List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India | Tricks to Remember | Download [PDF]

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UNESCO world heritage sites of india
UNESCO world heritage sites of india

List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India & Tricks to Remember

List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India PDF gives the list of World Heritages sites in India recognized by UNESCO. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has approved 36 Sites in India. 28 of them are Cultural Heritages sites and 7 are Natural Heritages sites. One site (Khangchendzonga National Park) comes under mixed Heritage UNESCO site in India.

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TRICKS TO REMEMBER UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES OF INDIA

  1. UNESCO is an acronym of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that was outlined in a constitution signed November 16, 1945.
  2. There are 37 UNESCO world heritage sites in India. Out of which, 30 are cultural and 7 are natural sites.

State wise UNESCO world heritage sites list is given below with tricks

1.UTTAR PRADESH:

The UNESCO world heritage sites in U.P are 

  1. Taj Mahal
  2. Fatepur Sikri
  3. Agra Fort

TRICK: Taj Mahal and Fatehpur sikri are in U.P’s Agra.

In this sentence we can know that Taj mahal, Fatehpur sikri and Agra fort are in U.P.

2.MADHYA PRADESH:

    The UNESCO world heritage sites in M.P are 

  1. Rock Shelter of Bhimbetka
  2. Khajuraho Group of monuments
  3. Sanchi stupa 

TRICK: M.P wali Sanchi ne Rockstar Bhim ko kaju Khilaya

Here the sentence tells us that we are talking about M.P.

               SANCHI——- sanchi stupa

               Rockstar Bhim——- Rock Shelter of Bhimbetka

               Kaju————— Khajuraho group of monuments

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3.MAHARASHTRA:

     The UNESCO world heritage sites in Maharashtra are

  1. Chatrapati shivaji railway terminus
  2. Ajanta Caves
  3. Ellora Caves
  4. Elephanta Caves
  5. Victoria gothic and art deco ensembles of mumbai

TRICK:Maharaj Shivaji used to come on Elephant to Ajanta and Ellora caves of Victoria”

  1. Maha—–  Maharashtra
  2. Shivaji—– Chatrapati shivaji railway Terminus
  3. Elephant—–Elephanta caves
  4. Ajanta——-Ajanta caves
  5. Ellora——Ellora caves
  6. Victoria——Victoria gothic and art deco ensembles of Mumbai

4.GUJARAT:

     The UNESCO world heritage sites in GUJARAT are:

  1. Rani-ki-vav
  2. Champaner-pavagadh archeological park
  3. Ahmedabad city

TRICK:: Rani and Champa lives in Ahmedabad city of Gujarat.

  1. Rani——- Rani-ki-vav
  2. Champa—— Chamapaner-pavagadh archeological park
  3. Ahmedabad city—– Historic city of Ahmedabad
  4. Gujarat—— Tells us that these places are in Gujarat

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5.GOA:

     The UNESCO world heritage site in GOA is:

  1. Churches and convents of GOA

TRICK:: Churches of Goa are amazing

  1. Churches——- Churches and convents
  2. Goa——— tells us that this place is located in goa

6.BIHAR:

     The UNESCO world heritage sites in BIHAR are

  1. Nalanda
  2. Mahabodhi Temple Complex

TRICK:: Maha raj Bodhi went to Nalanda in Bihar

  1. Maha,bodhi—– Mahabodhi temple
  2. Nalanda ——– Nalanda
  3. Bihar—– tells us that these sites are in bihar

7.RAJASTHAN:

     The UNESCO world heritage sites in RAJASTHAN are:

  1. Jantar Mantar
  2. Hills forts of Rajasthan
  3. Keoladeo National Park

TRICK:: Rajasthan ke Jantar hills me kela bahut milte hai

  1. Rajasthan—– Tells us that these sites are in Rajasthan
  2. Jantar———- Jantar Mantar
  3. Hills———— Hill forts of Rajasthan
  4. Kela ——– Keoladeo national park

8.CHANDIGARH:

   The UNESCO world heritage site in CHANDIGARH is:

  1. CAPITOL COMPLEX( Architectural work of Le Corbusier)

9.ODISHA:

     The UNESCO world heritage site in ODISHA is:

  1. Sun temple, Konark

TRICK:: ODISHA ke son kon hai?

