Â Give answer A if only argument I is strong

b)Â Give answer B if only argument II is strong

c)Â Give answer C if either argument I or II is strong

d)Â Give answer D if neither argument I nor II is strong

e)Â Give answer E if both argument I and II are strong

Solution:

Neither I nor II are important aspect or directly related to the question.
The information mentioned in II is not directly related to the argument. So, it is not strong.
Similarly, I is also a insignificant aspect of the question. So, it can also not be stated as strong.

So, D is the correct answer.

Instructions

In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Question 19:Â Statement: The state government has issued a notification to the effect that all the coaching classes must register themselves immediately giving details of fees, infrastructural facilities and bio-data of teachers.
Assumptions:
I. All those coaching classes which do not have requisite infrastructure and teachers may close down
II. All the coaching classes may hereafter charge uniform fees for all the students

a)Â Give answer A if only assumption I is implicit

b)Â Give answer B if only assumption II is implicit

c)Â Give answer C if either assumption I or II is implicit

d)Â Give answer D if neither assumption I nor II is implicit

e)Â Give answer E if both assumptions I nor II is implicit