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Budget 2018,  Economic Survey 2017-18 and other Important  Facts and Figures in 2018 Current Affairs:

Budget and Economic Survey are crucial documents every aspirant of RBI Grade B, NABARD Grade A and UPSC have to study, a considerable number of questions come from these two documents alone. Most of the questions from these documents are factual in nature and one must remember the maximum facts and data mentioned in these documents to excel in the exams, this document is a sincere attempt to demystify both these documents along with other important factual topics like GDP estimates by various organizations in 2018, Ranking and Index; Important Loan Agreements between India and various organizations in 2018 etc…to help the reader in remembering the facts and data in a smart way.

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BUDGET 2018 – Facts and Figures at a Glance

Revised Estimates of Budget Expenditure in 2017-18 Rs 21.57 Lakh Crore
Growth in Outward Direct Investment from India USD 15 Billion per year
Total amount to be spent by Ministries for creation of livelihood and infrastructure in rural areas in 2018-19 Rs 14.34 Lakh Crore
Target of Institutional Credit to Agricultural Sector for 2018-19 Rs 11 Lakh Crore
Institutional Credit to Agricultural Sector achieved in 2017-18 Rs 10 Lakh Crore
Budgetary allocation for Infrastructure sector in 2018-19 Rs 5.97 Lakh Crore
Bharatmala Pariyojana approved for completing 35000 Kms in Phase-1 to improve road connectivity in interior, backward areas and border areas of the country Outlay
Rs 5.35 Lakh Crore
MUDRA Yojana 2015 statistics as per 2018-19 budget
76% accounts – Women
> 50% accounts – SC, ST and OBCs
Rs 4.6 lakh crore from 10.38 crore loans
Target for 2018-19 for lending under MUDRA Yojana Rs 3 Lakh Crore
Under Smart Cities Mission 100 Cities have been selected Outlay
Rs 2.04 Lakh Crore
Railway Capital Expenditure for 2018-19 Rs 1,48,528 Crore
Budgetary Expenditure on health, education and social protection in 2018-19 Rs 1.38 Lakh Crore
Revitalizing Infrastructure and Systems in Education by 2022 scheme for research related infrastructure investments in premiere educational institution Outlay
Rs 1 Lakh Crore over next 4 years
Dis-investment target for 2018-19 Rs 80,000 Crore
Projected Loans to Self Help Groups by March 2019 Rs 75,000 Crore
Total Loans to Self Help Groups in 2016-17 Rs 42,500 Crore
187 projects have been sanctioned under Namami Gange Programme Outlay
Rs 16,713 Crore
Through Saubagya Scheme 4 crore households have been provided with electricity connection. Outlay
Rs 16,000 Crore
Establishment of Funds for
Fisheries – Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund
Animal Husbandry – Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund
Total Corpus
Rs 10,000 Crore
Budgetary allocation for creation and augmentation of telecom infrastructure Rs 10,000 Crore
Allocation of National Social Assistance Programme Rs 9975 Crore
Outlay for Textile Sector Rs 7148 Crore
Total outlay for National Rural Livelihood Mission in 2018-19 Rs 5750 Crore
Budgetary allocation of digital India programme Rs 3073 Crore
96 deprived irrigation districts taken up under PM Krishi Sichai Yojana – Har Khet Ko Pani Outlay
Rs 2600 Crore
Agri – Market Infrastructure Fund for development of infrastructure of 22000 rural Haats and 585 APMCs Outlay
Rs 2,000 Crore
Allocation for Ministry of Food Processing Industries in 18-19 Rs 1400 Crore
Bamboo termed as “Green Gold”, restructured bamboo mission announced Outlay
Rs 1290 Crore
Allocation for National Health Policy 2017 to build 1.5 Lakh health and wellness centers across the country 1200 Crore
Amount allocated to support nutritional support to TB patients @ Rs 500 per month Rs 600 Crore
“Operation Greens” – to address challenge of price volatility of perishable commodities like Tomatoes, Onion and Potatoes Outlay
Rs 500 Crore
Organized cultivation of highly specialized medicinal and aromatic plants by FPOs and VPOs in large clusters of 1000 hectares will be encouraged Outlay
Rs 200 Crore
100% exemption from tax for companies registered as Farmer Producer Companies for a period of five years from 2018-19 with an annual turnover Rs 100 Crore
Investment Limit under Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana enhanced Rs 15 Lakhs
National Health Protection Scheme – AYUSHMAN Bharat to cover approximately 50 crore poor and vulnerable beneficiaries Rs 5 Lakh per family per year for secondary and tertiary hospitalization