  1. Odisha—— tells us that this site is in Odisha
  2. Son,kon—– sun temple located in konark

10.KARNATAKA:

     The UNESCO world heritage sites in KARNATAKA are: 

  1. Group of monuments at Pattadakal
  2. Group of monuments at  Hampi

TRICK:: Humpty dumpty sat inside a Pucca house in Karnataka.

  1. Humpty—— Hampi
  2. Pucca——–Pattadakal
  3. Karnataka——tells us that this site is in Karnataka.

11.TAMILNADU:

     The UNESCO world heritage sites in TAMILNADU are:

  1. Mahabalipuram
  2. Great living chola temple

TRICK: Great chola went to mahabalipuram in Tamilnadu.

  1. Great Chola———– Great living chola temple
  2. Mahabalipuram—— Mahabalipuram
  3. Tamilnadu———tells us that this site is in Tamilnadu

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12.WESTBENGAL:

     The UNESCO world heritage site in west bengal is:

  1. Sundarban National park

TRICK: Sundar lives in west bengal.

   1)Sundar—– Sunderban

13.UTTARAKHAND:

     The UNESCO world heritage site in Uttarakhand is:

  1. Nandadevi and valley of flowers national park

TRICK: Nandu got flowers from Uttarakhand

  1. Nandu—— Nanda Devi National park
  2. Flowers—– Valley of flowers National park.
  3. Uttarakhand—- Tells that these sites are in uttarakhand

14.HIMACHAL PRADESH:

     The UNESCO world heritage site in Himachal Pradesh is:

  1. Great Himalayan National Park.

15.SIKKIM:

     The UNESCO world heritage site in SIKKIM is:

  1. Kanchendzonga national park

TRICK:: Kanchan is the head of zoo park in sikkim

  1. Kanchan—– Kanchendzonga national park

16.ASSAM:

     The UNESCO world heritage sites in ASSAM are:

  1. Manas National park
  2. Kaziranga National park

TRICK: Manas dubbed kajrare song into assamese language

  1. Manas—- Manas National park
  2. Kajrare—–Kaziranga National park

17.DELHI:

The UNESCO world heritage sites in DELHI are:

  1. Qutub Minar
  2. Red fort
  3. Humayun Tomb.

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List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India:

# Name of UNESCO World Heritage Location Description
1. Kaziranga National Park Golaghat & Nagaon Districts in Assam The sanctuary hosts two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses and UNESCO recognized it as a World Heritage Site in 1985 for its unique natural environment.
2. Manas National Park Jyoti Gaon, Assam Also known as Manas Wildlife Sanctuary. It is a Project Tiger reserve, Elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve. UNESCO recognized it as a World Heritage Site in 1985 for its unique natural environment.
3. Mahabodhi Temple Complex Bodh Gaya, Bihar Mahabodhi Temple Complex was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List (2002) as a unique property of cultural and archaeological importance. The first temple was built by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BC. It is the place where Siddhartha Gautama Buddha was enlightened in 531 BC at age 35.
4. Humayun’s Tomb Delhi It was built in 1570 and was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Monument in 1993 for its cultural importance and its Mughal architectural style has been acclaimed as the “necropolis of the Mughal dynasty”.
5. Qutb Minar and its Monuments Delhi It was built in the beginning of the 13th century, the complex of structures comprises itineraries, the Alai Darwaza Gate (1311), the Alai Minar, the Qubbat-ul-Islam Mosque, the tomb of Iltumish, and an Iron Pillar. It was inscribed under the UNESCO World Heritage List (1993) for its unique representation of the Islamic architectural and artistic excellence.
6. Red Fort Complex Delhi Red Fort Complex, also known as Lal Qila is a palace fort built in the 17th century by Shahjahan, the 5th Mughal emperor as part of his new capital city of Shahjahanabad, north of Delhi. It was inscribed under the UNESCO World Heritage List (2007).
7. Churches and Convents of Goa Velha Goa(Old Goa), Goa Churches and Convents of Goa are monuments inscribed by UNESCO under the World Heritage List in 1986 as cultural property. They were built by the Portuguese colonial rulers of Goa between 16th and 18th centuries. These monuments of Goa, known as the “Rome of the Orient”.
8. Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park Panchmahal, Gujarat It was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004 as a cultural site. There is a concentration of largely unexcavated archaeological, historic and living cultural heritage properties. The site is the only complete and unchanged Islamic pre-Mughal city.
9. Group of Monuments at Hampi Hampi, Bellary Dist,

