Cause And Effect Questions For CMAT PDF

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Cause And Effect Questions For CMAT PDF

Cause And Effect Questions For CMAT PDF

Download CMAT Cause And Effect Questions and Answers PDF covering the important questions. Most expected Cause And Effect logical questions with explanations for CMAT 2021 exam.

Download Cause And Effect Questions For CMAT PDF

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Question 1: Statement: According to a survey innumerable diseases and unhealthy habits from the recent pandemic to cancer, AIDS and obesity have plagued the mankind. Which of the following may be the most plausible cause of the situation given in the above statements?

a) The lifestyle and food habits of people are responsible for this state

b) Environmental degradation has led to the present situation

c) The people remain ignorant above their health

d) Technological advancement and fast pace of life are contributing to the spread of diseases

e) None of these

Question 2: There has been a considerable drop in sales of four- wheelers during the past six months when compared to the number of four-wheelers sold during this period last year. Which of the following can the probable cause(s) of the above phenomenon?
(A) The govt. imposed higher excise duty on four- wheelers at the beginning of this year.
(B) The petrol prices have risen considerably during the past eight months.
(C) The rate of interest on home and car loans have been rising for the past seven months.

a) All (A), (B) and (C)

b) Only (A) and (C)

c) Only (B) and (C)

d) (B) Only

e) (A) Only

Question 3: The condition of the roads in the city has deteriorated considerably during the first two months of monsoon and most of the roads have developed big potholes. Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above cause?

a) The municipal corporation had repaired all the roads in the city before the onset of monsoon with good quality material.

b) A large number of people have developed spine- related injuries after regularly commuting long distances by road within the city.

c) The municipal corporation has been careful in choosing the contractors for repairing roads in the past.

d) People always complain about potholed roads during the monsoon months.

e) None of these

Question 4: It has been reported in recent years that a very large number of seats in engineering colleges in the country remain vacant at the end of the admission session. Which of the following may be the probable cause of the above effect?

a) There has-been a considerable decrease in hiring of engineering graduates due to economic slowdown in the recent years.

b) Students have always preferred to complete graduation in three years, time instead of four years for engineering.

c) The Govt. has recently decided to provide post- qualification professional training to all engineering graduates at its own cost.

d) There has always been a very poor success rate among the engineering students.

e) None of these

Question 5: Cause: The Govt. has recently increased its taxes on petrol and diesel production by about 10 percent. Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above cause ?

a) The petroleum companies will reduce the prices of petrol and diesel by about 10 percent.

b) The petroleum companies will increase the prices of petrol and diesel by about 10 percent.

c) The petroleum companies will increase the prices of petrol and diesel by about 5 percent.

d) The petrol pumps will stop selling petrol and diesel till the taxes are rolled back by the govt.

e) None of these

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Question 6: Effect: Majority of the employees of the ailing organization opted for voluntary retirement scheme and left the organization with all their retirement benefits within a fortnight of launching the scheme. Which of the following can be a probable cause of the above effect ?

a) The company has been making huge losses for the past five years and is unable to pay salary to its employees in time.

b) The management of the company made huge personal gains through unlawful activities.

c) One of the competitors of the company went bankrupt last year.

d) The company owns large tracts of land in the state which will fetch huge sum to its owners.

e) None of these

Instructions

Below in each question are given two statements (I) and (II). These statements may be either dependent causes or may be effects of independent causes. One of these statements may be effect of the other statement. Read both statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between those two statements.

Question 7: I. The Government has reduced the prices of petroleum products by five per cent a week after increasing the prices by ten per cent.
II. The rate of inflation dropped marginally during the last week.

a) Mark answer (A) if the statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.

b) Mark answer (B) if the statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is its effect.

c) Mark answer (C) if both the statements (I) and (II) are independent causes

d) Mark answer (D) if both the statements (I) and (II) are effects of independent causes.

e) Mark answer (E) if both the statements are effects of some common causes.

