Economic and Social Issues – Sustainable Development Questions and Answers for RBI Grade B, UPSC & NABARD Grade-A
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Question 01: Brundtland Commission which is formed in 1983 to bring countries on a single platform to pursue sustainable development goals is also called by the name?
Answer: World Commission on Environment and Development
Question 02: Brundtland Commission ceased to exist from 1987 with the introduction of which report?
Answer: Brundtland Report
Question 03: Brundtland Report is also known by which other name?
Answer: Our Common Future
Question 04: World Leaders have designed 17 sustainable development goals at which summits, aimed to reduce poverty, tackle climate change and fight inequality and justice by 2030?
Answer: UN Sustainable Development Summit , September 2015
Question 05: The Idea of sustainable development goals was first developed at which summit?
Answer: UN Conference on Sustainable Development, Rio in 2012, Earth Summit – 2012
Question 06: Sustainable Development Goals have replaced which development goals formulated in 2000 to fight hunger and poverty with a 15 year agenda?
Answer: Millennium Development Goals
Question 07: How many targets are set to be achieved under 17 sustainable development goals to be achieved over the next 15 years?
Answer: 169 Targets
Question 08: 17 Sustainable Development Goals which were framed at the UN Sustainable Development Summit 2015 have come into force from which date?
Answer: 01 January 2016
Question 09: The 17 Sustainable Development Goals replaced Millennium Development Goals formed in 2000, how many Millennium Development goals were framed in 2000?
Answer: Eight Millennium Development Goals
Question 10: What are the three pillars of sustainable development?
Answer: Environment, Society and Economy
Question 11: Kyoto Protocol which bestowed commitments among the countries to by setting internationally binding emission reduction targets is adopted in which year?
Answer: Kyoto, Japan – 11 December 1997
Question 12: When did the Kyoto Protocol 1997 came into force?
Answer: 16th February 2005
Question 13: The detailed rules for the implementation of Kyoto Protocol were adopted at Conference of Parties (COP) – 7 meeting, what was the name of the implementation of protocol?
Answer: Marrakesh Accords
Question 14: As per the Kyoto Protocol – Common but Differentiated Responsibilities is applicable to which category of countries?
Answer: Developed Countries