Exemption of Interest Income on deposits held with banks and post offices held by Senior Citizens Up to Rs 50,000
(existing Rs 10,000)
Deduction limit for health insurance or medical expenditure for senior citizens Rs 50,000
Standard deductions enhanced for Salaried Class Rs 40,000
Payments exceeding what amount in cash by Trusts and Institutions is subject to tax Rs 10,000
Total employment created by expenditure of ministries for creation of livelihood and infrastructure in rural areas in
18-19
321 Crore Person Days.
3.17 Lakh Kms of Rural Roads.
51 Lakh new rural houses.
1.88 Crore toilets.
1.75 crore new household electric connections.
Total tax payers at the beginning of the FY 2016-17 8.27 Crore
Food Grain Production 275 Million Tonnes
Fruits and Vegetables Production 300 Million Tonnes
Revised target for free LPG connections distribution under Ujjwala Scheme 8 Crore
(earlier 5 Crore)
Proposal for providing Wifi hotspots in rural connectivity to 5 crore people in rural areas 5 Lakh Wifi hotspots
Development and Upgradation of existing rural Haats into Gramin Agricultural Markets to assist more than 86% of small and marginal farmers Development of 22000 Haats
Ganga Gram Villages on bank of river ganga declared open defecation free 4465
Total length of track renewal targeted during 2018-19 3600 Kms
Prime Minister Research Fellow Scheme 2018, Btech Students will be identified each year from premiere institutions and help them to pursue PHDs from IITs with Handsome fellowships 1000 Btech students
Redevelopment of major Railway Stations 600
Number of APMCs connected to e-NAM market, remaining by what deadline 470 APMCs
remaining by March 2018
Aspirational Districts selected by government of India for converting them into model districts by improving them on various indices 115 Aspirational Districts selected
Archaeological Survey of India will be developing monuments to enhance visitor experience 100 Adarsh Monuments
Total Mega Food Parks in the Country 42
Number of prominent tourist destinations to be developed into iconic destinations for boosting tourism 10 destinations
Key recommendation of FRBM Act accepted by GOI to bring down GOI debt to GDP ratio to 40%
Reduced Corporate tax rate for companies with an annual turnover of Rs 50 Crore in FY 2015-16 and to companies with an annual turnover up to Rs 250 Crore in 2016-17 25%
Growth of Direct Taxes in 2017-2018 till January 2018 18.7%
Growth of Direct Taxes in 2016-2017 12.6%
Percentage contribution from government of India towards wages of all new employees in EPF for all sectors for next three years 12%
Proposal of Long Term Capital Gains on investments exceeding 1 Lakh Tax rate @ 10%
Social Welfare Surcharge of the aggregate duties of customs on imported goods to provide additional assistance to social welfare schemes of the GOI 10%
Proposal for Amendments to EPFO act to reduce women workforce EPFO contribution for first three years 8%
“Health and Education Cess” on personal income tax, to take care of education and health care needs of people in BPL. Estimated increase in collection of Rs 11,000 Crore 4%
(existing 3%)
Fiscal deficit for 2018-19 3.3% of GDP
Investment Period extended under Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana March 2020
Special Scheme to supports states in combating air pollution by subsidizing machinery for in-situ management of crop residue New Delhi
Uttar Pradesh
Punjab
Haryana
Facility extended to fisheries and animal husbandry farmers to help them meet their working capital needs Kisan Credit Card
School similar to Navodaya Vidyalayas for imparting better education to tribal children in their own environment by 2022 Eklavya Model Residential School
Proposal to expand the airport capacity handling to 1 billion trips per year under the scheme NABH Nirman
Public Sector Insurance Companies to be merged into a single entity United India Insurance Co
National Insurance Co
Oriental Insurance Co
Education Cess and Secondary and Higher Education Cess abolished Import Goods
Change of Name of CBEC – Central Board of Excise and Customs Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs
Bamboo grown outside forest areas eliminated from definition of Trees
Fund under National Housing Bank funded from priority sector lending shortfall and full serviced bonds authorized by GOI Affordable Housing Fund
Modern train sets with state of art amenities and features to be commissioned in 2018-19 Integrated Coach Factory, Perambur
Indigenous 5G test bed established IIT Chennai

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Economic Survey 2017-18 Highlights