Question 8: I.The literacy rate in the district has been increasing for the last four years.
II. The district administration has conducted extensive training programme for the workers involved in the literacy drive.

a) Mark answer (A) if the statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.

b) Mark answer (B) if the statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is its effect.

c) Mark answer (C) if both the statements (I) and (II) are independent causes

d) Mark answer (D) if both the statements (I) and (II) are effects of independent causes.

e) Mark answer (E) if both the statements are effects of some common causes.

Question 9: I. All the schools in the area had to be kept closed for most part of the week.
II. Many parents have withdrawn their children from the local schools.

a) Mark answer (A) if the statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.

b) Mark answer (B) if the statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is its effect.

c) Mark answer (C) if both the statements (I) and (II) are independent causes

d) Mark answer (D) if both the statements (I) and (II) are effects of independent causes.

e) Mark answer (E) if both the statements are effects of some common causes.

Question 10: I. Police resorted to lathi charge to disperse the unlawful gathering of large number of people.
II. The citizens’ forum called a general strike in protest against the police atrocities.

a) Mark answer (A) if the statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.

b) Mark answer (B) if the statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is its effect.

c) Mark answer (C) if both the statements (I) and (II) are independent causes

d) Mark answer (D) if both the statements (I) and (II) are effects of independent causes.

e) Mark answer (E) if both the statements are effects of some common causes.

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Question 11: I. The Government has decided to hold a single entrance test for admission to all the medical colleges in India.
II. The state government has debarred students from other students to apply for the seats in the medical colleges in the state.

a) Mark answer (A) if the statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.

b) Mark answer (B) if the statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is its effect.

c) Mark answer (C) if both the statements (I) and (II) are independent causes

d) Mark answer (D) if both the statements (I) and (II) are effects of independent causes.

e) Mark answer (E) if both the statements are effects of some common causes.

Instructions

Given below are pairs of events A and B. You have to read both the events A and B and decide their nature of relationship. You have to assume that the information given in A and B are true and you will not assume anything beyond the information in deciding the answer.

Question 12: Event (A): We can get anything with money
Event (B): Today money is the most important.

a) Give answer (A) if ‘A’ is the effect and ‘B’ is its immediate and principal cause

b) Give answer (B) if ‘A’ is the immediate and principal cause and ‘B’ is its effect

c) Give answer (C)if ‘A’ is an effect but ‘B’ is not its immediate and principal cause

d) Give answer (E) if ‘B’ is an effect but ‘A’ is not its immediate and principal cause

e) None of these

Question 13: Event (A): Due to mechanisation the life of human beings is becoming more comfortable in urban areas.
Event (B) : Life is becoming insecure in urban areas.

a) Give answer (A) if ‘A’ is the effect and ‘B’ is its immediate and principal cause

b) Give answer (B) if ‘A’ is the immediate and principal cause and ‘B’ is its effect

c) Give answer (C)if ‘A’ is an effect but ‘B’ is not its immediate and principal cause

d) Give answer (E) if ‘B’ is an effect but ‘A’ is not its immediate and principal cause

e) None of these

Question 14: Event (A): The Government has decided recently to provide additional dearness allowance to its employees.
Event (B): Consumer Price Index is increasing for last five months

a) Give answer (A) if ‘A’ is the effect and ‘B’ is its immediate and principal cause

b) Give answer (B) if ‘A’ is the immediate and principal cause and ‘B’ is its effect

c) Give answer (C)if ‘A’ is an effect but ‘B’ is not its immediate and principal cause

d) Give answer (E) if ‘B’ is an effect but ‘A’ is not its immediate and principal cause

e) None of these

Question 15: Event (A): The children of younger generation do better in their study.
Event (B): The parents of children now realise the importance of education very well.