Karnataka

Hampi is a village and temple town was recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986. It is located within the ruins of the city of Vijayanagara. Hampi continues to be an important religious centre, housing the Virupaksha Temple and several other monuments belonging to the old city.
10. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal Bagalakote,

Karnataka

It was designated under UNESCO World Heritage List, in 1987, covers a remarkable series of nine Hindu temples, as well as a Jain temple. These are a remarkable combination of temples built by the Chalukya Dynasty in the 6th to 8th century at Aihole, Badami and Pattadakal, the latter city was known as the “Crown Rubies”.
11. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi Sanchi,

Madhya Pradesh

Sanchi is a Buddhist complex, famous for its Great Stupa, on a hilltop at Sanchi. The Great Stupa is one of the oldest stone structure in India and was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. It was inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on January 24, 1989 for its unique cultural importance.
12. Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka Raisen District, Madhya Pradesh The unique rock art has been discovered in 400 painted shelters. Some of the Stone Age rock paintings found among the Bhimbetka rock shelters is some 30,000 years old. The caves also deliver early evidence of dance. They were declared a World Heritage Site in 2003.
13. Khajuraho Group of Monuments Chhatarpur,

Madhya Pradesh

The Khajuraho Group of Monuments is a group of Hindu and Jain temples built by Chandela dynasty. The temples are famous for their nagara-style architectural symbolism and their erotic sculptures. It was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Sitein 1986 for its unique original artistic creation.
14. Ajanta Caves Aurangabad District, Maharashtra The caves include paintings and rock cut sculptures described as among the finest surviving examples of ancient Indian art, particularly expressive paintings that present emotion through gesture, pose and form. It was inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983.
15. Ellora Caves Aurangabad District, Maharashtra It is one of the largest rock-cut monastery-temple caves complexes in the world, and recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Cave 16 of Ellora features the largest single monolithic rock excavation in the world, the Kailasha temple, a chariot shaped monument dedicated to Shiva.
16. Elephanta Caves Mumbai, Maharashtra The Elephanta Caves are a network of sculpted caves located on Elephanta Island, or Gharapuri (literally “the city of caves”). The caves were designated an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.
17. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway Mumbai, Maharashtra It is formerly known as Victoria Terminus is a historic railway station
Station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004. It serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways. The station was built in 1887 to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria.
18. Sun Temple Konarak, Odisha Konark Sun Temple is a 13th-century Sun Temple (also known as the “Black Pagoda”). It is built in the form of the chariot of Surya (Arka), the sun god with 24 wheels, and is heavily decorated with symbolic stone carvings and led by a team of six horses. The temple is one of the most renowned temples in India and is a World Heritage Site inscribed in 1984 as cultural property.
19. Keoladeo National Park Bharatpur, Rajasthan Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is a man-made and man-managed wetland and one of the national parks of India. It is conferred with World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985, as a natural property.
20. Jantar Mantar Jaipur, Rajasthan The Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is a collection of architectural astronomical instruments, built by Maharaja (King) Jai Singh II. It has been inscribed as cultural property on the UNESCO World Heritage List(2010).
21. Great Living Chola Temples Brihadeeswarar temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram;

Airavateshwarar Temple, Darasuram;