Indian Economic  Survey is published by Ministry of Finance
Global Economy is expected to accelerate at what rate in 2018 3.7%
Indian Economy growth forecast by Economic Survey for FY 2019 7-7.5%
Loans available under Kisan Credit Card for Small and Marginal Farmers at Interest rate subvention of 2% for a period up to 6 months
Agricultural growth rate estimation for 2017-18 2.1%
What is the averaged Real Agriculture growth since 1960 2.8%
Averaged retail inflation in 2017-18 3.3%
Consumer Price Index based headline inflation averaged 3.3%
(lowest in 6 years)
Insurance Sector Penetration in India as in 2016 3.49%
India’s World Trade is projected at what percentage in 2018 4%
Industrial Growth rate in 2017-18 is estimated at 4.4%
GVA growth rate for agricultural and allied sector for 17-18 4.9%
GVA growth rate at basic prices in 2017-18 is expected at 6.1%
For every 1 degree rise in temperature Fall in Income
Kharif : 6.2%
Rabi   : 6.0%
Compounded annual growth rate of Indian Logistics Industry 7.8%
Service Sector estimated growth rate in 2017-18 8.3%
Gross NPA ratio of Scheduled Commercial Banks as in September 2017 10.2%
Gender Disparity in Agricultural land Holding by Women 12.8%
Rebate of State Levies (ROSL) has increased export of readymade garments (man-made fibers) by 16%
Agriculture contribution to GDP as per ES 2017-18 16%
Climate Change could reduce average annual agricultural income by 15% to 18%
Climate Change could reduce annual agricultural income in un-irrigated areas by 20% to 25%
Percentage of Agriculture Workers in total workforce by 2050 25.7%
Ratio of Domestic Savings to GDP in 2016 26%
Ratio of Gross Fixed Capital Formation to GDP 26.4%
Minimum budgetary allocation set by government of India for women beneficiaries across all schemes and developmental activities 30%
Top 1% firms of India account for what percentage of total exports, which is less compared to many countries 38%
Employment in Agriculture 49%
Percentage of Indian Population to be urbanized by 2050
(as per World Bank)
50%
GST has increased the number of Unique tax payers by what percentage 50%
Percentage of the net sown area under un-irrigated or rain fed 52%
Internal Trade constituted what percentage of the GDP 60%
Sanitation coverage in rural areas has increased from 39% in 2014 to what percentage in 2017 76%
Percentage of the firms which are purely informal in the country 87%
Balance Sheet Size of the NBFC sector as in September 2017 20.7 Lakh Crore
Total Interest Rate Subvention approved in 2017-18 Rs 20,339 Crore
Minimum Support Price of Onion till december 2017, export of which was allowed only on letter of credit USD 850 per MT
As per report Financial and Economic Impact of SBM in India it was estimated by the UNICEF that an Open Defecation Free village in rural area saves how much amount per year Rs 50,000
 

Net Cropland Area of India

179.8 Million Hectares
(9.6% of global NCA)
Production of Kharif Food Grains (expected) 134.7 million tonnes
Estimated Rice Production as per ES 2017-18 110.2 million MT
Area sown under rabi crop during 2017-18 61.78 million hectares in January 2018
Number of Unique GST registrants as in December 2017 9.8 Million
Land brought under micro irrigation in 2017-18 (approximately) 8,40,000 hectares
As per ES 2017-18 all India installed capacity of power generation 3.3 Lakh MW
(approx)
Employment generation in 2017-18 under MGNREGA act 4.6 Crore households – 177.8 crore person days as in January 2018
54% – women
22% – SC17% – ST
Life expectancy increased by how many years between 1990- 2015 10 Years
Rank of India in terms of patent filing in the world 7th largest
Indian Tractor Industries have emerged as the largest in the world which account for how much of world’s total tractor production 1/3rd
National Women Farmers’ day October – 15th
As per economic survey which are considered crucial in improving the climate for economic growth Private Investments and Exports
Three Areas of Focus in the medium term, as per economic survey 2017-18 Employment
Education
Agriculture
Eight Core Infrastructure Supportive Industries which have total weight of 40% in IIP Coal, Crude Oil, Natural Gas, Refinery Products, Fertilizers, Steel, Cement and Electricity
Digitalization of High Courts in the country National Judicial Data Grid
Increased rural to urban migration by men Feminization of Agriculture
States which constitute 70% of the total Indian exports Telangana
Tamilnadu
Karnataka
Maharashtra
Gujarat
Increase in Crop Diversification is observed in Himachal Pradesh and Jharkhand
Country with high FDI in India in 2017-18 Mauritius
 

The 4Rs to resolve Twin Balance Sheet Problem

Recognition
Resolution
Recapitalization
Reform
NHB RESIDEX for 50 cities released every quarter launched in 2007 is published by National Housing Bank
 

7 sustainable goals focused by VNR report published by India in July 2017
VNR – Voluntary National Reviews

 1 – No Poverty
2- Zero Hunger
3- Good Health and Well Being
5 – Gender Equality
9 – Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
14 – Life Below Water
17 – Partnership for the Goals
 