a) Give answer (A) if ‘A’ is the effect and ‘B’ is its immediate and principal cause

b) Give answer (B) if ‘A’ is the immediate and principal cause and ‘B’ is its effect

c) Give answer (C)if ‘A’ is an effect but ‘B’ is not its immediate and principal cause

d) Give answer (E) if ‘B’ is an effect but ‘A’ is not its immediate and principal cause

e) None of these

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Question 16: Event (A): There is considerable increase in the number of people having computers.
Event (B): Computer education is being made compulsory in schools.

a) Give answer (A) if ‘A’ is the effect and ‘B’ is its immediate and principal cause

b) Give answer (B) if ‘A’ is the immediate and principal cause and ‘B’ is its effect

c) Give answer (C)if ‘A’ is an effect but ‘B’ is not its immediate and principal cause

d) Give answer (E) if ‘B’ is an effect but ‘A’ is not its immediate and principal cause

e) None of these

Instructions

Below in each questions are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes. One of these statements may be the effect of other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choices correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.

Question 17: I. The farmers have decided against selling their Kharif crops to the Government agencies.
II. The Government had reduced the procurement price of Kharif crops starting from last month to the next six months.

a) Mark answer (A) if statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.

b) Mark answer (B) if statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is effect

c) Mark answer (C) if both the statements (I) and (II) are independent causes

d) Mark answer (D) if both statements (I) and (II) are effects of independent causes

e) Mark answer (E) if both statements are effects of some common cause

Question 18: I. The Reserve Bank of India has recently put restrictions on few small banks in the country.
II. The small banks in the private and co-operative sector in India are not in a position to withstand the competition of the bigger in the public sector.

a) Mark answer (A) if statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.

b) Mark answer (B) if statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is effect

c) Mark answer (C) if both the statements (I) and (II) are independent causes

d) Mark answer (D) if both statements (I) and (II) are effects of independent causes

e) Mark answer (E) if both statements are effects of some common cause

Question 19: I. The performance of India sportspersons in the recently held Olympics could not reach the level of expectation the country had on them.
II. The performance of Indian sportsperson in the last Asian games was far better then any previous games.

a) Mark answer (A) if statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.

b) Mark answer (B) if statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is effect

c) Mark answer (C) if both the statements (I) and (II) are independent causes

d) Mark answer (D) if both statements (I) and (II) are effects of independent causes

e) Mark answer (E) if both statements are effects of some common cause

Question 20: I. A Large number of people living in the low-lying areas have been evacuated during the last few days to safer places.
II. The Government has rushed in relief supplies to the people living in the affected areas.

a) Mark answer (A) if statement (I) is the cause and statement (II) is its effect.

b) Mark answer (B) if statement (II) is the cause and statement (I) is effect

c) Mark answer (C) if both the statements (I) and (II) are independent causes

d) Mark answer (D) if both statements (I) and (II) are effects of independent causes

e) Mark answer (E) if both statements are effects of some common cause

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Answers & Solutions:

1) Answer (A)

As it is given in the paragraph that unhealthy habits pandemic to cancer hence, option A is more appropriate as it describes about the lifestyle and food habits

2) Answer (C)

Only B and C ie. “(B) The petrol prices have risen considerably during the past eight months.
(C) The rate of interest on home and car loans have been rising for the past seven months.” are the correct options.

Excise duty doesn’t affect sales as it is paid by businesses and not the customers.

3) Answer (B)

Formation of potholes on the road can cause spine related injuries to commuters as an effect.

4) Answer (A)

Decrease in hiring in the recent years gives rise to decreased interest in Engineering admissions. Hence option A is correct.

5) Answer (B)

To offset their losses, petroleum companies would increase the price of petrol by about 10%.

6) Answer (A)

Option A points to the company being unprofitable and unable to pay the salaries. This can be a probable cause for the company offering voluntary retirement and the employees readily accepting the offer.

7) Answer (E)

8) Answer (B)

9) Answer (E)

10) Answer (A)

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11) Answer (E)

12) Answer (A)

13) Answer (B)

14) Answer (A)

15) Answer (C)

16) Answer (A)

17) Answer (A)

18) Answer (A)

19) Answer (A)

20) Answer (A)

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