Brihadeeswarar Temple, Thanjavur,

Tamil Nadu

The Great Living Chola Temples, built by kings of the Chola Empire stretched over all of Tamil Nadu. This cultural heritage site includes three great temples of 11th and 12th centuries. The site was inscribed under UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987 as Cultural heritage.
22. Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram Mahabalipuram,

Tamil Nadu

They were built by the Pallava kings in the 7th and 8th centuries. These monuments have been carved out of rock along the Coromandel coast. It was inscribed under the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1984 as a cultural heritage.
23. Agra Fort Uttar Pradesh Agra Fort, also known as the Red Fort of Agra. It was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983, under cultural monument.
24. Fatehpur Sikri Agra District,

Uttar Pradesh

The city was founded in 1569 by the Mughal Emperor Akbar after his military victories over Chittor and Ranthambore and served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585. It is also called walled city and Victorious City.It was inscribed under the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1986 as a cultural heritage.
25. Taj Mahal Agra, Uttar Pradesh Taj Mahal, One of the Seven Wonders of the World is a mausoleum – a funerary mosque. It was built by Emperor Shahjahan in memory of his third wife Begum Mumtaz Mahal who had died in 1631.It was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983.
26. Mountain railways of India Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (1999), Darjeeling, West Bengal;

Nilgiri Mountain Railway (2005) Ooty, Tamil Nadu; Kalka-Shimla Railway, Himachal Pradesh

The Mountain Railways of India represents a collective listing of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and the Kalka-Shimla Railway under the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
27. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks Chamoli District, Uttarakhand Nanda Devi National Park was inscribed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988. The latter was expanded and renamed to Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks in 2005.
28. Sundarbans National Park Dayapur, Gosaba, West Bengal It is a National Park, Tiger Reserve, and a Biosphere Reserve covered by mangrove forests and is one of the largest reserves for the Bengal tiger and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site (1987).
29. Western Ghats Western Ghats Western Ghats, also known as the Sahyadri Mountains is one of the world’s ten “Hottest biodiversity hotspots”. A total of thirty nine properties (including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests) were designated as world heritage sites – twenty in the state of Kerala, ten in Karnataka, five in Tamil Nadu and four in Maharashtra.
30. Hill Forts of Rajasthan Rajasthan Hill Forts of Rajasthan, are a series of sites located on rocky outcrops of the Aravallis mountain range in Rajasthan. It consists of Chittorgarh-Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, Ranthambore Fort, Gagron Fort, Amer Fort, Jaisalmer Fort. It was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2013.
31. Rani ki vav

(TheQueen’s Stepwell)

Patan, Gujarat It is a famous stepwell It is famous for its size and sculpture. It was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2014.
32. Great Himalayan National Park Kullu region in Himachal Pradesh The Park was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites (2014). The Unesco World Heritage Site Committee granted the status to the park under the criteria of “outstanding significance for biodiversity conservation”.
33. Nalanda Nalanda District, Bihar The Nalanda Mahavihara site is in the State of Bihar, in north-eastern India. It comprises the archaeological remains of a monastic and scholastic institution dating from the 3rd century BCE to the 13th century CE. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site (2016).
34. Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim The park gets its name from the mountain Kanchenjunga which is 8,586 metres (28,169 ft) tall, the third-highest peak in the world. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site (2016).
35. The Architectural Work Of Le Corbusier Chandigarh Chosen from the work of Le Corbusier, the 17 sites comprising this transnational serial property are spread over seven countries. Urban and Architectural Work of Le Corbusier in Chandigarh, is home to numerous architectural projects of Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Matthew Nowicki and Albert Mayer. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site (2016).
36. Historic City of Ahmadabad Ahmedabad, Gujarat The walled city of Ahmadabad, founded by Sultan Ahmad Shah in the 15th century, on the eastern bank of the Sabarmati river, presents a rich architectural heritage from the sultanate period, notably the Bhadra citadel, the walls and gates of the Fort city and numerous mosques and tombs as well as important Hindu and Jain temples of later periods. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site (2017).

 

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