 

Small Savings Schemes amalgamated for better control and implementation of the schemes

Post Office Savings Scheme
Social Security Schemes
Savings Certificates
State with the largest share in exports of goods and services Maharashtra
Chairman of 15th Finance Commission N K Singh
Economic Survey 2017-18 is compiled by Arvind Subramanian
 

Color of the Economic Survey

Pink
to lay special emphasis on gender and son meta preference

 

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Ranking and Index in 2018

Name of the Report Publishing Organization Rank of India Rank – 01
VERY IMPORTANT RANKING AND INDEX
Global Phosphorous Pollution Index Water Resources Research 2nd China
Global Firepower List 2017 Global Firepower 4th / 133 USA
Most Attractive Market for Investments Pricewaterhouse Coopers (PwC) 5th USA
Largest Economy in the World World Economic Outlook
IMF
6th USA
 

 

Commonwealth Innovation Index

Commonwealth heads of government meeting and World Intellectual Property Rights Organization 10th / 53 United Kingdom
New Born Mortality Rate UNICEF 12th in 52 lower middle income countries Japan – Safest Country
Global Wealthiest City New World Wealth Mumbai – 12th New York
Global Manufacturing Index 2018 World Economic Forum 30th / 100 Japan
 

 

Global Startup Ecosystem 2017

Startup Blink 37th / 125
Bengaluru, Mumbai and New Delhi featured in the list
USA
Global Democracy Index 2017 Economic Intelligence Unit 42nd / 167 Norway
Global Intellectual Property Index 2018 US Chambers of Commerce 44th / 50 USA
Inclusive Internet Index 2018 Economic Intelligence Unit Commissioned by Facebook 47th / 86 Sweden
MasterCard Women Entrepreneurs Index MasterCard 52nd New Zealand
 

Inclusive Development Index

World Economic Forum 62nd / 74
Developing Countries Category
Developing Economies
Lithuania
Developed Economies
Norway
 

Global Multidimensional Poverty Index

Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative 66th Andhra Pradesh at 51st Position
 

Speed test Global Index 2018

 

Ookla

Fixed Broadband
67th
Mobile Internet
109th
Fixed Broadband
Singapore
Mobile Internet
Norway
World Economic Forum Energy Transition Index World Economic Forum 78th / 114 Sweden
Global Corruption Perception Index 2017 Transparency International 81st / 180 New Zealand
Global Talent Competitiveness Index 2018 World Economic Forum 81st / 119 Switzerland
Economic Freedom Index 2018 Heritage Foundation
American based Think Tank
130th / 180 Hong Kong
World Happiness Report 2018 UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network 133rd / 156 Finland
World Press Freedom Index – 2018 Reporters without Borders 138th / 180 Norway
Environment Performance Index 2018 World Economic Forum 177th / 180 Switzerland

 

OTHER IMPORTANT RANKING AND INDEX

India’s Best Gram Panchayat Government of India Digambarpur
Gram Panchayat,WB
National Institutional Ranking Framework HRD Ministry IISc Bangalore
Best Overall Institution
IIT Madras
Best Engineering CollegeIIM Ahmedabad
Best Management Institution
AIIMS Delhi
Best Medical College
Healthy States Progressive India Report NITI Aayig Best Performer Large States
Kerala, Tamilnadu, Punjab
Best Performer Small States
Mizoram
Forest and Tree Cover in India India State of Forest Report 2017 10th in the world
Top Environment Think Tank of India Think Tank and Civil Societies Program CSE – Centre for Science and Environment
Top Ranked Facebook pages of Government Bodies, Ministries and Political Parties in India Facebook Uttar Pradesh CM Yogi Adityanath FB page most popular among CMs of India PM Narendra Modi is most popular
Lok Sabha Memberand
Sachin Tendulkar most popular
Rajya Sabha Member
Fastest Growing Nation for Air Passenger Traffic by 2022 Airports Council International 2nd
(7.5%)
Vietnam
(8.5%)
World’s Busiest Airport Airport Council International New Delhi
16th
Hartsfield Jackson Atlanta Airport USA
World’s Best Airport Skytrax, USA Mumbai – 63rd Changi Airport, Singapore
World’s busiest International Airport Dubai International Airport
Quality of Living Index Mercer Hyderabad, India Vienna, Austria
Most Trusted Brand of India TRA Brands Trust Report 2018 Google
Fastest Growing IT Services Brand in the World in 2018 Brand Finance TCS
Top 100 Global Technology Leaders Thomson Reuters Corp Microsoft
Most Valuable Company in India in terms of Market Capitalization BSE Data Tata Consultancy Services
Most Valuable BANK in India in terms of Market Capitalization BSE Data HDFC Bank
Most Attractive Employer Brand in India Ranstad India Microsoft India
Most Expensive City in the World Knight Frank Wealth Report 2018 Mumbai – 16th Monaco
Worldwide Cost of Living 2018 Economic Intelligence Unit Bengaluru – 129 Singapore City
 

 

World’s Greatest Leaders 2018

Fortune Magazine 20th – Indira Jaising
24th – Mukesh Ambani
43rd – Balkrishna Doshi
Theo Epstein
Hurun Global Rich List Hurun Ltd 3rd China
(819 Billionaires)
Hurun Global Rich List Hurun Ltd 19th – Mukesh Ambani Jeff Bezos
Most Vulnerable Country in terms of risk of cyber threats in 2017 Internet Security Threat Report
Symantec
3rd USA
List of Countries facing Web Borne Threats Kaspersky Labs 33rd
City with best 4G availability Open Signal Patna
Global Largest Auto Market 4th China
ICC – Test Rankings ICC Virat Kohli – 2nd Steve Smith (Australia)
FIFA Rankings 2018 FIFA Germany
BWF World Ranking Badminton BWF Kidambi Srikanth – 3rd Viktor Axelsen

 

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Important Loan Agreements and MoUs

Signed by Signed with Loan Amount Purpose
World Bank Government of India USD 48 Million Community led landscape management in Meghalaya
World Bank
IBRD
Government of India USD 420 Million Benefit of Small and Marginal Farmers in Marathwada and Vidarbha Dist of Maharashtra
World Bank Paid up capital increased to
USD 13 Billion
IBRD – USD 7.5 Billion
IFC – USD 3.5 Billion
World Bank Government of India USD 210 Million Rural Road connectivity in Madhya Pradesh
World Bank Government of India USD 120 Million Uttarakhand Water Supply for Peri- Urban Areas
World Bank Government of India USD 125 Million Innovate in India for Inclusiveness Project
World Bank Government of India USD 125 Million (total 250 Million) National Biopharma Mission
World Bank Jal Marg Vikas Project USD 375 Million enhancing navigation on National Waterway – 1 from Varanasi to Haldia
World Bank Nepal USD 300 Million Nepal Earthquake reconstruction
International Finance Corporation PNB Housing Finance Limited USD 800 Million Green Affordable Housing in India
International Finance Corporation Mahindra Renewables Pvt Ltd
Acme Group
Actis LLP
USD 440 Million Rewa Solar Park Development
Asian Development Bank Government of India USD 250 Million Construction of all-weather roads in WB, MP, Assam, Odisha, Chhattisgarh
Asian Development Bank Government of India USD 80 Million Boost employability of youth in Himachal Pradesh
Asian Development Bank Government of India USD 120 Million Improve Railway Infrastructure in the Country
NABARD Long term on-lending portfolio Rs 80,000 Crore Improve Rural Economy
NABARD Odisha Rs 372.51 Irrigation and Rural Bridge Projects
AIIB Government of India USD 140 Million Rural Road Connectivity in Madhya Pradesh
AIIB Government of India India top borrower of AIIB @ USD 1.5 Billion in 2017 AIIB
European Investment Bank Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency EURO 150 Million Second Line of Credit to finance Renewable Energy Projects in India
EXIM Bank of India 15-Nation group in Africa USD 500 Million To fund various development projects in Africa
State Bank of India Nepal Rs 80 Billion 900 MW Arun III Hydroelectric Project
Japan International Cooperation Agency Government of India Yen 45 Billion Bangalore Water Supply and Sewage Project
Government of Srilanka Government of India USD 45.27 Million Develop KKS Harbor in Srilanka

GDP Estimates by Various Organization for 2018-19

Organization 2018-19 2019-20
International Monetary Fund
(World Economic Outlook)
7.4% 7.8%
World Bank 7.3% 7.5%
United Nations 7.2% 7.4%
 

Reserve Bank of India

Real GDP 2017-18
6.6%
7.4%
(Governor Urjit Patel estimated in a recent report)
Economic Survey 2017-18 6.5% – 6.75% 7% – 7.5%
Asia Development Bank 7.3% 7.6%
Confederation of Indian Industry 7.3% – 7.7%
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) 7.2%
HSBC 7% 7.6%
DBS Bank 6.6%
CRISIL 7.5%
National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER), Indian Economy Think Tank 7.5%
NOMURA 7.5%
FICCI 7.4%
Deutsche Bank 7.5%
IMF World Growth Estimate 3.6% 3.9%
Morgan Stanley 7.5% 7.7%
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